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北京语言大学 蒋沐钊


on 16 December 2010

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Transcript of 城市文化探索-紫禁城风水

game design movie role-play culture explorer vocabulary tricks what is fengshui? Welcome everyone to our tour today. At New Orient Travel Community we design every tour with a unique theme. Each tour got its background story. Hopefully every traveler experience a unique role that you never experienced before. Today, everyone is supposed to be a Fengshui master. Can anyone tell me what is Fengshui? It was a guiding principle for Chinese to decide any architectural planning. The essence of Fengshui is Harmony with nature. Of course, some Fengshui master turned that into a superstition. But it is still very meaningful for modern people to understand the concept of harmony with nature from the ancient people. Fengshui is such a broad concept of ideology, today, we are only scratching on the surface. To become a real Fengshui master it takes years effort to study of traditional Chinese philosophy and Fengshui concept. Forbidden city has been the royal palace ever since Ming Dynasty, early fifteenth century. So all the planning of the forbidden was strictly following the Fengshui Concept. So it is a living example of Fengshui concept in China. So we can call it a palace of cosmology. The emperor believe when they lived here, they were in complete harmony with the universe. So they could rule the empire with the power of the universe. Here we have to know a concept of Qi. Does anyone know what is Qi? what is Qi? Ancient Chinese believed that the ultimate principle of the universe is called Tao. Tao exhibits itself in the form of Qi, the literal translation is air. But it actually means energy. Today we are going to walk along the central axis of the forbidden city. It is known as the dragon’s backbone. But why there has to be a central axis line? Because in the sky there is a meridian line. The central axis line in the forbidden city its shadow on earth. This central axis line is not only the central axis for the forbidden city but also for Beijing – the imperial capital. For the past three thousand years, the ancient Chinese had always planned their imperial capital according to the cosmos principle they believed. That’s why the official name of the Forbidden City is the purple Forbidden City. It is a mixture of ancient Chinese cosmology, philosophy, environmental science and aesthetics The Forbidden City _the general ideas_ fengshui of peking axis the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development *meridian designed by Jump chiang the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe
the branch of astrophysics that studies the origin and evolution and structure of the universe *cosmology [kɔz'mɔlədʒi] *aesthetics [es'θetiks] * (art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art) *ideology:an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation *scratch:cut the surface of; wear away the surface of the medirian gate That has another story. The center of the sky was believed to be the northern polar star, in ancient Chinese it was called the Purple Star. The royal palace was believed to be the center of earth. That’s why it was called the Purple forbidden city. So here we found out that the emperor really wanted to build his palace as a replica of the heaven. Now we are walking along the dragon’s backbone. This central axis line was so important in the forbidden city , in the imperial capital, in the empire and even on the earth. It divided the palace into two parts – the yin part and the yan part. So can anyone tell we which part is yin and which part is yan? The east part is yan this is the direction that sun rise up, west part is yin, it is the direction that sun goes down. According to ancient Taoism philosophy, the ultimate principle Tao exhibits itself in two opposite forms of power - Yin and Yan, which mean yin is the cold, negative energy, Yan is the warm positive energy. These two forms of energy drive the universe. Starting from this gate we will really be entering into the forbidden city. Can anyone guess which door was allowed for whom?
The central gate is for the emperor
The right gate is for royal families
The left gate is for high rank government officials
The side gates are for all others.
Now we are coming to the north end of the forbidden city. Hopefully through this Fengshui walk you can have a different understanding of the ancient Chinese cultural background. There are so many tourists here everyday. But probably very few of them really discover the ideology behind the splendor of the palace. I would encourage your either go to the top of hill, that gives you a bird’s eye view of the palace. It is also one of the best place to enjoy sunset in Beijing. Or you can continue to the sides, there are many museums inside the palace. city
explorer yin yan Well,that is the end of your journey in Purple Forbidden City. Now,go outing with your map
and compass to search the fun buried in the palace. Thanks for your attention.
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