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Robotics and Automation

Presentation for MMS112.

Mark Anthony Pena

on 5 March 2013

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Transcript of Robotics and Automation

Robotics and Automation Mark Anthony Peña MMS 112 - Multimedia and Society Definitions Automation Autonomy Robot Robotics 1. the technique, method, or system of operating or controlling a process by highly automatic means, as by electronic devices, reducing human intervention to a minimum.
2. a mechanical device, operated electronically, that functions automatically, without continuous input from an operator.
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Automation Ability of a system to perform successfully for extended
periods without human intervention. a : a machine that looks like a human being and performs various complex acts (as walking or talking) of a human being;

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/robot Technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots in automation
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/robot Features Mobility Sensing Intelligence Applications Manufacturing Medicine / Surgery Space Exploration Waste Management Domotics / Home Automation Pets / Companionship Issues Job Security Safety Robots in Pop Culture Wall-E Terminator A.I. I,Robot Scooba - tile cleaning Roomba - vacuum cleaning robot Looj - gutter cleaning http://www.impactlab.net/2008/02/25/robotic-dogs-work-well-in-nursing-homes/ “There is a lot of loneliness in nursing homes and animal-assisted therapy – whether from a dog or a robot – is one answer for addressing that,” Dr. William Banks
Geriatric Medicine Professor
St Louis University http://www.kcrg.com/news/local/Automated-Garbage-Trucks-Hitting-Cedar-Rapids-Streets-181070351.html Within the coming week, Cedar Rapids Solid Waste will have an entire fleet of seven new, fully automated garbage trucks in service. Each truck, costing about $250,000, will have a single driver and operator with no extra workers riding along to load the garbage. Solid waste officials said going to a fully automated system will eliminate nine jobs over the next few years through attrition. http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1588977&show=html BMW has integrated three of its production facilities with those of three major component suppliers to produce a finished vehicle KUKA Robotics is one of the leading supplier of industrial robots and robotic systems http://www.kuka-robotics.com/en/products/ "Surgeons practice using the "da Vinci" robotic surgical system, which is used to repair torn heart valves without having to open an incision in the patient's chest." http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-28/intuitive-surgical-robots-probed-by-u-s-in-survey-of-surgeons.html http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/18/business/single-incision-surgery-via-new-robotic-systems.html Now there are robotic systems that are even less intrusive. They require only a single, small incision through which the robotic arms and camera enter. http://travel.nytimes.com/2011/08/15/opinion/cheap-robots-vs-cheap-labor.html?_r=0 "...as robots take over more work, the millions trapped in the countryside will have even fewer opportunities." http://trueslant.com/courtneymyers/2009/11/26/this-thanksgiving-ask-grandma-if-she-wants-a-robot/ “The CareBot will follow Grandma like a pet dog and tell her jokes, talk about her favorite TV shows and read her favorite bible verses,” http://marsrover.nasa.gov/overview/ The Mars Exploration Rover mission is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term effort of robotic exploration of the red planet. Reliability "If every tool, when ordered, or even of its own accord, could do the work that befits it... then there would be no need either of or of slaves for the lords.” apprentices for the master workers Aristotle, 322 B.C. http://www.economist.com/node/7001829 IN 1981 Kenji Urada, a 37-year-old Japanese factory worker, climbed over a safety fence at a Kawasaki plant to carry out some maintenance work on a robot. In his haste, he failed to switch the robot off properly. Unable to sense him, the robot's powerful hydraulic arm kept on working and accidentally pushed the engineer into a grinding machine. http://www.space.com/20034-mars-rover-curiosity-computer-glitch.html A computer glitch on NASA's Mars rover Curiosity has forced the robot to switch to a backup computer while engineers try to resolve the problem. If robots have emotions, are they considered human? If they can think for themselves, will they take over the human race? Could they be useful enough to make us lazy? or could they be programmed to kill humans? Module 13 Robotics Disciplines Navigation Manipulation Computer Vision Artificial Intelligence "any process in which the lower functions of a human operator – both physical and mental – are taken over by self acting devices"
Robert Macmillan, 1956
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