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The Four States of Matter

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Melissa Hengst

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of The Four States of Matter

The Four States of Matter
Diagram of molecules
A solid is a group of atoms that are tightly packed together. A solid has it's own shape and usually can't change it's shape. Some examples of solids are books, desks, any kind of board, or a chair or table. You might think that solids are most of the things around us. Liquids and gases are probably tied for most things around us because we have our four huge oceans and all the additional water like what we drink. Gases, it's all the air around us, so there's a lot of it. Back to solids. Solids are almost all the hard stuff in your house. Glass on the other hand is right in between a solid and liquid.
By: Alexandra Youshak
About Solids
Molecules and Figures
First we are going to talk about solids, what they look like, and their molecules.
This is a diagram of all the molecules we learned about in this prezi.
About Liquids
A liquid is a group of atoms that are not as packed as a solid but are not as free as a gas. There are just a lot of little bunches that are far apart. A liquid is the only state of matter that has a definite volume but no fixed shape. Water, by far, is the most common liquid on Earth. Every liquid there ever was did not have it's own shape, it took the shape of whatever it was in. If you drank solids, you would not have parts that slide out the side, but one hard thing would come straight at your face, and bonk it. Some examples of liquids are water, lemonade, orange juice, milk, and cider.
Second, we are going to talk about liquids, what they look like, and their molecules.
Molecules and figures
Now we are going to talk about gases, what they look like, and their molecules.
About Gases
A gas is a group of atoms that flow freely around each other and do not have their own shape. Gases are things that you breathe in and out. A pure gas may be made up of individual atoms. A gas mixture would contain a variety of pure gases much like the air. Air is probably the most common thing on Earth, so that means that the most common state of matter would be gas, then liquid,then solid, then plasma, in that order. Some examples of gases are helium ( which is found in balloons ), carbon dioxide, and hydrogen. Some examples of things that produce or have gases in them are balloons, inflatables, and dry ice. Gasoline is not actually a gas, it's a liquid, but it has gas coming off of it, which means it produces it.
Molecules and Figures
Molecules and figures
About Plasma
Plasma is the fourth state of matter. The definition of plasma is a group of atoms that are about as far apart as gas atoms. T Plasma is an ionized gas, a gas into which enough energy is provided to free electrons from atoms or molecules and to allow both species, ions and electrons, to coexist. Some examples of plasma are lightning bolts, the sun, stars and a lightbulb ( the inside of it ). This is my first year learning about plasma and I want to learn more about it because I don't really know much about this state of matter.
Now we are going to talk about plasma, what it looks like, and it's molecules.
Full transcript