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The valley of ashes IOP
Transcript of The valley of ashes IOP
2. Dr. T.J Eckleburg
3. Automobiles and
consumerism How does Fitzgerald portray moral and social decay as a result of the American Dream through the valley of ashes? The American Dream “fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills into grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of house and chimneys and rising smoke…of ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air.” Nick + The Valley of Ashes Sun money(gold) Tom sky Water Gatsby calm peaceful Blue Eyes Fading and dimming = abandonment of
lack of attention to reality.
Fate of Gatsby Yellow spectacles remain bright = desire for material wealth grows stronger
Daisy stays with Tom (hides behind her money) The American Dream Discovery of happiness Distorted desire for wealth - Money brings happiness Reality or Illusion? Facade of wealth Shadow of social and moral decay DARK SIDE OF AMERICAN DREAM VALLEY OF ASHES The valley of ashes desolation poverty hopelessness Dark side of human nature Selfish
arrogant social & moral decay empty, unfulfilled,
material life embody shapeless forms
in the valley Jay Gatsby "The truth is I'm empty and I
guess people feel it...Daisy's all I've got left
from a world that was so wonderful" Irony full of money unfulfilled love Future=Past
lost nostalgia, like his American Dream Negative imagery Death eerie, chilling atmosphere "ash-grey men swarm up with leaden spades and
stir up an impenetrable cloud, which screens their
obscure operations." suspicious activities Impenetrable = reference to the American
the Eggs with
American Dream West Egg East Egg 1. Forsaken America
2. Hidden reality behind
illusion of American
Dream 1. Unreachable America
2. The ideal American
Tom Nick: "I see now that this has been a story of the
west, after all - Tom, Gatsby, Daisy, Jordan
and I, we're all westerners, and perhaps we
possessed some deficiency in common which
makes us subtly in-adaptable to Eastern life" Is the American Dream really just a dream after all? Delusion of life, unable
to accept that poverty
is a result of the
American Dream 'un-prosperous and bare'
'wreck' of a reality The 'American Dream' Valley of ashes=
by product of
capitalism Supplement reality of the
valley with his imagination .
Believes poverty to be a
deceptive mask of reality. Irony - glasses = see better
those who seek material wealth don't see they are neglecting spiritual values witness of corruption adultery - Tom and Myrtle
Visit to Wolfsheim (who fixed World
Series) “God knows what you’ve been doing, everything you’ve been doing. You may fool me, but you can’t fool God!” George
Wilson "it's just a billboard!" Michaelis American Dream = Just a lie Empty promises=hollow eyes Daisy & Gatsby Tom, Nick, Jordan Increase in materialism Increase in ashes (Death) "Ashes grow like wheat" Wilson's garage Decrease in human ability to control cars Increase in use of sources of power -daisy and Jordan bad drivers
-fatal hit and runs Automobiles and consumerism Social and moral decay through the valley of ashes Symbols of Wealth Loss of social and moral values wrong impression:
Money brings happiness seen through corruption.
characterized by adultery and match-fixing scandals Dr. T.J. Eckleburg References: http://thebestnotes.com/booknotes/Great_Gatsby/Great_Gatsby_Fitzgerald_Study_Guide26.html