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Mackenzie P

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Macromolecules

Elements that make up carbohydrates:
The monomer that makes up carbohydrates is glucose. Glucose is a simple sugar that is an important energy source.
The polymers that make up carbohydrates are glycogen, starch, and cellulose. Glycogen is a polymer that is secured in bodily tissues. Starch is found mostly in plant tissue, and consumed mostly from potatoes and cereal. Cellulose is mainly found in vegetable fibers or plant cell walls.
Monomers and Polymers
Foods that have carbohydrates
There are many foods that contain macromolecules. Three examples of foods that contain these are, fruits, potatoes, and cookies.
How does the body use carbohydrates?
The body uses carbohydrates to supply energy. This happens when carbohydrates are broken down into glucose and are then absorbed into the blood stream. The glucose is then used to produce energy to go through everyday life functions.
What would happen?
If you didn't have carbohydrates in your body, you wouldn't die. But, in order to obtain energy, you would have to eat a lot of proteins and fats. You also would need to obtain glucose. To do this you would need to eat coconut oil, as this can replace sugar.
Elements that make up Lipids:
Sometimes Phosphorus
Monomers and Polymers
The monomer that makes up lipids is fatty acids. Fatty acids are the building blocks of fat in our bodies. When they enter our bloodstream, they store energy.
The polymer of lipids is triglycerides. Triglycerides are a group of three fatty acids put together.

Foods that contain Lipids:
A few examples of foods that contain Lipids are, milk, nuts, and baked goods.
How does the body use Lipids?
The body uses lipids constantly. It uses lipids to provide energy, structure some cell membranes, protect organs, and to combine vitamins and hormones. The polymer trigylceride surrounds organs and gives them protection.
What would happen?
If your body didn't contain lipids, you wouldn't be consuming any fats. Fats are healthy for you too. They supply energy and protect your organs. If lipids weren't in your body, you would lose energy and physical movement would become slow. We wouldn't have the energy to burn other foods.
Interesting Facts
One interesting fact about carbohydrates is that when carbohydrates are not turned into energy, they are stored into fat cells. which is why too many carbohydrates isn't healthy.
Another interesting fact about carbohydrates is that if you only consumed simple/refined carbohydrates, you would become impatient, or restless because you aren't comsuming enough carbohydrates to supply enough energy.
Interesting Facts
An interesting fact about lipids, is that they don't mix well or dissolve in water. Another interesting fact is, that lipid imbalanced has caused diseases in millions of people. An example of this is high cholesterol, which is the number one killer of Americans.
Nucleic Acids
Elements that make up proteins:
sometimes sulfur
Monomers and Polymers
The monomer of proteins is amino acid. Amino acids put together into chains are called polypeptides. Polypeptides are the polymer of lipids.
Foods that contain proteins:
Proteins can be found in a ton of different foods. Some of these foods include fish, cheese,and eggs. There are many other foods though.
How does the body use proteins?
The body uses proteins all the time for many different things. A few examples of what the body uses proteins for are making DNA, turning food and oxygen into energy, and transporting nutrients into cells. Every cell needs certain proteins to function. For example, fat cells use proteins to take in fat, store fat, and digest fat. Proteins are a necessity.
What would happen?
If you were to not have any proteins in your being, you would eventually die. This is because all your cells need proteins to function. Without proteins, they cannot function.
Interesting Facts
There any many interesting facts about proteins. Two of these facts are, the only thing more plentiful in your body than protein is water. Proteins are very important in life. The other interesting fact is, that if we didn't have the protein Albumin, the entire human body would swell.
Elements that make up Nucleic Acids:
Monomers and Polymers
Nucleic acids contain multiple monomers. Nucleic acids are polymers. A monomer of nucleic acids is nucleotide. The polymers would be DNA and RNA. DNA makes up our genetics, while RNA carries instructions from DNA.
How does the body use nucleic acids?
The main role of nucleic acids in our bodies is to relate to the encoding of genetic information, and help the production of proteins.
What would happen?
If you didn't have nucleic acids in your body, you wouldn't be able to encode genetic information. This would completely mess up your genetics. Also, you would have a harder time producing proteins without nucleic acids.
Interesting Facts
One interesting fact about nucleic acids is that there is only about .1% difference between DNA in humans. One other interesting fact is chimpanzee DNA is 98.5% similar to a human's.
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