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What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic li

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robyn maciel

on 25 August 2014

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Transcript of What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic li

What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic life of hunter-gatherers and the settled life of the farmers?

Why do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers?

Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places?

Çatal Hüyük

70,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE

Are we all Africans “under the skin”????

Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light. - Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist

Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

9,000 BCE  Earliest Agricultural Settlement at JARMO ( northern Iraq )  wheat

More permanent, settled communities emerged.

Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.

Middle East India Central America China Southeast Asia

8,000 BCE 7,000 BCE 6,500 BCE 6,000 BCE 5,000 BCE

SLASH-AND-BURN Farming

Agriculture developed independently in different parts of the world.

8,000 BCE – 5,000 BCE

Hunting/Gathering  agricultural production and domestication of animals.

Nomadic lifestyle  settled, stationery lifestyle.

Gradual shift from:

10,000 BCE – 4,000 BCE

“Neolithic”  “New Stone” Age

Early Hut/Tent

NEANDERTHALS

Lived in caves and tents.

Made clothes from animal skins.

First humans to bury their dead.

Neander Valley, Germany (1856)

NEANDERTHALS:

created stone tools.

found in East Africa.

HOMO HABILIS ( “Man of Skills” )

An Apposable Thumb

Australopithecines

Hominids --> any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans.

4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE

Paleolithic Age: ( Old Stone Age )
2,500,000 BCE to 8,000 BCE

4. 30,000 BCE -- 10,000 BCE

3. 250,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE

2. 1,500,000 BCE -- 250,000 BCE

1. 4,000,000 BCE – 1,000,000 BCE

WHY???

By 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.

Homo sapiens sapiens ( “Wise, wise human” )

CRO-MAGNONs:

Cro-Magnons ( 40,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE )

Neanderthals ( 200,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE )

HOMO SAPIENS ( “Wise Human Being” )

200,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE

Purpose??

Cave paintings left behind.

Humans during this period found shelter in caves.

Made tools

NOMADIC (moving from place to place)

hunting (men) & gathering (women)  small bands of 20-30 humans

2,500,000 BCE – 10,000 BCE

“Paleolithic” --> “Old Stone” Age

An obsidian dagger

12 cultivated crops

Small military

Organized religion

Engaged in trade

Division of labor

8,000 BCE  Largest Early Settlement at Çatal Hüyük ( Modern Turkey )  6,000 inhabitants

BIPEDALISM

First to use fire ( 500,000 BCE )

First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe and Asia.

Larger and more varied tools --> primitive technology

HOMO ERECTUS ( “Upright Human Being” )

1,6000,000 BCE – 30,000 BCE

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Development
of Agriculture

Advanced

Technology

Record-

Keeping

Complex

Institutions

Specialized

Workers

Advanced

Cities

Origins of Early Humans
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