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THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE WAYS OF KNOWING AND THE ARTS

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on 18 November 2014

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Transcript of THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE WAYS OF KNOWING AND THE ARTS

Real-life situation
Scope and Applications
Emotion
"Art evokes emotion.
It doesn't have to be a thing of beauty." - Eli Broad
Reason
Inductive reasoning
making generalizations on previous experiences
Language
Conclusion
Historical Development
conveys a message
->symbols

not possible to express with words
->case of denotation theory

learning from artworks


THE CONNECTION BETWEEN THE WAYS OF KNOWING AND THE ARTS
ART AS AN AREA OF KNOWLEDGE
Links to personal knowledge
Limitations
To what extent do the WOKs reason, emotion and language influence the recognition of art?
EMOTION AS A WOK TO RECOGNIZE ART
CONNECTION TO REASONING
CONNECTION TO LANGUAGE
"Onement VI"
External influences: Study by Vitaly Komar and Alexander Melamid in 1993 -> people from all over the world
-> preference about art/ recognition
-> realistic paintings, landscape, colour blue

Social function : share own responses to a certain question (-> advertisement)
If we feel like this is art, it is art.
"Art speaks a language of its own"
"A picture is worth a 1000 words"
"Art is here to take us beyond language"

Darby Bannard
"If I could say it in words, there would be no reason to paint"

Edward Hopper
Who of you once didn’t try to copy something they saw on TV or read in books ?
The Link is Interpretation

Traditionally, we have believed that art imitates life
Oscar Wilde: “[Poets and painters] did not exist till Art had invented them.”
Art imitates life


Life imitates art
Hitler Ministry of Propaganda and National Enlightenment

Decided what asset of life is imitated (censorship)

Decided what knowledge we wanted to perceive

Deductive reasoning
form a specific conclusion based on weighing up premises
Classification
form concepts, ideas, and objects together into categories
assign these categories with a term

‘Recognition heuristic: If one of two objects is recognized and the other is not, then infer that the recognized object has the higher value with respect to the criterion.’ Goldstein and Gigerenzer (2002)

Recognition heuristic
If something is valuable, with respect to the criterion, it is recognised
If that something is valuable
Art is valuable
It is recognized
Art is recognized
Inductive Reasoning
If it was recognized in the past, it will be recognized in the future
Worth: 43 million dollars
will be worth 43 million dollars in the future
Classification
Value
emotional value
This peace of art reaches my emotions

materialistic value
This peace of art is worth 43 million dollars
Definition of art

hundreds of definition and classification of art

art is what you might perceive as art or what is categorized as art expressed through its high demand from others
Deductive Reasoning
both premises must be valid, so that the conclusion is liable
All Tok teachers know what TOK means
Dr. Helmke is my TOK teacher
Dr. Helmke knows what TOK means
A TOK teacher who just had a concussion and suffered under memory loss does not know what TOK means but still has the legal right to teach it
Critical Perspectives
Inductive Reasoning
Creator's intention
Aesthetic beauty
what happened in the past will happen in the future
Generalization
If world economic crisis
painting worth nothing

Classification
how do we classify
classification is subjective
Example would be nodding:
Response of the
audience
no
yes
Limitations
Germany:
Italy:
no
yes
What do you feel?
multiple interpretations
->influenced by language
spoken
->Lera Boroditsky studies

fail to achieve 'complex communication'
"The job of the artist is always to deepen the mystery."

Francis Bacon
Aristotelian view on art and emotions
"the objects themselves may be painful to see" (Aristotle 100)
=> help us to learn about life
purposes: e.g. religious ritual
important events
recording of visual data

art = reflection of society

development in technique
If it was recognized in the past, it will be recognized in the future
Generalization are not fully dependable
If something is valuable, with respect to the criterion, it is recognized
If that something is valuable
It is recognized
Inductive reasoning
Deductive reasoning
Classification
How well does this work?

form concepts, ideas, and objects together into categories
assign these categories with a term
is subjective
Quality of art
both premises have to be viable for a feasible conclusion
Everything can be art.
Does the emotional message reach us or not?
Conclusive Questions about Recognition of Art
If almost everything can be art,
what is excluded from this theory?
Why do we have to recognize art at all? Or do we actually?
Sources:

http://gradcourses.rio.edu/artfunctions/social.htm
http://www.design.iastate.edu/NAB/about/thinkingskills/human_context/social_function.html
http://www.goethe.de/ges/umw/prj/kuk/the/kun/en6341334.htm
http://m.cdn.blog.hu/na/napigeek/image/13/newman.jpg
http://www.blackwellreference.com/public/tocnode?id=g9780631221319_chunk_g978063122131912 http://www.rowan.edu/open/philosop/clowney/Aesthetics/philos_artists_onart/aristotle.htm
http://www.rossleben2001.werner-knoben.de/doku/kurs74web/node3.html
http://www.textlog.de/6327.html
http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/dadaism.htm
http://www.theoryofknowledge.net/
http://www.grg23-alterlaa.ac.at/kunst/html/philosophie/index.html
http://stat8.blog.ru/lr/0b1db1558710cbd7f0ab0fbaaaa9c118
http://www.dubossarskyvinogradov.com/images/cms/data/2007/art_love.jpg
http://i221.photobucket.com/albums/dd228/swaggerdap/sebastien_72dpi1.jpg
http://www.theoryofknowledge.net/ways-of-knowing/reason/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recognition_heuristic
http://artsintherightplace.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/guernica.jpg#
http://www.theoryofknowledge.net/areas-of-knowledge/the-arts/what-does-the-development-of-art-tell-us-about-the-way-we-perceive-the-world/
http://char.txa.cornell.edu/art/introart.htm
http://quotations.about.com/od/famousquotes/a/famousart.htm
http://myfrencheasel.blogspot.de/2011/01/influence-of-language-on-paintings.html
IB Course Companion: Theory of Knowledge
2. Real life situation
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