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English Verb Tenses

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Kaoutar Dardour

on 1 October 2015

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Transcript of English Verb Tenses



More than 5000
business partners
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Bio-tech R&D
HOW MANY TIMES HAVE YOU TRIED TO LEARN ENGLISH VERB TENSES?
.
.
.
*SIMPLE
CONTINUOUS
PERFECT
ONLY ONE WORD

*Unless the negative and interrogative sentences.
TO BE + ING
HAVE + PAST PART.
PRESENT
PAST
FUTURE
Still trying, aren't you?
All English Verb Tenses can be classified as
WHEN DO WE USE IT?

1: First, we use the Present Simple when something is generally true:

The sun rises in the east.
People need food.
The sky isn't green.
Two and two make four.

2: Secondly, we need to use this tense for a situation that we think is more or less permanent:

Where do you live?
They love coffee.
She has three children.
I don't like mushrooms.

3: The next use is for habits or things that we do regularly:

Do you smoke?
She gets up at seven o'clock every day.
At the weekend, we usually go to the market.
I don't travel very often.

I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
SING
SING
S
I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
DO
ES
N'T
DO
DO
ES
THINK
PRESENT SIMPLE
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1: First, we use it for things that are happening at the moment of speaking:

I'm working at the moment.
Please call back as we are eating dinner now.
Julie is sleeping.
You are studying the present continuous.

2: We can also use this tense for temporary situations, when we feel something won't continue for a long time:

She's staying with her friend for a week.
I'm living in London for a few months.
John's working in a bar until he finds a job in his
field.
I'm reading a really great book.

3: We can use the present continuous for habits but they have to be temporary or new habits:

He's eating a lot these days.
She's swimming every morning (she didn't use to do this).
You're smoking too much.
They're doing the homework.

4: Another present continuous use is for annoying habits, when we want to show that something happens too often and we don't like it. In this case we usually use an adverb like 'always', 'forever' or 'constantly':

You're always losing your keys!
She's constantly missing the train.
He's always sleeping in.
They're forever being late.

5: The next use is for definite future arrangements (with a future time word). In this case we have already made a plan and we are pretty sure that the event will happen in the future:

I'm meeting my father tomorrow.
We're going to the beach at the weekend.
I'm leaving at three.
They're coming to the party at the weekend.
.


I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
DON'T
AM
ARE
IS
WRIT
ING
AM NOT
AREN'T
ARE NOT
ISN'T
IS NOT
LISTEN
ING
AM
ARE
IS
PAINT
ING
WHEN DO WE USE IT?



We use this tense for unfinished and finished actions:

Unfinished Actions

1.We use this tense when we want to talk about unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present. Usually we use it to say 'how long' an action or state has continued with 'since' and 'for'. Often, we use stative verbs in this situation
:

I've known Karen since 1994.
She's lived in London for three years.

'
Since' and 'For'
We use 'since' with a fixed time in the past:

I've known Sam since 1992.
I've liked chocolate since I was a child.

We use 'for' with a period of time (2 hours, three years, six months):

I've been hungry for hours.
She's had a cold for a week.


Finished Actions

1: Life experience (we don't say when the experience happened, just sometime in the past):

I have been to Tokyo.
She has lived in Germany.
We have never seen that film.
Have you ever read 'War and Peace'?

2: A finished action with a result in the present (focus on result):

I've lost my keys (so I can't get into my house).
She's hurt her leg (so she can't play tennis today).
They've missed the bus (so they will be late).
I've cooked dinner (so you should come and eat).

3: With an unfinished time word (this month, this week, today, in the last year):

I haven't seen her this month.
She's drunk three cups of coffee today.
This week they've been shopping four times.




I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
PRESENT PERFECT
HAVE
'VE
HAS
'S
PAST
PARTICIPLE
DRUNK

PLAYED
HAVE NOT
HAVEN'T
HAS NOT
HASN'T
PAST
PARTICIPLE
GONE

SMOKED
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


There are two main times we use this tense. Remember we can't use it with stative verbs.

1: To say how long, for unfinished actions which started in the past and continue to the present. We often use this with for and since:

I've been living in London for two years.
She's been working here since 2004.
We've been waiting for the bus for hours.

2: Actions which have just stopped and have a result, which we can often see, hear, or feel, in the present (focus on action):

I'm so tired, I've been studying.
I've been running, so I'm really hot.
It's been raining, the pavement is wet.
I've been reading your book, it's very good.





I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
HAVE
'VE
HAS
'S
HAVE NOT
HAVEN'T
HAS NOT
HASN'T
HAVE
HAS
PAST
PARTICIPLE
BEEN

COOKED
BEEN
FEEL
ING
BEEN
STUDY
ING
HAVE
HAS
BEEN
WAIT
ING
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1 Finished events in the past with no connection to the present:

Leonardo painted the Mona Lisa.
The Vikings invaded Britain.

2 With a finished time word (yesterday, last week, at 2 o'clock, in 2003):

I went to the cinema yesterday.
We visited Japan in 2007.

3 For stories / lists of events:

He went to a cafe, sat down and lit a cigarette.
Yesterday I went to the library, met a friend for lunch, and played tennis.

4 Details of news:

I've hurt my leg. I fell off a ladder when I was painting my bedroom.
I've been on holiday. I went to Spain and Portugal.





I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

PAST SIMPLE
Affirmative
Affirmative
Affirmative
Affirmative
Affirmative
Negative
Negative
Negative
Negative
Negative
Interrogative
Interrogative
Interrogative
Interrogative
Interrogative
VERB TENSES
SENT

STOPPED
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY
DIDN'T
BELIVE
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

DID
BUY
WHEN DO WE USE IT?

The past continuous tense in English is used quite often, especially when telling stories.

1 A continuous action in the past which is interrupted by another action or a time:

I was taking a bath when the telephone rang.
At three o'clock, I was working.

2 Background information, to give atmosphere to a story:

It was a beautiful day. The birds were singing, the sun was shining and in the cafes people were laughing and chatting.

3 An annoying and repeated action in the past, usually with 'always':

He was always leaving the tap running.
I was always making the bed.

4 For two actions which happened at the same time in the past:

I was watching TV and he was reading.
They was singing and I was dancing.





PAST CONTINUOUS
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT

I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
WAS
WAS
WERE
WATCH
ING
I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE
IT
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1. Will things which are not certain, especially with " I think, I hope, I expect, probably and maybe":

She'll probably phone later.
I think it'll be warmer next week.

2. Predictions for the future:

Sea levels will rise by several centimetres.
The climate will change.


3. "Will" can also be used to:
make requests
Will you help me with my homework?
make promises

I won't forget.
make offers
I'll buy you a sandwich if you're hungry.
express a decision made at the moment of speaking

That's the phone ringing-

I'll get it!





I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

FUTURE SIMPLE
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
WILL SEND
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY
WILL NOT

WON'T
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

WILL
WANT
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1. For something happening/ in progress at a specific time in the future, or over a period of time in the future:

Don't phone me at 9 o'clock because I'll be having dinner.
In 2050, sea levels will still be rising.




I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

FUTURE CONTINUOUS
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

WILL
WATCH
ING
WHEN DO WE USE IT?

1.
For things completed
before
a time mentioned in the future.

You can phone me at ten because I'll have fished dinner by then.
He'll have made $1 million by the time he's 25.




FUTURE PERFECT
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

WILL
WHEN DO WE USE IT?

1. With a time word, to talk about an action which starts before a time in the future and continues up to that time:

In April 2009, I will have been teaching here for two years. (I started in April 2007 and still teach here now, probably I will continue after April 2009 but we are not sure).

FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

WILL HAVE BEEN
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1.Future plans made before the moment of speaking:

A: 'We've run out of milk.'
B: 'I know, I'm going to buy some.'

2.Prediction based on present evidence:

Look at those boys playing football! They're going to break the window.





"GOING TO" FUTURE
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE IT

GOING TO
LEAVE
WILL BE
WORK
ING
WILL NOT BE

WON'T BE
LIV
ING
PAST
PARTICIPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
WILL HAVE
RECIVED

BUILT
WILL NOT

WON'T
FINISHED
SPOKEN
STUD
ING
WILL NOT HAVE BEEN

WON'T HAVE BEEN
RUNN
ING
WILL
HAVE
BEEN
I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

I
YOU
HE
SHE IT
WE
THEY

I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE IT


GOING TO
I

YOU
WE
THEY

HE
SHE IT

GOING TO
DRINK
WAS NOT

WASN'T
WERE NOT

WEREN'T
WAS NOT
TALK
ING
WAS
WERE
WAS
LEARNING
BE
HAVE
TRAINED



SOUGHT
ING
WHEN DO WE USE IT?



1. We use Past perfect to indicate that we are talking about something which happened before something which is described in the past simple:

When he got to the station, his train had already left.
They had studied English before they went to London.
Before her sixth birthday, Jane had never been to the zoo.

2. Typically with time expressions like: when, as soon as, after, before, etc.:

We hadn't prepared at all before we took that test.
We had gotten married before 1985.

3.Often with thes adverbs: already, just, never:

He'd never eaten steak and kidney pie until he came to England.
By the time he came home, his parents had already gone to the bed.


PAST PERFECT
Negative
Interrogative
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT

Affirmative
VISITED

BRED
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT
HAD
PAST
PARTICIPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
PAST
PARTICIPLE
HAD NOT

HADN'T
ASKED

MISTAKEN
HAD
ALLOWED

FLOWN
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1-We use the Past Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continued up until another time in the past:

She had been working at that company for three years when it went out of business.
How long had you been waiting to get on the bus?
I had not been studying Turkish very long.

2-Using the Past Perfect Continuous before another action in the past is a good way to show cause and effect

Jason was tired because he had been jogging.
Sam gained weight because he had been overeating.
Betty failed the final test because she had not been attending class.


PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Negative
Interrogative
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT

Affirmative
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT
HAD BEEN
HAD NOT BEEN

HADN'T BEEN
HAD
WHEN DO WE USE IT?


1."Used to" expresses the idea that something was an old habit that stopped in the past. It indicates that something was often repeated in the past, but it is not usually done now:

Jerry used to study English.
Sam and Mary used to go to Mexico in the summer.
I used to start work at 9 o'clock.
USED TO
Negative
Interrogative
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT

Affirmative
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT
I
YOU
WE
THEY
HE
SHE
IT
DID
CALL
ING
DESTROY
ING
BEEN
ACCEPTING
USED TO
SMOKE
DIDN'T USE TO
SING
USE TO
ADD
1.
Alberto (drive) to school bus everyday.

2
. Sandy (forget) her homework very often.

3.
Our friends sometimes (go) to the supermarket.

4.
Jenny never (go) there. But she (go) yesterday because her mother (be) ill.

5.
When they (arrive), the boy (play) in his room.

6.
By next year, they (win) the prize.

7.
They (argue) yesterday afternoon.

8.
We (plan) a trip for this weekend.

9.
When they (see) the car, they started (dance).

10
. She hates (get) the bus everyday.



1.
(smoke) is bad for your health.

2.
At this time next year, they (work) in South Africa.

3.
I (just/arrive), and I miss my family.

4.
How often (you/go) to the cinema?

5.
How long here (they/smoke) here?

6.
What you say (be) terrible.

7.
They (meet) tonight at 10 o'clock.

8.
Peter (live) since 2008 in this house.

9.
Who (be) your favourite pop stars?

10.
They (already/go) when the police arrived.

-I __________ in a bank.
Works
Working
Work
Is working
-Barbara __________ everyday.
Run
Runs
Is running
Running
-He __________ in Canada.
Doesn't live
Don't live
Not live
Not lives
-We __________ English.
Studys
Are studying
Studies
Is studying
-What are you doing right now? I __________ my homework.
Am doing
Is doing
Are doing
Do




-Henry ______(live) in New York for 3 years.
-Yesterday was a long day. I ______ (work) all afternoon, ______ (go) to class in the evening and then ______ (have) dinner with my parents.
-She _____ (make) dinner when the boys _____ (come) home.
-In 1996, Bob _____ (work) in a hospital.
-When I was young, we _____ (not/have) computers.
-What _____ you _____ (do) last night when I _____ (call)?
-It _____ (start) to rain while he _____ (walk) the dog.
-My husband _____ (watch) the football game while I _____ (read) a book.
-Steve _____ (buy) a new car last year.
-I _____ (play) volleyball with my friends at 3pm yesterday.

-I think they _____(win) the game.
-We ______ (buy) a new house next year. [We have started looking]
-Don't worry, I _______ (call) you tomorrow morning.
-Our flight _______ (leave) at 7pm tomorrow evening.
-At 1pm tomorrow, we _______ (have) lunch.
-There are some clouds, but it ______ (not rain).
-Be careful, you ______(fall)!
-I _______ (not come) to the party tomorrow. I am leaving for Paris this afternoon.
-I _______ (work) when they arrive.
-He promises he _______ (be) careful.
1-
Choose the correct answer.
3.
Write the correct form of the verb that is in brackets (in future).
2
.Write the correct form of the verb that is in brackets (in past).
4.
Write the correct form of the verb that is in brackets.
5.
Write the correct form of the verb that is in brackets.
DRIVE
ACTIVITIES
AM
ARE
IS
STEWED
AM NOT
ARE NOT
AREN'T
IS NOT
ISN'T
WATCH
AM
ARE
IS
-We __________ to the cinema next weekend.
Go
Goes
Are going
Is going
-He __________ next week.
Not is working
Isn't working
Not works
Is working not
-________ the train _________ at 8:00?
Does, leave
Do, leaves
Does, leaves
Do, leave
-__________ to the party tonight?
You are going
Is you going
You go
Are you going
-Michael __________ a new car.
Want
Is wanting
Are wanting
Wants
INDEX
Introduction:
-How many times...
-All English Verb Tenses can be classified as...

Present:
-Present Simple
-Present Continuous
-Present Perfect
-Present Perfect Continuous

Past:
-Past Simple
-Past Continuous
-Past Perfect
-Past Perfect Continuous
-Used to

Future:
-Future Simple
-Future Continuous
-Future Perfect
-Future Perfect Continuous
-''GOING TO'' Future

Activities

Webgrafia and Biografia
WEBGRAFIA AND BIBLIOGRAFIA
http://www.curso-ingles.com/index.php

http://www.wordreference.com/es/

http://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs

http://www.englishspanishlink.com/gramatica-inglesa/going-to-futuro.htm

The schol textboook.

Full transcript