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3D Animal Cell Slide Show


Daniel & Moe

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of 3D Animal Cell Slide Show

3D Animal Cell By Daniel Bojkovski & Moe El-Deeb

Cells are the structure and function units of all living organisms (living thing). Some of the organisms, such as bacteria are unicellular which means a single cell. We have 100,000,000,000,000 cells in our body.

The cells are very small. In order to see them, you must use a Light Compound Microscope (LCM). A LCM is a microscope that uses a light in order to see the cell. You can also use a Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), which is microscope that shoot beams/electrons through the specimen and interacts with it. After that step, an image is formed. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is similar to the TEM. It uses the electrons that get reflected or scattered to create a three dimensional image (3D image).

Now there is one very common cell. It is called the Animal Cell. Now the animal cell does have most of the thing that a plant cell does. The difference between the animal cell and the plant cell is that the plant cell has a larger vacuole (stomach). It has a larger vacuole due to the amount of water the cell must hold to keep its shape. The water in the vacuole creates Turgor Pressure. When the vacuole has lots of water, and the turgor is high, it pushes all around the cell wall so the cell is rigid.

The difference between an animal and plant cell is that the animal cell does not have Chloroplast. Chloroplast is a green organelle which allows the cell to make food using the Sun’s energy (uses photosynthesis). Inside the chloroplast is a chemical called “Chlorophyll”. I is what keeps the plant green. The chlorophyll also helps make food by absorbing sunlight. What Is A Cell The Animal Cell Diagram Animal Cell Definitions: Microtubule: Cylindrical structure supporting the cell and allowing organelles and substances inside the cell to move about.

Cilium: Filiment like structures that helps/allows the cell to move. Also, it allows certain substances on its surface to move about.

Microfilament: Rod-like structure supporting the cell and giving its shape.

Peroxisome: An orgenelle that contains ezymes that neutrolize the cells toxic substance.

Cell Membrane: Is the outside if the cell. It is like a gate keeper because it controles what materials and more enter and leave the cell.

Chromatin: Mass of very fin filaments of DNA (the genetic information/materials of a cell. It also compresses against the chromosomes during cell division.

Nucleus: An orgenelle that stores info (genes/DNA) and controls the cellular activitie.

Ribosome: An organelle that is free or is attached to the endoplasmic reticulum. It produces proteins for the constitution and functions of a human being (to the cell).

Endoplasmic Reticulum: An organelle that form a wall which is attached to the ribosomes.

Mitochondria: An organelle (shape like egg) produces energy necessary for all cell activity.

Cytoplasm: Is a clear gelatin substance that surrounds the various cellular structure.

Vacuole: A container (shape like sphere) that holds/contains wastes, water, and other materials that a cell requires (what the cell needs)

Lysosome: A small organ that breaks down food, and spent cell components and other harmful substances that have been absorbed.

Nuclear Envelope: Two layers that surround the nucleus and have small holes (pores), which allows the cytoplasm and nucleus to exchange materials.

Nucleolus: Is the shape of a sphere and is located inside the nucleus, within which the ribosomes or protein-synthesizing structure is produced.
Centriole: A rode like structure that play a major role in the cell division.

Golgi Apparatus: An organelle that receives proteins through the pores which are produced by the ribosomes and transport them through other organelles or inside them. Golgi Apparatis Endoplasmic Reticulum Lysosome Cell Membrane Microfiliment Chromosomes Cilium Peroxisome Ribosomes Vacuole Nuclear Envolope Nucleus Mitochondria Centriole THE END!
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