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Transcript of Narrative Writing
Roll a Story
Roll a dice to get the basis of your story, and then write for a few minutes.
Narrative Writing Chant
The Genre of Stories
Stories and narratives have a unique structure and style. The following are elements are key to instruction.
Point of View
most basic aspect of plot
Tension or opposition between forces in the plot
throughout the story the conflict grows and develops
This can add another dimension to character and plot development
This can add to the story or not matter at all
Time of Day & Passage of Time
Past, Present, & Future
The author provides a physical description of a character to help the reader visualize
Authors provide details regarding a characters action to add to development and plot
This shows the importance of what the character says and how they say it.
Helps the reader understand how the characters think
Explicit vs. Implicit Themes
Point of View
First Person Viewpoint
The story is told through the eyes of one character.
The reader knows everything through the thought process of each individual character
Limited Omniscient Viewpoint
The reader only hears the thoughts of characters as the author reveals the information to them
The reader gains information as characters hear or see it happening, and cannot find out information otherwise
Describes the setting
Presents a problem
Creates road blocks to keep characters from solving the problem
Learn whether the character's struggles are successful.
4 Forms of Conflict
1. Between a Character and Nature
2. Between a Character and Society
3. Between Characters
4. Within a Character
Four steps of Plot Development
1. A problem arises that introduces
2. Characters face roadblocks as they
attempt to solve the problem
3. The height of the story appears as the
characters are about to solve the problem.
4. The characters have overcome the
roadblocks and solved the problem
Suggested through characters' actions, words, and thoughts
Stated openly throughout the story
using metaphors and similes to add another view or perspective to something
An over-exaggeration of the truth to make it obvious
Descriptive language to have readers use their imagination to paint the picture
The author gives an animal or object human qualities
The author gives a broader meaning to a character , place, or thing
The feeling the author creates through the narrator and their word choice
Use mentor texts
Developing the reading-writing connnection
Use guided practice activities
Select a few elements and focus
Lead up to writing individual stories
Teach Individual Elements of Story Structure
Introduce the Genre
Guided Practice Activities
Comparing Different Versions
Changing the Viewpoint
Each individual student has a page
Done together during circle time
Using panels, puppets or other manipulatives
Retelling with Pictures
Students draw pictures retelling the story
Students write stories in their own words
Focus on Story Elements
Providing information on:
topics of interest
concepts that need more lesson time
Digital Story Telling
Preparing Students for Writing Tests
Have students work on identifying conflict and suspense words that can be used in informational writing
At your tables briefly plan one minilesson for a 2nd grade classroom who has mastered the plot structure of a story.
Wordless Picture Books