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Colombia

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by

Danielle Wilson

on 31 March 2014

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Transcript of Colombia

Famous Person:
Manuel Elkin Patarroyo

Famous for developing the first safe and effective malaria vaccine
Born in Ataco, Colombia in 1946
His parents taught him that the best thing someone could do was to make himself useful to others
He read a biography of Louis Pasteur, who then became his hero and role model, at the age of eight
That's when he decided that he wanted to devote his life to making vaccines for the people of this world
He studied at the National University of Colombia and received his PhD from Rockefeller University
The malaria vaccine was first developed in 1987
This vaccine could protect 100 million people from malaria and save 1 million lives from death
Manuel Elkin Patarroyo
The Famous Place: Medellin
The Famous Place: The Coffee Triangle
(Eje Cafetero)
Colombia
The Country of Colombia
Capital:
Bogotá
The Famous Place: Bogotá
Museo de Oro:
The gold museum contains more than 55,000 pieces of gold and other materials from the pre-Hispanic culture
Candelaria District:
the historical center of Bogotá with Spanish colonial buildings of the "old world"
Monserrate Mountain:
take the cable car ride up to the mountain that overlooks for the city of Bogotá

The Famous Place: Cartagena
Centro Amurallado (Old Town):
the old walled city intended to protect the city from pirates and storms
Castillo de San Felipe de Barajas:
a huge castle fort that was never used defensively because it wasn't completed for 150 years
Volcán de Totumo:
the tallest mud volcano in the world; people jump inside this volcano and take mud baths
Imports/Exports
Top 5 Imports:

1. Coal Briquettes

2. Digital Disk Drives

3. Raw Sugar

4. Soybean Meal

5. Packaged Medicament

History of Colombia
1535-
The Spanish conquest of Colombia begins and the first permanent settlement in South America was founded in Santa Marta, Colombia
1538-
the Spanish conquistador, Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesdada, founds Bogotá as the capital of what Colombia was known as the "The New Kingdom of Granada"
1550-
African slaves were shipped to the Colombian plantations to work
1564-
The Spanish government appoints a president to govern the Colombian colony
1700s-
Spain creates one big colony known as "the Viceroyalty of New Granada" that consisted of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama
Holidays / Traditions
The Famous Place: Tayrona National Park
By: Danielle Wilson
Elementary Spanish II
3/31/14

Population:
45,239,079 people (2012)
Type of Government:
Republic
The types of Religions:
the majority of Colombia (90%) is Roman Catholic; Protestant and Judaism are also some popular religions
Currency:
Colombian Peso
President:
Juan Manuel Santos
The flag of Colombia
Map of Colombia

The Pueblito:
the 500-year-old town that is now buried beneath the jungle that shows the pre-Hispanic ruins
Cabo de San Juan de Guía:
a jungle-covered coast that has the reputation as one of Colombia's prettiest beaches
Quebrada Valencia:
a waterfall in the middle of the jungle with step-like pools climbing all the way to the top



Botero Plaza:
a plaza filled with a collection of large bronze statues, with the Museo de Antioque filled with more this type of artwork
Botanical Gardens:
40 acres of orchids and plants with wooden steel towers that cover them
Christmas Lights:
millions of Christmas lights starts to be hung up in October around the city and are turned on in December that's like unlike any Christmas display
has the largest coffee producing region of Colombia
the Caldas, Quindio, and Risaralda form the Coffee Triangle
stunning scenery, warm welcomes, and historic architecture
has a coffee museum, traditional coffee buildings, and a theatre show about the history of coffee
History of Colombia continued...
1819-
Colombia finally gains its independence from Spain and Simon Bolivar becomes the first Colombian president
1853-
Colombia adopts a constitution that also abolishes slavery
1899-
The Civil War of Colombia (the War of the Thousand Days) lasted from 1899 to 1902
1922-
The U.S. paid Colombia $25 million for the loss of Panama
1989-
The U.S. began to supply the Colombian government with military equipment to help rid of the Colombian drug dealers
Top 5 Exports:

1. Crude Petroleum

2. Coal Briquettes

3. Refined Petroleum

4. Gold

5. Coffee


Top 5 Import Origins:
2.
Brazil
1.
3. USA
4. Ecuador
5. Chile
Top 5 Export Origins:
1. USA
2. Netherlands
3. Chile
4.
5. Ecuador
New Year's Day: January 1, 2014





Epiphany: January 6, 2014
Saint Joseph's Day: March 19, 2014
Palm Sunday: April 13, 2014


Maundy Thursday: April 17, 2014


Good Friday: April 18, 2014


Easter: April 20, 2014
Labor Day/May Day: May 1, 2014
Ascension Day: June 2, 2014


Corpus Christi: June 23, 2014


Sacred Heart: June 30, 2014


Feast of Saint Peter and Saint Paul: June 30, 2014
Independence Day: July 20, 2014
Battle of Boyacá Day: August 7, 2014



Assumption of Mary: August 18, 2014
Columbus Day: October 12, 2014
All Saints' Day: November 3, 2014



Independence of Cartagena: November 17, 2014
Christmas: December 25, 2014
JANUARY
MARCH
APRIL
MAY
JUNE
JULY
AUGUST
OCTOBER
NOVEMBER
DECEMBER
"It is not my project in life to become a millionaire, or to be powerful or famous, but really to solve what I want to solve. That is my life project, my life purpose."
Accomplishments:

he has received over 50 awards from the scientific world
awarded the Colombian National Science Prize on various occasions
founded the Institute of Immunology in Bogotá in 1972
won the State of sAEo Paulo Prize in 1988
won the award of the Third World Academy of Science in 1990
he's been a member of the Madrid Royal Academy of Natural, Physical and Exact Sciences since 1991
France named him "Doctor of the Year" in 1994
he has also won the Edinburgh Medal, the Prince of Asturias Prize, and the Roberth Koch Prize
marks the two events in Jesus Christ's life: 1. when the three wise men visited Jesus 2. when St. John the Baptist baptized Jesus
children believe that the three wise men bring gifts to them on this day, not Santa Claus
there are many different traditions that are inspired by the diverse Colombian culture
one tradition is eating 12 grapes as soon it turns midnight and to make a wish with each grape
Joseph was the husband of the Virgin Mary and the foster father of Jesus
March 19th is dedicated to Saint Joseph and there is usually a big feast made
marks the beginning of Holy Week and is always a week before Easter
commemorates Jesus' last supper with His disciples
commemorates Jesus' Passion, crucifixion, and death
an all-out celebration in Colombia with masses and Holy Communion to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus
a day for giving workers rest and also a traditional springtime festival
39 days after Easter that commemorates Jesus' ascension into heaven
a christian observance that honors the Holy Eucharist (a sacrament and sacrifice - Jesus instituted the bread and the wine)
a religious devotion to Jesus' physical heart and as the representation of the divine love for humanity
a feast held in honor of Peter and Paul for the sacrifices they made during their life for Christ
workers have off on this day while military parades are held, political leaders speak, and flags are raised
people take the day to celebrate their country and show great enthusiasm
celebrates the defeat of the Spanish Monarchy and the achievement of independence from Spanish rule
celebrates when the Virgin Mary was assumed up to heaven by God and their is also a feast held to celebrate this assumption
also known as Día De La Raza
doesn't focus on Christopher Columbus as much, but on the discovery of the Americas and the formation of American countries and peoples
a celebration for all Christian Saints who don't already have a special feast day of their own
commemorates the day when Colombia became the first province to declare independence from Spain
there are float parades, dancers, fireworks, and the traditional beauty contest
Christmas is celebrated at midnight on December 24th and into the wee hours of the morning
children receive gifts on this day from el niño Dios
on December 25th the families sit down around 11 pm to have Christmas dinner
Works Cited
Alchin, Linda. "Colombia History Timeline." Colombia History
Timeline. Dates and Events, 20 Sept. 2012. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"Colombia." : Maps, History, Geography, Government, Culture, Facts,
Guide & Travel/Holidays/Cities. Fact Monster, 2012. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
Fernando. "The Other Look of COLOMBIA." The Other Look of
COLOMBIA. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014.
"Geography." Infoplease. Pearson Education, 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
"Manuel Elkin Patarroyo - 2013 LAUREATES - PRINCE OF ASTURIAS
AWARDS - The Prince of Asturias Foundation." The Prince of Asturias Foundation. N.p., 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Simoes, Alexander. "The Observatory of Economic Complexity." OEC:
Colombia (COL) Profile of Exports, Imports and Trade Partners. Macro Connections, 2014. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"Things to Do in Bogotá." Lonely Planet. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
Uncovercolombia. "Top 10 Amazing Places to Visit in Colombia."
Travel Discover Experience. WordPress, 15 Oct. 2013. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
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