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World War I
Transcript of World War I
"The Great War"-World War I
In The Early 1900s
War Begins In Europe
ONE COUNTY'S CONTRIBUTION
In 1914, an assassin killed a member of Austria's royal family Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
Austria-Hungary declared war against Serbia.
Both countries had alliances with other countries.
Most U.S. citizens wanted to stay out of the war.
German submarines began to attack American ships.
U.S. enters World War I in April of 1917.
Minnesotans were eager to support their country.
The War Ends
World War I
- A war fought from 1914 to 1918, mostly in Europe and the Middle East, between the Allies and the Central Powers.
- During World War I, the nations that allied, or united, against the Central Powers of Europe. They included Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States.
- During World War I, the nations that fought against the Allies.
- The combined efforts of those at home as well as those in the military to win a war.
The news that the war ended reached Minnesota around 2 o'clock in the morning of November 11, 1918. This was the longest and bloodiest foreign war in America.
126,000 Minnesotans (including about 700 women) served in the military during World War 1.
3,500 Minnesotans died while serving their country.
Many people believed now that the central powers are defeated that all future wars are going to be avoided but in the end that did not hold true.
For a long time November 11Th was celebrated as a day when World War 1 ended but today it is known as Veterans Day. It is to remember the men and women who fought in all the American wars- including the wars that came after World War 1.
World War I
- The organized spreading of information in order to persuade people to adopt a certain position. It typically only presents one point of view.
- Loyalty to one's country.
- A certificate, or bond, sold to citizens by a government in order to help pay for a war. The bond is a written promise to repay the buyer the full amount of the selling pricewith interest on or after a specific date.
Commission Of Public Safety (CPS)
- A state agency that existed only during World War I. Its role was to oversee the war effort in Minnesota.
Many European countries wanted to be the most powerful country
"They competed to gather the most resources and build the largest empire"
The European countries allied to neighboring countries
In 1914 two countries went to war and their allies joined causing "The Great War"
Citizens against the war = Unpatriotic and disloyal
U.S. government urged total support of the war
One way to show support was through the purchase of war bonds.
War bonds bought helped pay for the war.
The United States went to war in the spring of 1917.
Hundreds of young men from little towns came to fight.
The people that stayed at home such as young women helped out at Red Cross, provided food for the men and knitted socks and sweaters for the troops.
William Tompkins from the farmlands of Minnesota decided to volunteer for the war. He was one of the first to board a ship to Europe. Tompkins was sure that the Americans and their Allies were going to defeat the Germans. One night, on October 9Th 1918, Tompkins was killed in action. One month later the U.S had defeated the Central Powers.
Orange - Central Power
Green - Allied Countries
Pink - Neutral Countries
The Nations during World War I
28th President of United States
Asked Congress to declare war to keep "the world safe for democracy."
Louis A. Fritsche
German Mayor of New Ulm
"Most despised man in the state"
Held a meeting asking the U.S. Government to stop sending German Americans to fight in World War I
Was forced from office by the Governor
After war was over, ran again and won in a landslide
Commission of Public Safety (CPS)
created in Minnesota to oversee the war effort.
CPS could make and enforce laws
Look for Minnesotans who were disloyal
was defined as "The test of loyalty in war times is whether a man is wholeheartedly for the war and subordinates everything else to its successful prosecution."
It was expected that Minnesotans' put winning the war above everything else.
CPS sought the German immigrants and citizens.
Discouraged everything German
Germans' changed their last names
CPS created Home Guard to help protect Minnesota.
CPS ordered all Minnesotans who were not American citizens to register with the state.
Eventually the CPS was deemed too powerful and was shut down in February of 1919. Ambrose Tighe helped shut CPS down; however, he was part of the group who had orginally started the organization.
Propaganda was also used by the government to encourage support of the war.
Parades, posters, and songs were used for the war effort.