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Transcript of Salvador Dali
Salvador Dali was born Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dali y Domenech in Figueres, Spain on May 11, 1904
to parents Salvador Dali y Cusi and Felipa Domenech Ferres.
His father was very strict and a lawyer by profession, while his
mother encouraged Salvador in his art and strange and quirky nature
Salvador was an
, and was prone to fits of anger, which he was punished for by his father.
Dali had an older brother born nine months before him, who passed away from gastroenteritis.
Dali said that when he was five, his parents took him to his brother's grave and told him he was his brother's reincarnation.
He said, "[we] resembled each other like two drops of water, but we had different reflections."
From an early age, Dali was producing highly sophisticated drawings, with his parents supporting his artistic talent.
His parents even built him an art studio at the family's summer home on the coast.
Dali went to drawing school in 1916
, and after one year he discovered modern painting.
In 1919, the young artist had his first public exhibition.
In 1921, Dali's mother, Felipa, passed away from breast cancer. Dali was 16 years old, and was devastated. His father then married Felipa's sister, which did not help the father-son relationship.
Four years after being accepted into the San Fernando Academy of Art in Madrid, Dali was expelled
after refusing to be examined in art theory and declaring that the examiners were not fit to judge him.
He experimented with movements such as futurism, impressionism and cubism, and during one of his trips leader Andre Breton introduced him to the world of Surrealism.
1925, Dali had his first solo exhibition
, and after leaving the Academy his art became more bizarre and grotesque.
The Troublesome Thirties
In the 1930's, Dali evolved from a key figure in the Surrealist movement to its enemy.
In 1934 the artist was almost expelled from the group after a "trial" due to his attitude towards politics, personal issues with Breton and the way he acted in public.
Dali was influenced by Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis
, whom Dali met in 1938.
Dali was expelled from the Surrealists in 1939 by Andre Breton.
Dali and his wife Gala spent the 1940s in America to flee WWII.
Dali explored film, teaming up with Alfred Hitchcock to create dream-like scenes, and then later hired by Walt Disney to complete the art and storyboards for
Destino (2003), an animated short film project between Disney and Dali, was released 58 years after production began, as Disney pulled the plug on production after three months. It is based on a Mexican folk song.
The 1950s was the heart of Dali's classical period.
nineteen large canvases
very detailed images of religious, historical and scientific themes.
Dali was obsessed with geometry, DNA, divinity and experimented with
Dali continued to break boundaries in the 1960s, with
deep interest in space and science
reflected in his work.
Even as his health deteriorated, Dali remained a
prominent public figure and celebrity
with retrospective exhibitions all over the world.
Following the death of his wife Gala, Dali painted less and less.
Fascinated by ideas of immortality and the fourth dimension, his last works were more mathematical.
In 1984 Dali was severely injured from a house fire and was confined to a wheelchair for the remainder of his life.
Salvador Dali died of heart failure in Figueres on January 23, 1989 at the age of 84.
The Swallow's Tail
Dali wore a diving suit during his lecture at the London's International Surrealist Exhibition, and appeared in TIME Magazine
The Hallucinogenic Toreador