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Music Can Help Multimedia Installation

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Elena Siani

on 28 July 2014

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Transcript of Music Can Help Multimedia Installation

The Longwood Symphony Orchestra is an ensemble made up of physicians, medical students, residents, and other healthcare professionals from the premier hospitals in Boston. Each performance benefits a charitable organization chosen by orchestra members.
The Mayo Clinic Humanities in Medicine initiative brings live music performances to patients several times a week.
“Physiologically, it’s perfectly plausible that music would affect not only psychiatric conditions but also endocrine, autonomic and autoimmune disorders. I can’t say music is a pill to abolish these diseases. But my vision is that we can come up with things to help. … Music has no side effects, or no harmful ones.”
-Stefan Koelsch, Senior Research Fellow in neurocognition of music and language at the University of Sussex
“If music can heal the souls of people then of course it can heal the bodies.” -Vera Brandes, Director, Research Program Music Medicine, Paracelsus Medical Private University, Salzburg.
I Medici di McGill ("Physicians of McGill") Orchestra is made up of staff and students of the Faculty of Medicine at McGill University. They perform at university events and for hospitalized patients in the Montreal area.
The Center for Performing Arts Medicine at the Methodist Hospital in Houston, Texas provides superior preventative, diagnostic, specialty, and emergency care for performing artists. The Center invests in research on the arts in medicine and therapy. In addition, the Center has hosted 45 in-house concerts in the past year for patients, visitors, and staff.
SUNY Upstate will be the first and only academic training site in New York for certification in the national Music for Healing and Transition Program, which is accredited by the National Standards Board of Therapeutic Musicians.

- Music as Medicine: incorporating music into standard hospital care. Vera Brandes
“Barring some genetic condition, every single human being is born with the capacity to appreciate music, and so it comes with the software of being human.”
–-Anthony Brandt, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Composition and Theory, Rice University Shepherd School; host, Music Exploring the Mind through Music Conference
Mission Statement:
To research the interactions between music and healthcare, human performance, science, and technology; to share this acquired knowledge through curriculum, research, and practical application; and to develop this innovative interdisciplinary study at Cornell University.
Our Independent Study team has been collecting and reviewing articles this summer, under the guidance of Prof. Neal Zaslaw. This process will continue during Fall semester to make way for research in Spring 2013. Stay tuned!
Introducing Music Can Help to the Cornell Community: Concert September 9th at 1:30 pm in Lincoln B20
All papers collected by the students on the summer independent study team. For more on our Independent Study, check out the At Cornell section!
"Every new study that corroborates the positive effects of music interventions in hospitals adds urgency to the general question as to how music can be implemented in standard daily clinical practice."
Robert Gupta, a violinist in the Los Angeles Symphony, created the nonprofit Street Symphony, a musical group "dedicated to delivering the tremendous therapeutic power of live classical music to mentally ill individuals" in Los Angeles' poorest communities.
"...Some health care systems have initiated hospitalwide campaigns, with names like "Shhh" (Silent Hospitals Help Healing), "Hush" (Help Us Support Healing) or simply "Too Loud," that institute mandatory quiet times, designate noise reduction teams to encourage compliance and use sound meters...."
"While it has been demonstrated that arousing music can increase emotionally induced arousal and subsequently enhance memory strength, the neuromodulation theory also implies that relaxing music should also be capable of countering emotionally induced arousal and consolidation of emotional memory."
Relaxing music counters heightened consolidation of emotional memory.
Nikki S. Rickard, Wendy Wing Wong, Lauren Velik
"Attending to pleasant stimuli occupies the capacity of the information processing system, disabling the individual
from fully attending to the pain-causing stimulus. Music
therapy can help to reduce pain and relieve chemotherapy induced
nausea and vomiting."
Effect of music therapy for patients with cancer pain. Raji Kaliyaperumal, Jaya Gowri Subash
"Clinical research into Rhythmic Auditory Stimulation (RAS) - a neurological therapy which uses music as a cue to regulate body movement - has demonstrated how it can help with gait problems in people suffering from acquired brain injury."
Thought-provoking technology makes music with mind power
"Evidence shows that this symbolic rehearsal of a motor task in the 'mind’s eye' (before actually performing it) not only enhances end-performance, but also in some situations, can be even more effective than physical practice."
"Severe methodological limitations prevent firm conclusions being drawn on the effects of MP on performance or even its application to surgery."
Mental Practice Enhances Surgical Technical Skills: A Randomized Controlled Study
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A study of music listening in the workplace of computer information systems developers found that music increased state positive affect, or positive feelings, at work. This in turn enhanced quality of work on creative tasks and decreased the amount of time needed to complete a task. Study participants also reported the value of the experience, citing "positive mood change and enhanced perception on design while working." (2)
"Our research is motivated by the extremely limited opportunities for active participation in music making available for people with severe physical disability, despite advances in technology. For example, severe brain injury, spinal cord injury and Locked-in Syndrome result in weak, minimal, or no active movement, which therefore prevent the use of gesture-based devices. These patient groups are currently either excluded from music recreation and therapy or are left to engage in a less active manner through listening/receptive methods only."
"[The BCMI] method has proved successful because one can almost immediately produce musical notes with very little, or no training, simply by looking intently at the different icons of the Stimuli Engine, as if playing a piano by depressing its keys at will. As one learns to modulate the extent to which s/he is attending the icons, more sophisticated musical control can be achieved, as if learning to play a musical instrument: the more one practices the better one becomes at it." (4)
Music Can Help is a new initiative in the Cornell University Department of Music that studies the interdisciplinary intersections of music, healthcare, human performance, design and technology.

Click to play interview with Vera Brandes! http://www.loc.gov/podcasts/musicandthebrain/podcast_brandes.html
Click to play interview with Profs. Anthony Brandt and Suzanne Lemmer of Rice University's Shepherd School of Music. http://www.thefrontrow.org/articles/1308412411-Exploring-the-Mind-through-Music.html

Community Conversations Program:
Promotes community-wide dialogue among today’s experts in the arts and sciences

Crossing the Corpus Callosum:
Day-long symposium combining musical performances with lectures on arts and healing (2009, 2011)
The Arts & Medicine Institute at the Cleveland Clinic is designed to integrate the visual arts, music, performing arts and research to foster healing and to enhance the lives of patients, families, visitors and employees.
Healing Art of Music Program:
Celebrates 20th anniversary this year and has raised over $1,000,000

LSO On Call:
Brings free chamber music directly to patients across Massachusetts in hospital wards, rehabilitation centers, and health care facilities
Dr. Daniel J. Levitin a musician, producer, author, neuroscientist, and professor, runs McGill University's Laboratory for Music Perception and Expertise. It focuses on the cognitive neuroscience of music perception (how people listen to music), cognition (how music is organized in the memory), and expertise (how people master an instrument or composition). Many of the studies look at populations with neurogenetic impairments such as Autism and Down Syndrome.
Prostate biopsies are anxiety-inducing procedures for most men. A recent study randomly divided a sample of 88 patients scheduled for this procedure among three groups to compare pain and anxiety levels: noise canceling headphones, noise canceling headphones playing classical music, and a control group with no headphones. Baseline levels of perceived pain and anxiety were taken and compared with those taken after the procedure. Men who had been listening to music displayed and reported lower levels of pain than those who had noise-canceling headphones without any music or those who had no headphones at all. These results suggest that music can have a significant effect on pain management, an area on which many hospitals are now focusing. (1)
Mayo Clinic Rochester has implemented a Healing Enhancement program to alleviate the pain and anxiety patients face daily. This program includes music therapy among other complementary and alternative remedies.
Alive Inside is a documentary about the power that music has in awakening the memories of patients with Alzheimer's and dementia.
Dr. Charles Limb, a surgeon and musician, inserts cochlear implants and hopes to create a device that allows users to experience the beauty of music.
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What is

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Programs in Practice
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Full transcript