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Irish Hunger Strikes and Bloody Sunday
Transcript of Irish Hunger Strikes and Bloody Sunday
The "political" prisoner was abolished.
Dirty Protests/ Blancket Protests
Britains attempt to criminalize the Irish Republicans. The right to wear civilian clothes and not prison uniforms
The right to not do prison work
The right to freely socialize with others
The right to recieve one visit, one letter, and one parcel a week
The right to have their own recreational and education facilities Five Demands of the Hunger Strikers Bloody Sunday Events leading to Bloody Sunday Presentated by Stuart Bartmess presented by Jose Mathews The Troubles Derry, Ireland 1968 Nationalists vs. the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) Battle of the Bogside Apprentice Boys march in August 1969 Residents built barricades in Bogside Irish Government requests British Army to come in Death of the Rioters Seamus Cusack and Desmond Beatie July 1971 Works Cited "Bloody Sunday 1972." YourIrish.com n. pag. Web. 28 Feb 2011. <http://www.yourirish.com/bloody-sunday-1972>. Pringle, Peter, and Phillip Jacobson. "Bloody Sunday's Architects." Nation 12 Jul 2010: 6-8. Print. Binoy, Kampmark. "True Memories of Bloody Sunday." Eureka Street 20.11 (2010): 5-6. Web. 28 Feb 2011. Protests begin in the Parliament of N.I. Operation Demetrius is put into place in August 1971 All marches are banned IRA Increased violance agianst British IRA barricaded many portions of Derry 29 barricades total daily clashes at "Aggro Corner" Savilla Inquiry 7 years £195 million
Concluded that IRA sniper fired on British Soldier Members of British Paratroop regiment never found guilty Crowds burned down British Embassy in Dublin. IRA recruitment skyrocketed Tribunal led by Lord Widgery Quickly produced, supported Army accounts 1000 Army Photos and footage not released British Army Major Hubert O'Neill: “This Sunday became known as Bloody Sunday and bloody it was. It was quite unnecessary. It strikes me that the Army ran amok that day and shot without thinking what they were doing. They were shooting innocent people. These people may have been taking part in a march that was banned but that does not justify the troops coming in and firing live rounds indiscriminately. I would say without hesitation that it was sheer, unadulterated murder. It was murder.”
British and Irish journalists: fired into unarmed crowd Soldiers not fired upon No soldiers wounded No bullets or nailbombs recovered to support claims Conflict twenty-six unarmed civilians shot by British Army. 5 shot in back "April 1969." The History of Free Derry. Entering Free Derry, n.d. Web. 28 Feb 2011. <http://www.enteringfreederry.com/pages/april1969.htm#anchor>. 6 were 17 years old
Protest 30 January 1972 Derry, Northern Ireland, along Bogside March by Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) Led by Ivan Cooper
Protesting Internment 3000-30000 protesters Many IRA present, claimed to be unarmed
North North Ireland Civil Rights Association campaigns and marches Presented by Stuart Bartmess Presented by Matt Allison NICRA March from Craggan to Derry Led by Ivan Cooper Date of march is set for January of 1972 "To be Irish is to know that in the end the world will break your heart"
Daniel Patrick Moynihan Results of the 1st Hunger Strike Although it was opposed by the IRA, the 1st hunger strike went forward.
The 7 began on October 27th, 1980, and were joined by 3 republican prisoners from a women's jail that December.
The strike was called off December 21st, after reaching an "compromise."
Presented By Matt Allison The Second Hunger Strike A second strike was agreed upon, and headed up by Bobby Sands, starting March 1st, 1981.
Staggering effect to prolong the political pressure.
On April 8th, 1981 Bobby Sands was elected M.P.
Sands died May 5th, 1981 after 66 days without food. Nine others followed before the strike ended on October 3rd, 1981. 21 deaths and IRA commits over 300 bombings Aftermath Emergence of Sinn Fein
Unofficially getting the 5 demands
Increased IRA recruitment
Bad reputation for Margaret Thatcher
More Works Cited http://www.irishhungerstrike.com/background.htm http://irelandsown.net/bobby.html http://www.walkingbutterfly.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/01/bobby-sands.jpg http://writeforgod.stblogs.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1039/files//2008/05/bobby-sands.jpg http://www.martinfrost.ws/htmlfiles/scotnews10/hunger-strikers.jpg http://wpcontent.answcdn.com/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/ac/Hunger_Strike.JPG/250px-Hunger_Strike.JPG http://www.chrisandmegan.com/belfast/hunger.jpg