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Sonata Form: A Four course dinner!
Transcript of Sonata Form: A Four course dinner!
Classical Sonata Form
The first movement of sonata form has three main sections: exposition, development and recapitulation. Most of the musical ideas come from two main themes known as the first and second subject.
1.The first subject is in the tonic key. The second subject is in a different key, usually the dominant or the relative minor, and has a different character. The two subjects are connected by a transition or bridge passage.
2.In the development section the material from the exposition is transformed. The music goes through several modulations (key changes).
3.In the recapitulation the material from the exposition is recapped - repeated in a slightly different and shorter form. The first and second subjects are now both heard in the tonic key.
4. A small section at the end of the movement. Normally material that hasn't been heard before. Similar to an 'outro.'
In the exposition the material is 'exposed' - presented for the first time. There are two main melodies known as the first and second subject.
Listen to Beethoven's Symphony no. 5
The first movement is in Sonata Form
As you listen, answer the following questions
What device does Beethoven use to develop the first
Exposition: 1st Theme
Describe the dynamics.
Which brass instrument plays here?
Describe the way the violins are being played. How does this change at the end of the bridge section?
Describe the dynamics
Which instruments play the motif?
Towards the end, which device can you hear between the woodwind and strings?
What two devices can you hear? On what instruments?
Which woodwind instrument plays a solo on the first theme?
Describe the dynamics after this instrument's solo
What woodwind instrument is playing a low pitched solo line? (listen carefully!)
Which family of instruments is playing the new melody line?
Which device is being used on the new melody?
Describe the final playing of the main motif