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Stonehenge

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by

Keith Brennan

on 15 September 2014

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Transcript of Stonehenge

Stonehenge
History and Heritage
Builders of Stonehenge
Historians once believed that Stonehenge was built as a result of the collaboration between many different cultures. These Cultures included: Saxons, Danes, Romans and even Egyptians. Today however, many people have accepted the idea that the builders were all natives of the British Isles.
Owners of the Stones
Stonehenge's ownership has been passed between many people throughout its history. A few of the notable people include King Henry VII, The Earl of Hertford and the Marquess of Queensbury.
How was it Built?
It is suspected that construction on Stonehenge began in around 3100 BC. What is intriguing about its construction however, is that is was built in several "phases." From 3100 to 1500 BC, hundreds of tons of bluestones were transported to the site on which Stonehenge was to be built. In order to move these massive stones, workers had to use sleds with large rollers in front to position them correctly.
Where in the World is it?
Stonehenge is located in the Province of Wiltshire United Kingdom, where it stands as a reminder of the ways of ancient Britain.
What Was it For?
This fact has been debated by historians and scientists for many years, but several of the most popular theories are as follows: a burial site, a pilgrimage destination, a memorial, a place of healing, and even an astronomical calendar.
Legends and Myths of the Standing Stones
Akin to the many theories surrounding the original purpose of Stonehenge, there are countless stories and legends about its construction. Some say that the devil was responsible,
While others say it was the work of...
ALIENS!
The most popular myth however, has its roots in the King Arthur Legend.

History of Stonehenge
As stated before, Stonehenge was constructed between 3100 and 1500 BC. After thousands of years, excavations and reconstructions had begun to take place at Stonehenge. The first notable excavation was led by William Hawley in 1900's and it was he who discovered the multi-phase construction style. Fortunately, this monument has survived both World Wars, and continues to be studied and preserved to this day.
Major Events at Stonehenge
Every year, the Druid societies of the United Kingdom are permitted to gather at Stonehenge to celebrate their Summer and Winter Solstices. While it is great that their culture is being supported, their annual gatherings are becoming increasingly harmful to the monument.
What is it Like Today?
Stonehenge is now open to the public as a historical site and museum. The museum is host to over three hundred artifacts that have been excavated from underneath Stonehenge. While you can walk near the stones, they are roped off in 1977 and are now protected so no harm can come to them.
1915
1944
1954
World War One
World War Two
Reconstruction
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