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Scientific knowledge vs. common knowledge

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Camilla Eljuri

on 8 November 2013

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Transcript of Scientific knowledge vs. common knowledge

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Scientific Knowledge VS. Common Knowledge
What is Knowledge?
Knowledge is information, understanding, or skill that you get from experience , rational thinking or education.
Definition of Common Knowledge
Common knowledge, also called every day knowledge or prescientific knowledge, is information we encounter in our daily lifes. It is knowledge that we usually accept as true and don´t question.

Definition of Scientific knowledge
Scientific knowledge is knowledge that we test or learn through systematic thinking or practice. Science uses a method of investigating nature that discovers reliable knowledge. because the fact that we test it and reach conclusion.
Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge
Scientific knowledge is based on empirical evidence (based on experience and can be tested)
Used for understanding the natural world.
Scientific knowledge is durable and reliable, but it is also open to change.
Because science is based on empirical evidence it strives for objectivity.
Science provides natural explanations for phenomena.
Similarities
Karl Popper
Karl Popper is considered to be one of the greatest philosophers of science of the 20th century. Popper recognized the importance of using steps to reach knowledge.

His theory is that science is a system of knowledge

Differences
Scientific knowledge is a tool that we use to understand data we receive.
Common knowledge isn't as precise and explaining as scientific knowledge.
Common knowledge is not scientifically proven as scientific knowledge which makes it he very top quality information and knowledge available to us.
Common knowledge is information based on judgment, either of the individual or of a group.


Common knowledge is often the first source for scientific investigating.
Many philosophers even suggest that science is common knowledge made more exact, clear and reliable.
Both are sources for information and may help us advance in thinking
Characteristics of Common Knowledge
Facts that are usually not tested Widespread known information.
Knowledge shared by members of a certain field.
It involves our moral, religious and aesthetical beliefs.
Summary
Knowledge is information, understanding, or skill that you get from experience or education. Scientific knowledge and common knowledge are two types of knowledge. Common knowledge is knowledge we encounter every day while scientific knowledge provides explanations for natural phenomenom.
By: Julia Correa, Camilla Eljuri, Joaquín Miño, Francisco Ledesma

Anotated Bibliography

Website # 1
Big Idea 29 : The Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge. (n.d.). SC.6.N.2. Retrieved November 7, 2013, from http://www.cpalms.org/Public/Previewidea/Pre

With this document we were able to find information we could not found anywhere else. It talked about an exact subtopic we needed for the presentation and that way we were able to fill in a slide. This is a reliable source because it ends in .org; this means the information is as accurate as possible. Scientific knowledge was harder than common knowledge, but with this website we were able to find information easily.

Website # 2
Stephen, T. T. (1997, November 13). Karl Popper. Stanford University. Retrieved November 7, 2013, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/popper/

This reference is very useful for our investigation because it explains the opinion of one of the greatest scientific philosophers toward scientific knowledge. It gave us great information and explained the topic in a easy way for us to understand it more clearly. Also we can see this is a reliable source, because it ends with .edu not with .com and it is a document from Stanford University.

Website # 3
Common Knowledge and Scientific Knowledge: Difference and Inter- dependence. (n.d.). www.usfiles.us. Retrieved November 7, 2013, from http://usfiles.us.szc.pl/pliki/plik_1258199112

This website was an essay written by Renata Zieminska in which reliable sources were used. This was the most useful document for us, because it talks exactly about our topics and their differences. It gave us exact definitions and terms that are easy to understand. With this document we found most of the information needed, it helped us very much.

Website # 4
TED Conversations. (n.d.). Common Sense, Knowledge, and Science: Similarities and differences if any.... Retrieved November 7, 2013, from http://www.ted.com/conversations/17065/co

This source was useful for us because it showed the information in a different way. It does no explaining each topic, but instead it is directly comparing and contrasting between common and scientific knowledge. This helped us understand better by telling us exactly the similarities between the two. Ted talks are very famous and safe, so this is a reliable source for us to use in our project.
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