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Intensification of Peasant Labor

Cotton textiles in India 1450-1750
by

Claire Burke

on 23 January 2013

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Transcript of Intensification of Peasant Labor

Intensification of Peasant Labor Cotton Textile Production in India

Claire Burke, Period 5 In 1450, cotton production in India was booming. Cotton became the new symbol of class, like silk had years before. All around Europe and Asia, Indian cotton was in very high demand Cotton was shipped via Indian Ocean trade to places like East Africa and China. Marco Polo brought news of the cloth to central Europe, and cotton became a clothing staple there as well. The Mughal Empire was the first to use cotton mills and create the richly dyed fabric, and business was booming. After a while, other countries began to ban the import of Indian cotton because it was draining their money and resources. Due to this very high demand of cotton textiles and products, labor had to greatly increase in order to fulfill the amount of cotton necessary to make India the leading producer of the material. Many peasants were forced to work at mills to make the cotton. Cotton became the main focus of the Empire, and very much of previous labor shifted to the making of cotton. While the work was hard and hours were long, cotton production actually bettered the life of many peasants Cotton produced very much money, and India's population doubled to 2 million in just 300 years. The British East India Company and the Dutch East India Company shifted a lot of their focus from spices from the Spice Islands to cotton from India

This led to India gaining a great advantage in trade, and led the Mughal Empire to be as successful as it was. Answering the EQ Labor systems became larger and a lot more complex as demand rose for more and more textiles. Due to the especially high amount of trading in Southeast Asia, Indian labor systems needed to become stronger and more organized in order to meet the demand. SOURCES http://bchistorycore.wikispaces.com/file/view/EAA,+Islam+in+SE+Asia.pdf

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