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Copy of Noli Me Tangere: A Diagnosis of Filipino Society

Life and Works of Rizal Report
by

grace vigilla

on 27 February 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Noli Me Tangere: A Diagnosis of Filipino Society

Rizal and Viola to Dresden (via train)
Leitmeritz (via train)
Pragne (capital of Czechoslovakia, via Brunn)
Vienna (capital city of Austria – Hungary)
Lintz and Rheinfall
Switzerland
Italy
Rizal, Germany and Blumentritt
Plan to return to the Philippines
Rizal arrives in Manila
Back to Calamba
Terrero summoned Rizal to malacanang
Calamba Agrarian problem
Trials Rizal went through For His Advocacy
Rizal leaves Calamba Noli Me Tangere : A Diagnosis of Filipino Society •A Proposal on Writing a Novel about the Philippines Indios Bravos = with the subtitle Custombres Filipinas (Philippine Customs).
= novel by Pedro Paterno.
= delved on aspect of the Filipino culture Ninay = used by Rizal to call to have a sense of national identity as a Filipino. SPOLARIUM = motivation of Rizal to write a novel about the Philippines.
= perceived by Rizal as reflection of the spirit of the social, moral, and political life during his time. Uncle Tom’s Cabin = written by Harriet Beecher Stowe (Zaide & Zaide, 1999)
= portrayed the brutalities committed by American slave owners against their Negro slaves. The wandering Dew written by Eugene Sue. •Ideas on Writing a Novel about the Philippines •The Plot of the Novel •The Characters in the Noli Me Tangere •The Filipino Society as Pictured in the Noli •Rizal’s Diagnosis of Filipino Society •First Reactions to the Noli •Attacks and Defenses of the Noli Me
Tangere = Rizal started writing the Noli Me Tangere. 1884 The Writing of the Noli Me Tangere = finished the novel at Berlin, Germany February 21, 1887 = came off the press March 21, 1877 = translation of Noli Me Tanegere in English Touch Me Not Recorded in the history of human sufferings is a cancer so malignant, a character that the least touch irritates it and awakens in it the sharpest pains. Thus, how many times, when in the midst of modern civilizations I have wished to call thee before me, now to accompany me in memories, now to compare thee with other countries, hath thy dear image presented itself showing a social cancer like to that the other!
Desiring thy welfare, which is our own, and seeking the best treatment, I will do with thee what the ancients did with their sick, exposing on the steps of the temple so that everyone who came to invoke the Divinity might offer them a remedy.
And to this end, I will strive to reproduce thy condition faithfully, without discriminations; I will raise a part of the veil that covers evil, sacrificing to truth everything, even vanity itself, since, as thy son I am conscious that also suffer from thy defects and weaknesses. TO MY FATHERLAND •To picture the past and the realities in the Philippines;
•To reply to insults heaped on the Filipinos and their country;
•To unmask the hypocrisy that have impoverished and brutalized the Filipino people;
•To stir the patriotism of the Filipino people. Purpose of Rizal for writing Noli Me Tangere: The Characters in the Noli Me Tangere = main character in the novel
= affluent and liberal European-educated Filipino Juan Crisostomo Ibarra = represented the Filipino masses in the novel Elias = object of Ibarra’s love and affection
= symbolizes the Filipino womanhood in fidelity, coyness, and modesty Maria Clara = Crisostomo’s father
= affluent landlord with a social conscience Don Rafael Ibarra = mother of basilio and crispin
= depicts a typical characteristic of a Filipino mother Sisa = a social climber married to Don Tuburcio de Espadana
= symbolized colonial mentality among some Filipinos Dona Victorina = mistress of the Alferez
= possess an imprudent, vulgar, cruel and quarrelsome attitude Dona patrocinio = represented Rizal’s epitome of a philosopher
= perceived as a sage and weird or lunatic person Pilosopo Tasyo = symbolized intellectual dissatisfaction in Filipino Society The school master of San Diego The Filipino Society as Pictured in the Noli -Government was administered by self-seekers
-Few honest and sincere officials
-Banditry became a way of life
-Friars used the Catholic Church Friars are enemies Rizal’s Diagnosis of Filipino Society -Schumacher, 1997
-Regain self-confidence
-Appreciate self-worth
-Return to the heritage of his ancestors
-Assert himself as a co-equal of the Spaniards
-Insists on the need for education
-Dedication to the country
-Assimilating the aspects of Western cultures that could enhance native traditions
-Reforms needed in Filipino society Noli me Tangere as a Charter of Filipino Nationalism - Antonio Regidor
- Ferdinand Blumentritt
- Archbishop Payo
- Gov. General Emilio Terrero
- Father Salvador Font First reactions to the Noli - Fernando Vida
- Vicente Barrantes
- Anonymous(signed by a Friar)
- Fr. Salvador Font
- Fr. Jose Rodriguez
- Fr. Francisco Sanchez
- Fr. Vicente Garcia
- Marcelo H. del Pilar
- Ferdinand Blumentritt Attacks and Defenses of the Noli Me Tangere THE FIRST HOMECOMING = by train bound to Dresden Dr. Adolph B. Meyer Dr. Jagor May 18, 1887 in the afrternoon – wife of Blumentrit Hotel Krebs well known scientist in Europe Dr. Czepelak and Dr. Klutschak 9:30am, May 17, 1887 bound for Prague Pragne (capital of Czechoslovakia, via Brunn) history professor at the University of Prague Dr. Welkomm Tomb of Nicolaus Copernicus Museum of Natural History Bacteriological Laboratory Ave where San Juan Nepomuceno
was jailed May 20, 1887 Hotel Metropole Danube River Lintz and Rheinfall arrival in Munich May 27, 1887 From Munich – Nuremberg – horrible
torture machines Munich – Ulm
(having the largest and tallest cathedral in Germany) Ulm
–Stutgartt, Baden and Rheinfall (Bin waterfall) Schaffhausen Basel, bern, and Laussane
– small boat – Geneva June 6, 1887
– protest was communicated
by Rizal to Blumentritt Leman Lake Geneva
(most beautiful and frequented city of Switzerland)
HAPPY 26th BIRTHDAY! June 23, 1887
– toured Italy Viola returned to Barcelona Switzerland Turin, Milan, Venice, Florence and Rome Capital of the ancient Rome Empire St. Peter’s Dome by Michaelangelo and Giacomo dela Porta St. Peter’s Basilica
– first known Christian church dedicated
during the time of Emperor Italy Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul Coliseum and Roman Forum Potsdom = city near Berlin Zaide and Zaide, 1999 POTSDAM a city near Berlin Frederick the Great Rizal -May 11, 1887by train bound to Dresdenand Viola to Dresden (via train)
Leitmeritz (via train)
Pragne (capital of Czechoslovakia, via Brunn)
Vienna (capital city of Austria – Hungary)
Lintz and Rheinfall
Switzerland
Italy
Rizal, Germany and Blumentritt
Plan to return to the Philippines
Rizal arrives in Manila
Back to Calamba
Terrero summoned Rizal to malacanang
Calamba Agrarian problem
Trials Rizal went through For His Advocacy
Rizal leaves Calamba Potsdam
a city near Berlin Frederick the Great May 11, 1887- Rizal and Viola left Berlin by train bound to Dresden Dr. Adolf Mayer Dr. Jaggor May 18, 1887 Rizal and Viola arrived in the afrternoon Ferdinand Bumentritt The former Hotel Krebs where Rizal stayed. At this train station Rizal arrived from Germany. Dr. Czepelak and Dr. Klutschak -> well known scientist in Europe.

9:30am May 17, 1887 bound for Prague •Pragne (capital of Czechoslovakia, via Brunn) Dr. Welkomm –> history professor at the University of Prague -Tomb of Nicolaus Copernicus
-Museum of Natural History
-Bacteriological Laboratory
-cave where San Juan Nepomuceno was jailed May 20, 1887 - Rizal and Viola arrived at Vienna capital city of Austria- hungary Hotel Metropole Danube River May 27, 1887 arrival in Munich From Munich – Nuremberg – horrible torture machines Munich – Ulm (having the largest and tallest cathedral in Germany) Ulm – Stutgartt, Baden and Rheinfall (Bin waterfall) -Turin, Milan, Venice, Florence and Rome -Capital of the ancient Rome Empire - St. Peter’s Basilica – first known Christian church dedicated during the time of Emperor Constantine -St. Peter’s Dome by Michaelangelo and Giacomo dela Porta - Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul
- Coliseum and Roman Forum Potsdam a city near Berlin Statue of Frederick the Great May 13, 1887 - Rizal and Viola arrived in the afternoon = by train bound to Dresden May 11, 1887 Ferdinand Blumentrit Rosa – wife of Blumentrit Dr. Czepelak and Dr. Klutschak
-> well known scientist in Europe HOTEL KREBS Sketch of Blumentritt made by Rizal Dr. Welkomm – history professor at the University of Prague Leman Lake GENEVA HAPPY 26th BIRTHDAY! June 23, 1887 – toured Italy
Viola returned to Barcelona Sober
earnest
industrious
progressive and
prosperous 3 Factors that gave rise to Rizal – Blumentritt friendship Common interest Shared love for the Philippines and for the Filipinos Affinity of temperaments and affections Plan to return to the Philippines 1.)Financial difficulty in calamba.
2.)Dissatisfaction with his studies in Madrid. 3.) Desire to prove that there has no reason to fear of going home.
4.) His belief that the Spanish regime will not punish the innocent. 1887- Rizal decided to return to his homeland. 1.) To operate his mother’s eyes.
2.) To serve peole oppressed by the Spaniards. 3.) To find out his effects of his novel.
4.) To find out the cause of Leonor Rivera’s silence. · Rizal arrives in Manila

JULY 3, 1887- Rizal left rome by train headed for Marseilles France and boarded to DJEMMAH (Orient via the Suez Canal) August 5, 1887- he reached manila. ISABELO DELOS REYES FATHER FAURA showed Rizal the image of Sacred Heart of Jesus BACK TO CALAMBA
AUGUST 8, 1887- Rizal arrived in calamba. DR. ULiMAN Sabong, Panggingue Gymnastics, fencing, shooting TERRERO SUMMONED RIZAL TO MALACANANG
Received a letter from Gov. Gen. Terrero CALAMBA AGRARIAN PROBLEM
The hacienda of the Dominican order comprised the whole town of Calamba The profits of the Dominican order continually increased.
The hacienda owner never contributed. Tenants were dispossessed.
High rates of interest were charged
When the rentals could not be paid the hacienda management confiscated the work animals, tools etc. Trials Rizal went through For His Advocacy
His family was evicted from the Dominican-owned hacienda in his hometown.
When Mariano Herbosa (brother in law)) died, the Roman Catholic Church refused to give him a Christian burial. A PROFANATiON (una Profanacion) an essay which attacked the denial of Christian Burial.
25 Calambenos were exiled to other parts of the country. (Don Francisco, Paciano, Saturnina, Narcisa and Lucia) RIZAL LEAVES CALAMBA
FEB. 1888- Rizal leaves the country.
He was 27 years old, a medical practitioner and a recognized man of letter. Cenal, Kurtney
Pama, Rose Paulene
Rodriguez, Alona
Suazo, Jessa Group 4
Full transcript