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Transcript of Middle Ages
The main job of women in the middle ages was to take care of their families and homes. Noblewomen Townswomen Peasant Women People were sick everywhere ! Whole families were wiped out ! Whole villages were wiped out ! Black Death The Black death started in Asia in the 14th century, and it spread to Africa and throughout Europe. People with the disease first broke out with red ring
shaped marks with dark center spots on their necks and arms. They would also run high fevers and after a little while they would die. 1/3 of Europe's population died of the plague in just ten years. The work of a normal noblewomen included directing the people who run the staff of her manor house, keeping important visitors entertained; keeping track of how the budget was spent, and stocking items that included cloth, wool, and food. Some noblewomen had the job making sure the manor could defend itself during wars. Townswomen had many jobs. They took care of livestock, smoked meats, made cheese and butter, and cared for their gardens. A woman living in town could buy many products but she had to be a good bargainer, to find the best prices. Guilds The job of a peasant women was so important that if she died her whole family would be in trouble. Peasant women cleaned the house, made cloth and clothes, cooked, made butter, ale, and cheese, and cared for children. Peasant women also had gardens that grew vegetables and herbs. The People At first, people tried to protect themselves by locking their doors and carrying flowers to ward off the smell of the dying and the dead. People thought it was a punishment from God for being evil People didn't know that infected rats had the disease. In the year 1066, Normans conquered England. These French soldiers who came on horseback were called knights by the English. When not fighting or going about the business of war, a knight would served his master by doing routine service. At this time only the rich were considered to be knights, but men could be made a knight for deeds of honour or distinction. Early medieval knights swore to uphold a code of chivalry. Becoming a Knight A boy started on his way to becoming a knight at the age of seven by becoming a page in the household of a lord. As a page he learned to ride a horse, received religious training, was taught manners, hunting, dancing and possibly learned to read or write if someone in the manor could teach him. At the age twelve or thirteen the page became a squire. Squires were assistants to the knights. A squire looked after the knight's armor and weapons and became skilled in it. He served the knight his meals and often followed him into battle. The night before a squire became a knight he would confess his sins, bathe, dress in white, and feasted. The End During the 1100's bakers, artists, merchants and other professions put themselves into a business association called guilds. The purpose of the guild was to keep peoples business private. The guild promised that if you were a professional in the guild you would have an amount of space before another person could build a shop, and if your shop burned down they would care for your family. Sources 1. Handouts 2. Google images First Crusade Three major religious groups all claimed Jerusalem as their holy city in the land of Palestine. In 600 CE, Arabs entered the city and took control. The Arabs allowed Christian and Jewish pilgrims to visit and even live in Jerusalem. Then a new group of Arabs took over and they didn't want Christian or Jewish pilgrims in the city. The Pope called for a crusade. Second Crusade Not successful Third Crusade Not successful Fourth Crusade Not successful Children's Crusade Sixth Crusade Seventh Crusade Not successful Eighth Crusade Not successful Successful for a little while. 1095 1147-1149 1189-1192 1202-1204 Not successful 1212 Terrible tragedy Not successful The sign of the crusade was the Red Cross. Before the feudal system most people lived under Roman law. But after hundreds of years, the Roman government became too complicated and spread out. Thus the feudal system became. The feudal system was a way for organizing how much power you had in the society. Barons Barons were people who owned a lot of land and sometimes sectioned off pieces of land for knights so they could live and farm. In exchange the knights would swear an oath of loyalty to the lord who gave them the land. Dukes, Earls, & Counts The king divided his land into fiefs. Which he gave to dukes and sometimes earls or counts. In exchange they had to help the king whenever he wanted and do whatever the king said. The dukes would often divide their land with counts and earls. The bailiffs worked for the lord and the viscounts were the assistant to the court. Merchants & Commoners Villeins Villeins were not slaves however they were not free. They worked for a lord. Serfs Serfs were slaves. They worked without any pay. In exchange they got a small hut and food. Kings & Queen There were not very many kings or queens but they had the most power. Bishops & Abbots Most Bishops and Abbots came from noble families. They were religious leaders. The Abbots reported to the Bishops and the Bishops reported to the cardinals. Viscounts & Bailiffs The commoners in the middle ages made their own clothes and grew vegetables. They also made their own house. Merchants bought and sold stuff. Soldiers and Knights Soldiers and knights lived on a lord's land and swore to serve his lord. Rules Price control: The price of each item was decided by the guild. Wage control: All workers had to be paid the same. Quality control: Everyone had to satisfy the quality standards set by their respective guild. Advertising control: No guild member could advertise wares. 3. http://medievaleurope.mrdonn.org/bishops.html 4.http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/medieval/goverment/feuydalism.hpm 5.http:wiki.answers.com/Q/what=are=visconts=and=bailiffs=in=medieval=times