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SSWH6 Project

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by

Zachary Hollifield

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of SSWH6 Project

SSWH6 Project
a. Identify the Bantu migration patterns and contribution to settled agriculture.
b. Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai); include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.
c. Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities.
d. Analyze the process of religious syncretism as a blending of traditional African beliefs with new ideas from Islam and Christianity.

b. Describe the development and decline of the Sudanic kingdoms (Ghana, Mali, Songhai); include the roles of Sundiata, and the pilgrimage of Mansa Musa to Mecca.
c. Describe the trading networks by examining trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and slaves; include the Swahili trading cities.
Trans-Saharan Trade
The rise of the Ghana Empire caused the increase in trans-Saharan trade
Mediterranean economies didn't have gold but could supply salt to trade
Countries like Wangara had plenty of gold but didn't have salt
Large numbers of Africans were sent north to serve as slaves
6,000 to 7,000 slaves were transported north each year
As many as nine million slaves were exported total
Trade goods were slaves, kola nuts, slave beads, and cowry shells
Swahili Trading Cities
Kilwa became an important Swahili town by tapping into the gold trade of the Zimbabwe Plateau
Sofala was later used the gold trade further south.
Ghana
Ghana was the first great Sudanic trading empire
It was founded by Soninke peoples
At about 800 Ghana was a wealthy kingdom
It reached its peak in the mid-1000s
The empire declined when the Almoravids gained control of the Saharan trade routes and parts of the Sudan
Survived until the 1200s, but never regained its former power
The remnants of Ghana and founded the empire of Mali
Mali
Its height was in the 1300s
Mali stretched from the Atlantic coast in the west into the Sahara in the northeast
The Berbers of the Sahara region served in Mali's armies
Most famous of Mali's rulers was Mansa Musa
He formed the Islamic character of Mali
He also expanded the empire to its greatest size
In 1325 he passed through Egypt, where the people of Cairo loved his wealth and generosity.
In the 1300s Mali had lost its political influence over the Sahara
a. Identify the Bantu migration patterns and contribution to settled agriculture.
Started in the region of modern Cameroon & Eastern Nigeria
Began about 3,000 years ago
Part of the Bantu went east into Eastern Africa and others went south along the African coast of Gaboo, Democratic Rebublic of the Congo & Angola.
The expansion eventually reached South Africa
They believe the expansion was caused by the development of agriculture
Bantu Migration was one of the largest in human history.
Bantu passed down new techniques of agriculture to they lands they occupied
They passed down the method of iron working
They also shared ideas about social & political organization.
Songhai
In the 1400s Songhai (the last of the Sudanic empires) rose in power
Sunni Ali gradually gained control of a large area around the middle Niger River
Songhai had the most power in the 1500s
In 1591 Morocco conquered Songhai
This brought Sudanic empires to an end
d. Analyze the process of religious syncretism as a blending of traditional African beliefs with new ideas from Islam and Christianity.
Syncretism of African Beliefs with Islam/Christianity
African churches show an blend of Protestant and traditional African beliefs
People say that syncretism suggests an 'impure' form of Christianity used to maintain older cultural practices and beliefs.
An example of syncretism in Africa is the Zion Christian Church of South Africa
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