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Martin Luther King Jr.

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Kofi Agyeman

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of Martin Luther King Jr.

Education and Spiritual Prosperity
Role in Civil Rights Movement
Awards and Recognitions
SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference)
The March on Washington
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was born to Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia.
His grandfather and father were pastors of the Ebenezer Baptist Church.
Martin Luther King Sr. was known to resent racial prejudice; impacted Martin Luther King Jr.'s life.
In 1936, Martin Jr. was baptized however, very little impression.

The Young King Jr.
Born: Michael King Jr.
1929 - 1968
Baptist Minister and Civil Rights Activist

March 2, 1955, Claudette Colvin (15) refused to give up her seat to a white man and she was arrested (Jim Crow Laws). However, she was pregnant and unmarried so Martin Jr. decided to wait for a better case.
December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks (42) was arrested for not giving her seat.
E.D. Nixon and Martin Jr. were members of the executive committee of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) and met with other civil rights leaders to arrange a citywide bus boycott.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. Beliefs
Attended T.Brooker Washington high school. Exceptionally smart and mature.
Martin Jr. skipped grades 9 and 11 and attended Morehouse College at 15.
He started questioning his religion and feeling uncomfortable with religious worship throughout his adolescent years, hindering him from becoming a minister.
He took a bible class and modernized his faith and started to anticipate his career as a minister.

The Young King Jr.
Education & Spiritual Prosperity
Martin Jr. did incredibly well in his studies, became valedictorian and was elected study body president.
1948, Martin Jr. earned a sociology degree from Morehouse and attended liberal Crozer Theological seminary in Pennsylvania.
He was strongly influenced by theologian Reinhold Niebbuhr; who became Martin Jr.'s mentor and was very influential for his spiritual and academic development.
Education & Spiritual Prosperity
He got accepted into many colleges: Yale, Edinburgh (Scotland) but enrolled in Boston University.
While in Boston, he met Coretta Scott. Married on June 1953.
Still working for his P.h.D., he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery, Alabama in 1954.
Completed P.h.D and awarded his degree in 1955, only 25 years of age.
Montgomery Bus
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Martin Jr. elected to lead boycott and as group president he declared a speech.
Boycott lasted 385 days and the circumstances became so stressful that Martin Jr.’s house was bombed and he was arrested. However, it concluded with a United States District Court requiring segregation on buses that ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses.
The boycott transformed him into a national figure and best-known spokesman of the civil rights movement.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
1957, Martin Jr. and other civil rights activists founded the organization, SCLC, to harness the organizing power of black churches to conduct non-violent protests.
Martin Jr. led the SCLC until death.
They wanted to allow African Americans to have a voice by voting.
Gandhi's act of non-violent protests inspired him.
1960, he went back to Atlanta and became co-pastor with his father but still continued his civil rights endeavor.
Letter From Birmingham
April 16, 1963
-King was jailed for leading anti-segregation protests in Birmingham.
-King focuses on telling the African Americans that they had the right to disobey unjust laws.
-He also stresses non-violence.
I Have a Dream
August 28, 1963
- "I Have A Dream" is considered one of the most influential speeches in American history.
- King gave this speech at the March on Washington, in front of the Lincoln Memorial and over 250,000 people
Nobel Prize Acceptance
December 10, 1964
- King won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964
- He stressed that the prize showed that non-violence was the answer to political problems
-Martin Luther King Jr., at 35, was the youngest person to receive a Nobel Peace Prize.
-King donated all his prize money to advancement of the civil rights movement.
Beyond Vietnam
April 4, 1967
- King was very opposed to the Vietnam war. This speech was made to voice his concerns.
- King points out that America strives to solve problems in other countries when America could not practice justice within its own borders.
I've Been To The Mountaintop
April 3, 1968
- King gave this speech at the Memphis garbage strike which was sparked by the death of two black garbage collectors
- King urged the African Americans to move forward and press for equal rights, no matter what.
- King was assassinated the very next day.
The March On Washington
August 1963
- Was originally to display the wishes of the African American community in front of the seat of power, Washington D.C
- Was changed to show harmony between both the black and white communities by request of President John Kennedy.
- More than 250,00 people attended even in front of the Lincoln Memorial where "I Have a Dream" was given.
- September 20, 1958, Izola Curry attempted to murder Martin Jr. while signing books since she thought he was conspiring against her.

- Malcolm X disagreed with the unrealistic message of racial harmony displayed and called it "The Farce on Washington"
- In 1941, his grandmother died and he jumped out of his second story window
Martin Luther King Jr.'s Beliefs
He believed that everyone should be equal with one another
No one should be treated differently by the colour of their skin
Everyone should have the freedom to do whatever they desire
Martin Luther King Jr.
Created by:
Kofi Agyeman
Anton Dinh
Tony Nguyen
Louis Tran
Martin Luther King Jr. Assassination
The legacy
1968, Martin Jr. was becoming distressed and discouraged at the gradual movement of the civil rights in America.
On April 4, 1968 while standing outside on the balcony of the Lorraine hotel, Martin Jr. was shot by a sniper.
The shooter was James Earl Ray.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s
Role in Civil Rights Movement
Martin Luther King, even years after his death, is recognized as one of the greatest speakers of the civil rights movement and one of the most influential people of all times. The third Monday of January was made a holiday in honour of him.
He paved the way to the realization that all men are in fact "created equal". And he was a prime example of standing up for what you believe, even until death.
1964 - Nobel Peace Prize
1965- American Liberties Medallion
1977- Presidential Medal of Freedom (posthumous)
Voted 2nd most admired person in the 20th century.
Along with 12 other awards and honours
He set an example
His popularity
His Speech
He invested himself heavily into the civil rights movement and ultimately gave his life for it.
Full transcript