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Korean Fighter Kites

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by

Maxine Rosenberg

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Korean Fighter Kites

Korean Fighter Kites
Institute of
Asia & Asian Diasporas
"ARTS OF ASIA
IN THE CLASSROOM"
Here's
a map
of
KOREA
Let's find KOREA
Through Cultural Diffusion*, fighter kites came to Korea
The most popular Korean kite,
a "shield" kite, is called
"Yeon pronounced y-un.
It is rectangular, made from five bamboo
sticks, and covered with traditional Korean
mulberry paper.
It is always in the strict
proportion of 2 by 3.
It has a circular hole in the center,
with a diameter half the width of the kite.
This opening functions as an
efficient air control device to help
lift the kite.
1400 years ago






the Koreans began
to use kites.

Long ago
kites were made with a bamboo “hummer” or pipe attached to it.

The hummers made a
moaning sound when the kite was flying.
KITES WERE
USED TO FRIGHTEN
INVADING ARMIES
Around 500 A.D., kites were used
as military signals.
When kites were flown above the
palace the farmers and soldiers
knew danger was near.

The First Koreans


The first Koreans moved from
northern Asia and settled in
Korea around 5,000 years ago.


Early Koreans lived in villages
and survived by farming and
hunting.
Korea has
one of the world’s
fastest
growing economies.
Korea is part of
the continent of
ASIA
Korea's Economy today

Since 2009, South Korea is the world’s 8th largest exporter
of goods.
Well known Korean brands include:
Korea has a tradition of making and flying
Fighter Kites
especially during the Lunar New Year
Korea is a rugged, mountainous country
on a 600 mile long peninsula.

With Japan to its East
and China to its Northwest,
Korea often needed courage and
strength to fight off its powerful
neighbors.

Korea was known as the
“Hermit Kingdom” because Korea
just wanted to be left alone.
GEOGRAPHY
The Korean people all speak the
same language, Korean.

The Koreans' culture and art
express their unique style.

Because of political disagreements,
in 1945 Korea was divided into two countries,
North Korea and South Korea.

THE PEOPLE
The South Korean Flag
What do the symbols on the South Korean flag mean?

The blue and red circle in the middle is called
“yin and yang.”

The concept of yin and yang
explains life in terms of opposites:

Everything has an opposite, like:
day and night,
male and female,
north and south.
The idea is not that we are only one or the other
but that all embody both.
There is balance in all of life.

The black lines near each corner
symbolize the elements that
make up our universe:
heaven, earth, water and fire

Kites were first developed approximately 2,800 years ago in China where materials ideal for kite building were readily available:

Silk fabric and mulberry paper for the sail material;

Fine, strong silk string
for flying line;

Flexible bamboo for a strong, lightweight framework.
When the kites were
flown over the
enemy camp on a windy
night, the invaders
were frightened by the
moaning sound.
The enemies
fled in a panic.
Others are decorated
with images such as bats or butterflies

In the year 668,
KOREA
became a nation.
*
Cultural Diffusion:
the movement of ideas, styles, art & language from one country to another
There are 7 continents









Let's name them together
The First Development of Kites
A wooden reel holds the
kite string.

This kind of reel is
used only in Korea.

It has four to eight spokes,
with a longer central rod for
controlling the kite.

Use of this reel creates amazing
speed in the Korean Fighter Kite.

Fighter kite contests are very popular in Korea.

Competitors coat their kite string
with crushed glass and glue.

When the kite is flying, and duels with another kite,
the glass-coated twine will cut the enemy’s kite string.

This is why it's called a
FIGHTER KITE.
Many Kites are painted with bright colors,
usually red, blue, yellow, white,
and black.

Kite artists use simple shapes,
such as circles, half-moons, or stars.
King Sejong

October 9th
is the only national holiday in the world dedicated to a writing system.

On that day, King Sejong, the 4th
ruler of the Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910), set up a special committee of scholars to design a simple language.
HANGUL was proclaimed the new Korean language.



“Hangul day” or
“Korean Alphabet Day”

Until the early 1400s, most documents in Korea were
written in classical Chinese characters.

The vast majority of Koreans were left illiterate. HANGUL, meaning “the one script”,
was designed so that even a commoner could learn to read and write.


Only privileged Korean males could afford the
time and education to learn Chinese, it is a difficult language to learn.










Hangul is a featural alphabet.

This means that shapes of the letters are
related to the features of the sounds
they represent.

The Chinese characters are like pictures
– every picture represents an idea.


But the Hangul alphabet is phonographic
– every character represents a sound.



THE CONSONANTS OF HANGUL REPRESENT
THE SIMPLIFIED OUTLINES
OF THE PARTS OF THE MOUTH AND TONGUE

Velars: back of the tongue against
the back of the mouth k, g, ng

Alveolars: tongue behind the teeth
s, z, t, d

Bilabial: lips alone p, b, m, w

Dentals: tongue against the teeth th

Glottals: constricting the throat





Traditional clothing is worn for festivals and celebrations.
Jokki is the men’s vest.
Hanbok is for women or men.


Traditional Korean Dress


Korean money is called
WON

Hangul is easy to learn

There are 10 basic vowel letters and 14
consonants in Hangul.

They are straight lines, dots, and lines with dots.

Because of its simplicity and the rather small
number of letters, 24, Hangul is very easy to
learn to read and write.






Today, Korean people are able to incorporate computers into their lives.

A number of programs are written in Hangul.


Computer keyboard with Hangul language

Let's discuss
more fact about
Korea
CENTER FOR KOREAN STUDIES
ARTS OF ASIA IN THE CLASSROOM
KOREAN FIGHTER KITES
Institute for Asia & Asian Diasporas
sponsored by
and
Full transcript