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Imperfect vs. Preterite Tense

This presentation will show how to use the Spanish Imperfect and Preterite tenses.
by

Laura Grossman

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of Imperfect vs. Preterite Tense

Imperfect
vs. Preterite
Tense

That's the Imperfect and Preterite tense
Thank you for your attention!
And one more thing...
Había and Hubo both mean "there was / there were." Había is to describe a situation that existed in the past, while hubo is used to say that an event took place.
Hubo vs Había
EJEMPLOS:
Había mucho humo en el apartamento. = There was a lot of smoke in the apartment.
Hubo un terremoto ayer en Chile. = There was an earthquake yesteray in Chile.
Both preterite and imperfect in one sentence?


Imperfect
: to tell what the weather was like
Preterite
: for actions completed in the past

Llovía
mucho cuando . . .
salimos
de la fiesta. = It was raining a lot when we left the party.
These verbs are often used in the imperfect to describe states of being:
estar (triste, contento, cansado) = to be (sad, happy, tired)
parecer (cansado, mal) = to seem (tired, bad)
sentirse (enfermo, bien) = to feel (sick, well)
tener (calor, frío, hambre, sed, sueño = to be (hot, cold, hungry, thirsty, tired)
pensar = to think
querer = to want
saber = to know
PRÁCTICA:
Both preterite and imperfect in one sentence?
Imperfect
: Time of day
Preterite
: when something happened

Eran
las cinco de la mañana cuando . . .
empezó

a llover. = It was five in the morning when it started to rain.
Both preterite and imperfect in one
sentence?
Imperfect
: to describe the physical, emotional, and mental states of a person or thing
Preterite
: to talk about an event

Mucha gente
quería
ayudar cuando . . . el incendio
destruyó
la casa. = Many people wanted to help when the fire destroyed the house.
¿Qué hora era cuando estas condiciones ocurrieron?

MODELO: 4:00 P.M.
-¿Qué hora era
cuando comenzó
la tormenta
de nieve
?
-
Eran las cuatro de la tarde

cuando comenzó.
6:00 P.M.
¿Qué hora era cuando comenzó . . . ?
¿Qué hora era cuando comenzó . . . ?
4:30 P.M.
¿Qué hora era cuando comenzó . . . ?
2:15P.M.
¿Qué hora era cuando comenzó . . . ?
1:00 P.M.
7:45 P.M.
¿Qué hora era cuando comenzó . . . ?
7:45P.M.
10:50 P.M.
¿Qué hora era cuando comenzó . . . ?
Full transcript