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Law, Crime and Punishment in Ancient Greece
Transcript of Law, Crime and Punishment in Ancient Greece
Most city-states were governed by Oligarchy- a small group of rich noblemen called aristocrats. Then a different system called Democracy was introduced in Athens.
There were no lawyers in Ancient Greece. Citizens were expected to know the law and act as their own attorney in court.
Each city-state had its own way of interpreting the law.
Only citizens had legal rights. Powerless people included women, slaves and immigrants.
If a women or a slave had to be tried in court the could not represent themselves in court. Their owner or guardian represented them.
A vote of at least half the jurors plus one decided the result of the trial.
Some of the crimes in Ancient Greece were murder, theft and assault.
Offending the gods gave the person bad luck on himself, his family, friends and descendants. Also he brought shame and ill future on his city.
The worst thieves Kakoujrgi, they burglarized or stole purses and fine clothing.
When men were guilty of crime they were fined rather than getting physically punished, unlike women or slaves who were more likely to be punished with punishments like stoning or put into stocks.
Citizens who were found guilty of stealing property were expected to return the stolen object and pay twice its value.
Women caught spying on male competitors at the Olympic games were flung from Mount Typaeum into a deep chasm.
Murderers were sometimes thrown into a pit of sharp spikes called the barathron.
Serious criminals such as kidnappers were put to death.
The Spartans cast their criminals into a dry well to die.
People who were called exiles were cast out from their homeland and forced to lave their family an property behind. The sentence for exile was usually for long periods of time, such as 10 years to life.
General punishment were mild, fines and loss of property. Some more serious punishments consisted of poisoning, stoning and beheading.
In most ancient Greek cities law and order was kept by a small force of city guards.
Greek cities demanded a high degree of loyalty from their citizens and had strict laws against traitors and rebels.
A kleroteria used colored balls to pick the jury for the day. It had a small button on top and small balls that were red and blue.
Each juror was given two bronze, one for the guilty verdict and one for the innocent.
The laws in ancient Greece gave modern day law makers an idea of laws, also ancient Greece helped formed democracy and now almost every country uses it.
Bronze Tokens used to reward the jury.