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Citizenship and Living with Difference
Transcript of Citizenship and Living with Difference
rights, privileges and duties
of a nation
- Assigned by birth or naturalization "The multicultural project ...pays little or no attention to white natives, taking their identity and values for granted"
"Research has indicated that segments of the white population have come to feel that they are neglected and discriminated against, and do not feel a part of British society HAYLETT (2000)
In this "modern multicultural" society there is no legitimate space for class-based discourses; its impulse is for class to be remade as an ethno-difference
Interwoven with these specific forms of disadvantage is the persistent inequality of social class – your family background or where you were born - (Government Equalities Office 2009) IGNORING CLASS? DO BRITISH POLICIES
IGNORE WHITE PEOPLE? LONDON Eriksen: nation emerged in reaction to industrialization and uprooting of people from their local communities
Athena: Nationalism as a functional and regulating principle
Eriksen: There is no inclusion without exclusion.
Smith: civic nationalism (Enlightenment) versus ethnic nationalism (Blut und Boden) NATIONAL IDENTITY THEORIES
Benedict Anderson: a Nation is a imagined political community: limited and sovereign
“Nationalism is not the awakening of nations to self-consciousness: it invents nations where they do not exist.” IMAGINED COMMUNITIES SINT MAARTEN http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=WrDZParXD2c#t=431s "While to the immigrant, entry to this country was admission to privileges and opportunities ... the existing population...were never consulted... they found themselves made strangers in their own country. " (Arnold, B. 2006 'Imagined Communities') (Spring 2011 issue of LSE Research Magazine) (Spring 2011 issue of LSE Research Magazine) (River of Blood Speech, April 1968) The ideological focus of the BNP is to help white people in gaining right on a range of social and economic issues, including housing, crime and the environment...and to ensure that whites do not become "second class citizens"
(Identity, 2001) Margaret Thatcher sympathized with the white majority for fearing the impact of immigration on “their” localities, schools and cultural heritage MARGARET THATCHER: “We are a British nation with British characteristics.” WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE "BRITISH"? PUBLIC POLICIES: Community Cohesion Review
Strength in Diversity (2004)
Strengthening Society 2005
The CICC and the Commission for Racial Equality
New Commission for Equality and Human Rights
Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002
"Active Citizenship" "MULTICULTURALISM leads to ALIENATION & DIVISION" -Promotes division rather than unity
- Preservation of values, traditions
and beliefs pented against the
"British way of life"
- Competition for jobs and resources
- F ear (Mishan 1988)
- No choice in the matter There is no contradiction between retaining a distinct cultural identity AND identifying with Britain” (Blunkett 2001) “Active/Collective citizenship” Parekh (2000) Young and Etzioni (1996) MULTICULTURALISM: Celebrating differences MULTICULTURALISM is about allowing people to express their individual identities within a common framework of rights and responsibilities Blunkett (2004) ENOCH POWELL DAVID CAMERON IS SOCIAL COHESION NECESSARY FOR A STABLE SOCIETY? http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=RpyLtHeKxrE#t=3s John Casey 1982: Voluntary repatriation or withdrawel of citizenship MULTICULTURAL BRITAIN
CELEBRATED IN THE NEWS A democracy should guarantee one's freedom to practice their culture, within a common framework of rights and responsibilities