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Narrative Writing

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by

Catherine Griffith

on 23 October 2014

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Transcript of Narrative Writing

Narrative Writing
Chapter 8
Roll a Story
Roll a dice to get the basis of your story, and then write for a few minutes.
Assessment
Narrative Writing Chant
The Genre of Stories
Stories and narratives have a unique structure and style. The following are elements are key to instruction.

Plot

Setting

Characters

Theme

Point of View
Plot
Beginning-Middle-End
most basic aspect of plot

Conflict
Tension or opposition between forces in the plot

Plot Development
throughout the story the conflict grows and develops
Setting
Location
This can add another dimension to character and plot development
Weather
This can add to the story or not matter at all
Time
Time of Day & Passage of Time
Time Period
Past, Present, & Future
Character Development
Appearance
The author provides a physical description of a character to help the reader visualize
Action
Authors provide details regarding a characters action to add to development and plot
Dialogue
This shows the importance of what the character says and how they say it.
Monologue
Helps the reader understand how the characters think
Theme
Explicit vs. Implicit Themes
Point of View
First Person Viewpoint
The story is told through the eyes of one character.
Omniscient Viewpoint
The reader knows everything through the thought process of each individual character
Limited Omniscient Viewpoint
The reader only hears the thoughts of characters as the author reveals the information to them
Objective Viewpoint
The reader gains information as characters hear or see it happening, and cannot find out information otherwise
Beginning
The Author:
Introduces characters
Describes the setting
Presents a problem
Middle
The Author
Introduces conflict
Creates road blocks to keep characters from solving the problem
End
The Readers
Learn whether the character's struggles are successful.
4 Forms of Conflict
1. Between a Character and Nature
2. Between a Character and Society
3. Between Characters
4. Within a Character
Four steps of Plot Development
1. A problem arises that introduces
conflict
2. Characters face roadblocks as they
attempt to solve the problem
3. The height of the story appears as the
characters are about to solve the problem.
4. The characters have overcome the
roadblocks and solved the problem
Explicit:
Implicit:
Suggested through characters' actions, words, and thoughts
Stated openly throughout the story
Narrative Devices
Comparison
using metaphors and similes to add another view or perspective to something

Hyperbole
An over-exaggeration of the truth to make it obvious

Imagery
Descriptive language to have readers use their imagination to paint the picture

Personification
The author gives an animal or object human qualities

Symbolism
The author gives a broader meaning to a character , place, or thing

Tone
The feeling the author creates through the narrator and their word choice
Instructional Procedures


Use mentor texts
Developing the reading-writing connnection



Use guided practice activities
Select a few elements and focus
Lead up to writing individual stories
Teach Individual Elements of Story Structure
Introduce the Genre
Guided Practice Activities
Retelling Stories
Comparing Different Versions
Changing the Viewpoint
Retelling Strategies
Class Collaboration
Each individual student has a page
Done together during circle time

Oral
Using panels, puppets or other manipulatives

Retelling with Pictures
Students draw pictures retelling the story

Written Retelling
Students write stories in their own words
Writing Workshops
Minilessons
Focus on Story Elements
Providing information on:
topics of interest
concepts that need more lesson time
Incorporating Technology
Audio/Video Podcasts
Digital Story Telling
Smartboard Activities
Preparing Students for Writing Tests
Have students work on identifying conflict and suspense words that can be used in informational writing

At your tables briefly plan one minilesson for a 2nd grade classroom who has mastered the plot structure of a story.
Accommodating ELLs
Wordless Picture Books
Story Mapping
Collaborative Stories
Full transcript