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Transcript of Intrapersonal Communication
This Johari Window model diagram is an example of a member of a new team or a person who is new to an existing team.
The open free region is small because others know little about the new person.
Similarly the blind area is small because others know little about the new person.
The hidden or avoided issues and feelings are a relatively large area.
In this particular example the unknown area is the largest, which might be because the person is young, or lacking in self-knowledge or belief.
Johari window model –
Example for new team member or member within a new team
A team which understands itself - that is, each person having a strong mutual understanding with the team - is far more effective than a team which does not understand each other- that is, whose members have large hidden, blind, and/or unknown areas.
Team members - and leaders - should always be striving to increase their open free areas, and to reduce their blind, hidden and unknown areas.
This Johari Window model diagram is an example of increasing the open area , by reduction of the blind area, which would normally be achieved through the process of asking for and then receiving feedback.
Feedback develops the open area by reducing the blind area.
The open area can also be developed through the process of disclosure, which reduces the hidden area.
The unknown area can be reduced in different ways: by others' observation (which increases the blind area); by self-discovery (which increases the hidden area), or by mutual enlightenment - typically via group experiences and discussion - which increases the open area as the unknown area reduces.
example increasing open area through feedback solicitation
Open: Adjectives that are selected by both the participant and his or her peers are placed into the Open quadrant. This quadrant represents traits of the subjects that both they and their peers are aware of.
Hidden: Adjectives selected only by subjects, but not by any of their peers, are placed into the Hidden quadrant, representing information about them their peers are unaware of. It is then up to the subject to disclose this information or not.
Blind Spot: Adjectives that are not selected by subjects but only by their peers are placed into the Blind Spot quadrant. These represent information that the subject is not aware of, but others are, and they can decide whether and how to inform the individual about these "blind spots".
Unknown: Adjectives that were not selected by either subjects or their peers remain in the Unknown quadrant, representing the participant's behaviors or motives that were not recognized by anyone participating. This may be because they do not apply or because there is collective ignorance of the existence of these traits.
The Johari window is a technique created by Joseph Luft and Harrington Ingham in 1955 in the United States, used to help people better understand their relationship with self and others. It is used primarily in self-help groups and corporate settings as a heuristic exercise.
This Johari Window model diagram is an example of an established member of a team.
The open free region is large because others know a lot about the person that the person also knows.
Through the processes of disclosure and receiving feedback the open area has expanded and at the same time reduced the sizes of the hidden, blind and unknown areas.
Johari window example - established team member
FEEDBACK- reaction of the listener to the message given by the speaker.
Types of feedbacks:
- occurs when you hear yourself
- happens physically
Feedback completes the communication cycle.
LIFE ORIENTATION- process interacts with all other processes.
Contributes to your development
TRANSMISSION- process of sending messages through a medium. The transmission may be through brain cells or nerve impulses.
SYMBOL ENCODING- the process of putting an idea into words or gestures that convey the meaning to a listener.
The important and final step in the transmission of the message.
INCUBATION- the process of thinking and collecting information which can be associated with the present.
-A touch of new ideas added to old ones for the sake of clarity and information is worth waiting for.
“the longer the preparation, the better the result”
If you do not go through this process, you can commit the error of speaking without weighing your ideas first.
By: Wiseman and Barker
- They are received by one of the sensory organs which are transmitted to the brain. Usually these are received by the communication at a conscious level.
- These are external stimuli received by the individual at sub-conscious level.
- These are received from sources other than the communication.
They are classified into OVERT and COVERT.
- are nerve impulses received by the brain as a result of the psychological and physiological state of the body.
Masculinity, Femininity and Androgyny
Stereotypes of Self-fulfilling Prophecies
Stereotypes of Self-fulfilling Prophecies
Stereotypes can do more than simply shape perceptions. They can actually create conditions that lead to their own confirmation through a process known as the self-fulfilling prophecy.
The self-fulfilling prophecy is a potent force in communication and it happens at most times anywhere. To a great extent, we are what we believe we are.
Two Kinds of Self-fulfilling Prophecies:
1.) Own expectation affect your behavior.
2.) Someone else’s expectations affect your behavior.
Self-fulfilling Prophecy is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself, due to positive feedback between belief and behavior.
Self-fulfilling Prophecies and the Self.