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World Geo Ch. 24-26: Southwest and Central Asia

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Bryan Poepperling

on 28 April 2016

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Transcript of World Geo Ch. 24-26: Southwest and Central Asia

Chapter 24-26: Central and Southwest Asia
Mr. Poepperling
What was the Persian Gulf War?
Price and Flow of Oil
Geology and Geography of Oil
Geographic Setting Ch. 24
Standards and Objectives
SS.912 G2.5, SS.912 G5.5, SS.912 W1.1, and SS.912 W3.2
1. Describe how oil has shaped the Middle East politically and economically

2. Define primate city and describe how a primate city affects a country economically, politically, and socially

3. Explain the causes of the shrinking of the Aral Sea and conclude what affect it has on those who use it
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 26 L1
1. What caused the shrinking of the Aral Sea?

2. How did the shrinking of the sea affect the people who lived near it?

3. What can be done to restore the Aral Sea?
- More than half of the world's

proven crude oil
reserves
lie under Southwest Asia


- What is crude oil?


- Three things that run on oil:


- Three major ethnic groups in Southwest Asia:
- Oil pumped out of the ground today was formed millions of years ago, but how?

- In general, oil money has improved the lives of many people in Southwest Asia

- This has increased life expectancy
and has shown a drop in infant
mortality rate
Southwest Asia:
a.k.a. the Middle East
Welcome to the Middle East!
Saudi Arabia
Iraq
Turkey
Syria
Iran
Oman
Yemen
United
Arab Emirates
Afghanistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Black Sea
Caspian
Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Red Sea
Arabian Sea
Aral Sea
Indian
Ocean

1. Arabs
2. Kurds
3. Persians
- Islam is the most important religio
n
Two methods to measure how wealthy a
country is:

1. Examine a country's GDP or gross domestic product (per capita)
2. Examine a country's Human Development Index or HDI
- 1990:
Iraq (headed by Saddam Hussein) invades Kuwait
- Hussein wanted to take over its oil reserves

- Jan. 1991:
The U.S. and many countries in Europe formed a coalition (alliance) and drove into Iraq to stop Hussein and drive Iraq out of Kuwait

- Feb. 1991:
The coalition defeated the Iraqi Army and sent a message to the world: countries must work together to keep oil flowing freely and fairly around
the world
Oil-exporting countries depend on oil sales to support their economies

O.P.E.C.
- Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries: created to ensure a steady
supply of oil between several countries
- Countries that depend on oil for
their economies:
Kuwait
Geographic Setting: Ch. 25
a city founded in present day
Turkey more than 2,500 years ago
Istanbul:

Istanbul
is a primate city:
Geographers describe a location of two ways:
1. Site

2. Situation
Geographic Setting: Ch. 26
Farming, Fishing, and Quality of Life in the Aral Sea
- located in Central Asia, lying
in two countries, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan
- The Aral Sea was first called a sea only because of its great size, not because it was salty
- Until the 1960's the water in the
Aral Sea was
"potable" meaning
drinkable
- The lake has been shrinking
because of
"Salinization," the
process in which water or land
becomes salty or saltier
- Rain, as it hits the ground, picks up some
salt from the soil
- Usually it flows into the ocean, but if it has
nowhere to go, it sits in a body of water and
evaporates, leaving only salt behind= shrinking sea
- The government of the Soviet Union:

- The shrinking of the sea affected
the region's climate

- As the sea shrank, summers became hotter and winters
became colder (LIKE A DESERT)
- It used to be abundant with fish

- Once the fishing industry
collapsed people left

- To restore the sea, WHAT MUST CHANGE?
--Conclusion on p.385 in your book
- Another name for petroleum
- found in the ground and can be
pumped to the surface at reasonable costs
1. Modern transportation 2. Power plants
3. Raw materials used to make plastics and medicines
-
Tiny animals and plants
died at the bottom of the ocean

- Under the weight of earth's oceans, crust, and heat from the Earth's core, they turned into natural gas and oil

- Oil is not distributed equally in
Southwest Asia:
Saudi Arabia has the most
1. U.S.
2. Japan
3. Many countries in Europe
The
"largest and most important city in a country."
- It has twice the population of the next largest city, and sits at the top of the
urban hierarchy


- It is the economic center of Turkey, with
almost two-thirds of the country's industry being located there
- the description of a place based on physical
characteristics
- the position of a place in relation to its surrounding area
Ticket out of the Door
Ch. 24 and 25 L1
1. What political problems exist in the Middle East
because of oil?

2. How does having oil effect a country's economic success?

3. What is a primate city, and how does it effect a country's economy?
The Aral Sea:
How it happens:
- They needed to find a place to grow
cotton, a cash crop
- They decided to plant cotton in the
desert and irrigate it with water from
the Amu and Syr rivers.

-They dammed up the rivers, and
unfortunately less river water made it into the Aral Sea and couldn't help
refill it once water evaporated
= A shrinking sea
Full transcript