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Transcript of Realism
2. The purpose of writing is to instruct and to entertain.
3. Realism is drawn from one’s own experience.
4. The morality of Realism is natural, and true,-relations between people and society are explored.
5.Realism is more about the common, the non-extreme, the representative, the probable.
6. Emphasis on scenic presentation. There is an objection towards the omniscient point of view. Art •At the heart of realist paintings is the truthful portrayal of typical objects, events and people.
•Realist paintings tend to resonate strongly with many people because of their honest depiction of life as it exists.
•Realism paints real life in all its flawed glory, treating familiar objects, everyday people, and ordinary events as worthy subjects of realism art.
•Critics dismiss realism paintings for sacrificing beauty for exactitude and replacing conceptual integrity in favor of in-your-face reality. ART INFORMATION. Adjoining literary Period Bibliography 1.López, Jesús Ángel. "Literature in English (UNICAN): ENGLISH REALISM: THE VICTORIAN ERA (1837-1901)." Literature in English (UNICAN): ENGLISH REALISM: THE VICTORIAN ERA (1837-1901). Blogger, 10 Dec. 2009. Web. 01 Sept. 2012. <http://literatureinenglishunican.blogspot.com/2009/12/english-realism-victorian-era-1837-1901.html>.
2.Carter, Everett. Howells and the Age of Realism . Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1954.
Chase, Richard. The American Novel and Its Tradition. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1957
3."The Literature of an Expanding Nation." The Harper American Literature. Donald McQuade, editor. New York: Harper & Row, 1987
4."American Realism: 1865- 1910." The. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Sept. 2012. <http://www.westga.edu/~mmcfar/worksheet%20on%20American%20Realism.htm>.
5."The Literature Network: Online Classic Literature, Poems, and Quotes. Essays & Summaries." The Literature Network: Online Classic Literature, Poems, and Quotes. Essays & Summaries. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Sept. 2012. <http://www.online-literature.com/>.
6."Realism Art | Art Realism | Realism Paintings." Realism Art | Art Realism | Realism Paintings. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Sept. 2012. <http://www.starrabbott.com/article-realism-paintings.htm>.
15.http://public.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/james.htm (1835-1910) an American humorist, lecturer, essayist, and author. He despised slavery and violence. This contributed to his authentic realistic novels, depicted on humor and wit in prolific speech and language causing his books to be banned.
The Innocents Abroad (1869)
Life on the Mississippi (1883)
The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) WELCOME HOME Effect of Science Realism today:
Modern realism began as a serious field of research in the United States during and after World War II. This evolution was partly fueled by European war migrants Characteristics
of works written Time Period: Realism is a literary movement that started in France in the 1850s as a reaction against Romanticism. It tried to show "life as it was" in literature all over Europe and enventually America. The period was full of upheaval. A literary civil war raged on between the romantics and the realists. History art Science Literature Begin in the late 19th century Science Context By: Historical Context Realism had a great impact in France, Russia, England and America; each of these nations experienced major political and social upheavals as well as periods of relative stability and liberal social reform. Radha Patel
A3 Hypothesized that man is the product of evolution, Man is special not because God created him in His image. Published The Origin of Species, Scientists used realism to view that the world, described by science, is real. Scientific realism can be viewed as a solution to a question. but because man had successfully adapted to changing environmental conditions.
and had passed on his survival-making characteristics to his descendants. Changes in Thinking brought changes in society. the age of realism marked the end of the civil war 1865-1920 Goal of Science during Realism:
The aim of science is to provide a true description of the observable part of the world only. The Civil War
The urbanization and industrialization of America
As a reaction to Romanticism
Increasing rates of democracy and literacy
The emerging middle class
Upheaval and social change in the latter half of the 19th century Why did Realism develop? “Nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of material. “ William Dean Howells Romanticism tended to show the romantic English countryside, bright-light scenes of the rural life, and beautiful women. The Victorian style was a celebration of romance and passion in a newly industrialized society. But realism tried to focus on the reality and tended to show things as they were and did not “romanticize things. A Reaction against Romanticism •The main difference between realism and naturalism is that realism represents things as they are, w/out embellishment, while naturalism represents things as they might be, suggesting improvement of what they really are. Naturalism: A Harsher Realism Man has no direct control over who he is.
His fate is determined by outside forces that can be discovered through scientific inquiry;
Humans respond to environmental forces and internal stresses and drives, none of which can be fully controlled or understood
People are driven by fundamental urges like fear, hunger, sex
The world is a “competitive jungle” --> Darwinism Ideas of Scientific Realism The movement was strong for about another 30 years after that. Realism has been seen in art as early as 2400 B.C. Many famous realist artists come from France or other Dutch countries. These artists wanted to show everyday life and how people really are instead of them just modeling. Time Frame The Emancipation Proclamation and 13th Amendment had abolished slavery
The industrial North had defeated the agrarian South
Social order grew based on mass labor and mass consumption;
Steam power replaced water power
Machines replaced hand labor
The Industrial Revolution had begun Start of Realism:
The end of the Civil War Changes: Authors and Literary Works Modernism was influenced by Realist concepts:
the period was marked by breaks with traditional ways of viewing /interacting with the world.
•Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were discouraged.
•Modernism was set in motion through a series of cultural shocks beginning with World War 1 (1914-1918). Modernism The American Civil War greatly enhanced the moral values of people and the authenticity of what was real and happening. This realism movement exerted a huge impact in literature such as the social and political major changes as well as stability and reform. The shift from romantic idealism to realism provided an alteration of character production and subject matter. Realism take on the middle-class regimen that was actually happening, the reality of the world and how it was. The upcoming or uprising of which affected realism is a reaction against romanticism which is the telling of a novel in scientific method, the study of documentary history, and even the influence of rational philosophy. Mark Twain (1811-1896) a American author, social reformer, and philanthropist. Due to her mother being a preacher who spoke against slavery and encouraged education, Stowe devoted herself to reading and studying. When she first-handedly experienced slavery she learned all about the cruelty’s, enhancing her to write of realism.
Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852)
The American Woman’s Home (1869)
The Poor Life (1890) Harriet Beecher Stowe (1843-1916) an American born English essayist, critic, and author of the realism movement. He wrote in the hopes that his writing would influence freedom in which people view the world. His writing explores that of perception and consciousness along with his theatrical works which enhance his novels.
The Portrait of a Lady (1881)
The Turn of the Screw (1898)
The Ambassadors (1903) Henry James (1819-1880) a English author, journalist, translator, and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era. George Elliot is just a pen name to ensure that Mary Ann is taken seriously within her works. Her desire to remove herself from stereotypes, religion, and self-education induced her to write.
The Mill on the Floss (1860)
Middlemarch (1871) George Elliot