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Chapter 10: Claims Across Space & Time

Sociology 211

Nini Salazar

on 17 April 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 10: Claims Across Space & Time

Joel Best. (2013). “Claims across Space and Time.” Social Problems, Second Edition. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. Pp. 286-317 Chapter 10: Claims across Space and Time Claims across Space and Time Comparative Research Diffusion The Problem of Progress Cycles in Claimsmaking Case Study: Sexual Trafficking across Space and Time Case Study: an examination of a particular problem

Areas of Comparison
Geography (space and place)
Similar Conditions (structure and culture)
Similar Constructions (claims, policies, etc)
Other bases for comparison

* Refer to Figure 10.1 on page 291 *
“Bases for Comparison During
Social Problems Processes” Diffusion: process by which innovations spread
Diffusion is easier when claims follow theorization: the presentation of claims using abstract principles and arguments
Diffusion involves
Transmitters: people who promote new innovations
Adopters: people who accept new innovations
Relational Channels: links that involve interpersonal contact between transmitter and adopter
Non-relational Channels: links that do not involve personal connection between transmitter and adopters Cycles of concern – troubling conditions become the focus of intense claimsmaking, then slip out of the spotlight for a while, and then return as the focus of renewed attention

Waves of intense concern
Higher tensions between groups
(“Axes of variation”)
Political and cultural climate Competitive strategies for claimsmaking in the social problems process
Accentuate the negative, use urgent rhetoric, and diminish progress What might explain the similarities between the constructions of the prostitution problem by today’s advocates and those of their counterparts in the past?

In the past, people often saw prostitution as a local problem, but contemporary advocates emphasize its global dimensions. Why?

Why does it seem easier to construct prostitution as a moral problem, instead of emphasizing the role of economic and social conditions? In-Class Exercise for Ch. 10 In groups

Discuss 2 “Box” sections OR Discuss the Case Study, answering the 3 questions on page 317

* * Record notes in your own notebook * *
* * Be prepared to share details * *
* * with the class * * 6-stage social problems process
1) Initial Claimsmaking
2) Media Coverage
3) Public Reaction
4) Policymaking
5) Social Problems Work
6) Policy Outcomes
Not all claims fit the model
Many claims fail
Variations over time and space/place

Comparative Research, Diffusion of Claims, Cyclical Claims, and the ‘Paradox’ of Progress Box 10.2 Religion, Democracy, and Israeli Social Issues (p. 293)

Box 10.3 Sexual Harassment Attracts Attention in Japan (p. 298) Box 10.3 Social Movements’ Selective Memories (p. 301)
Box 10.4 Cycles Can Have Ironic Consequences (p. 305) 4 Aspects of the Culture and Organization of Claimsmaking that downplay Progress (the 4 P’s)
Perfectibility: using the eradication of a troubling condition, instead of improvement, as the standard for evaluating social policy
Proportion: as bigger problems improve, smaller problems seem proportionally bigger than before
Proliferation: rapid increase in number of claims, arenas, and policies
Paranoia: fears of societal collapse, progress seen as a temporary illusion that will lead to disaster Box 10.6 Forecasting Future Problems (p. 312) Discussion Box 10.1 - Religion, Democracy,& Social Issues (pg. 293)

Box 10.2 - Sexual Harassment Attracts Attention in Japan (pg. 298)

Box 10.3 - Social Movements' Selective Memories (pg. 301)

Box 10.4 - Cycles Can Have Ironic Consequences (pg. 304)

Box 10.5 - Taking a Long View of Social Movements & Press Coverage (pg. 308)

Box 10.6 - Forecasting Future Problems (pg. 312)

Case Study - Sexual Trafficking Across Space & Time
(pg. 315-317)
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