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RAILROADS LEAD THE WAY

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by

Mayra Aleman

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of RAILROADS LEAD THE WAY

continued
The Railroad expansion
Eli H. Janney
Eli H. Janney was a big part in the Civil War, he helped travelers ship goods and crops to many diffrent places.
He invented a device that can automatically link together two railroads.
Eli started off as a small time farmer.
He also served as the local postmaster.
By: Mayra , Ashley, Janaya, Jayla, Dorian, and Micheal
The Railroad Expansion
RAILROADS LEAD THE WAY
The Railroad Expansion
Large companies bought smaller companies or drove them out

Railroad expansion Video
Train accidents were frequent since brakes had to be applied manually on each car by different brakemen following a signal from the engineer
In April of 1869, George Westinghouse created the airbrake. (patent #re,5,504)
The device enabled trains to be stopped with fail safe accuracy by the locomotive engineer for the first.
Westinghouse formed the westinghouse electric company in 1884
By 1904 there were 9 manufacturing companies of his in the U.S, 1 in Canada, and 5 in Europe.
George influenced or promoted the use of electricity for power and transportation.
George Westinghouse
During the Civil War trains carried troops and supplies to there destination
After the war, the railroad system had grown in the U.S and drove economic growth
In 1860 the U.S had about 30,000 miles of railroad track
By 1900, the nation had nearly 193,000 of railroad tracks
Railroad expansion was accomanied by combining seperate companies(consolidation)
Cosoldiation made large company more efficient they made stands and prices
(Continued)
There were indivisuals known as railroad borons, who controlled railroad traffic
The transported goods from factories to markets & produce from farming areas
At first there was a demand for iron tracks, locomotives began laboring workers oniron mining
In 1880, railroad companies began using tracks of steel a strong metal made using the railroad tracks improved the American Steel Industery
Trains would transport:
Iron
Coal
Timber
Goods
George M. Pullman
George revolutionized train travel by building one of the most luxurious rail cars in american history.
He made a fortune by building luxury rail cars and selling them to rail companies.
Around 1858 George and his friend Benjamin Field made a sleeper rail car company.
He dsigned the rail cars for more comfurtable over night travel.
In 1865 George Pullman and Ben Field began the commercial manufacture of the sleeper cars
Gustaus Swift
Gustaus founded the meat - packing empire.
Gustaus helped refrigerate trains.
Because of his idea, meats were able to be shipped to all parts of the country and more.
The company earned a fortune by the large scale of meat slaughter and proccessing of cattle in the Midwest.
He also shipped animals and cut meat.
The railroad also had an effect on the lumber industry.
Which supplied wood for the railroad ties.
The caol industry provied fuel.
The railroad made thousands of jobs for people.
The increased use made it necessary for railroad expansion
different lines used different gauges or widths
As a result of different trains of different lines could not us other lines. They had to switch trains to continue their travel
Because of that the companies made the standard guage.
Standard Guage is a railroad track with the width of 4 feet and 8.5 in as standard width.
This made travel much more faster because they no longer have to swithch cars or unload and reload cars onto different trains.
Large railroad companies offered secret discounts called rebates to their biigest customers.
Rail road barons also made secret agreement called pools.
Barons divided cars to certain people so they can make some extra money.
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