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What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic li
Transcript of What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic li
Why do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers?
Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places?
70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
Are we all Africans “under the skin”????
Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light. - Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist
Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
9,000 BCE Earliest Agricultural Settlement at JARMO ( northern Iraq ) wheat
More permanent, settled communities emerged.
Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.
Middle East India Central America China Southeast Asia
8,000 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE
Agriculture developed independently in different parts of the world.
8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE
Hunting/Gathering agricultural production and domestication of animals.
Nomadic lifestyle settled, stationery lifestyle.
Gradual shift from:
10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE
“Neolithic” “New Stone” Age
Lived in caves and tents.
Made clothes from animal skins.
First humans to bury their dead.
Neander Valley, Germany (1856)
created stone tools.
found in East Africa.
HOMO HABILIS ( “Man of Skills” )
An Apposable Thumb
Hominids --> any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans.
4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE
Paleolithic Age: ( Old Stone Age )
2,500,000 BCE to 8,000 BCE
4. 30,000 BCE -- 10,000 BCE
3. 250,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE
2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE
1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE
By 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.
Homo sapiens sapiens ( “Wise, wise human” )
Cro-Magnons ( 40,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE )
Neanderthals ( 200,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE )
HOMO SAPIENS ( “Wise Human Being” )
200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
Cave paintings left behind.
Humans during this period found shelter in caves.
NOMADIC (moving from place to place)
hunting (men) & gathering (women) small bands of 20-30 humans
2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE
“Paleolithic” --> “Old Stone” Age
An obsidian dagger
12 cultivated crops
Engaged in trade
Division of labor
8,000 BCE Largest Early Settlement at Çatal Hüyük ( Modern Turkey ) 6,000 inhabitants
First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )
First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe and Asia.
Larger and more varied tools --> primitive technology
HOMO ERECTUS ( “Upright Human Being” )
1,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE
Origins of Early Humans