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Example of Midterm Project

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Frank Hansen

on 25 February 2018

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Transcript of Example of Midterm Project

History of Rock and Roll
Example of Midterm Project

Charlie Parker/Sonny Stitt
Charlie Parker
B. August 29, 1920
D. March 12, 1955
Born: Kansas City, Kansas
Raised: Kansas City, Missouri
Most noted: Alto saxophonist credited for creating (along with Dizzy Gillespie) a style of jazz known as "Bebop."
Adolescent Similarities 1
Parent Influences, Education, Culture
Charlie Parker
Father: Pianist, Singer, Dancer in the T.O.B.A. circuit
Started on Baritone Horn in Public Schools
Switched to Alto Saxophone at age 11.
Saxophone Studies include the Klose Method Book.
Was exposed to various styles of live music that include classical, jazz, blues, folk, gospel

Adolescent Similarities 2
Significant Musical Influences
Charlie Parker
Louis Armstrong
Lester Young
Coleman Hawkins
Art Tatum
Igor Stravinsky
Adolescent Similarities 3
Adolescent Musical Experiences
Charlie Parker
Played in Public School Concert/Marching Bands
At 15, Parker plays in various "Territory Bands" in the Kansas City, Missouri area.
At 17, joined Buster Professor Smith's band in 1937.
At 18, joined pianist Jay McShann's band in 1938.
The content found in the Klose Saxophone Method can be found in both the improvisations of both Parker and Stitt
The content found in artist's Armstrong, Young, Hawkins, Tatum and Stravinsky can be found in the improvisation approaches in both Parker and Stitt.
The mentor-ship that occurs in "Territory Bands" made a significant contribution to the development of both Parker and Stitt.
Sonny Stitt
B. February 2, 1924
D. July 22, 1982
Born: Boston Massachusetts
Raised: Saginaw, Michigan
Most noted: Alto/Tenor Saxophonist of the bebop/Hardbop Era.

Sonny Stitt
Father-Singer, Composer, College Professor
Mother-Piano Teacher
Brother- Classically Trained pianist
Piano lessons at age 7
Started playing clarinet in public schools and switched to saxophone at age 11
Saxophone studies include Klose Method Book
Was exposed to various styles of live music that include classical, jazz, blues, folk, gospel
Sonny Stitt
Louis Armstrong
Lester Young
Coleman Hawkins
Art Tatum
Igor Stravinsky
Sonny Stitt
Played in Public School Concert/Marching Bands
At age 15, Stitt plays in various local "Territory Bands" in the Michigan area.
At age 19, joined Tiny Bradshaw’s band.

Charlie Parker Bibliography
Sonny Stitt Bibliography
Gary Giddins. Celebrating Bird: The Triumph of Charlie Parker. Da Capo Press. 1998. 128pp.

Lawrence O. Koch. Yardbird Suite: A Compendium of the Music and Life of Charlie Parker. Northeastern University Press. 1999. 416pp.

Edward M. Komara. The Dial Recordings of Charlie Parker: A Discography. Greenwood Publishing Group. 1998. 215pp.

Henry Martin. Charlie Parker and Thematic Improvisation. Scarecrow Press. 2001. 170pp.

Mark Miller. Cool Blues: Charlie Parker in Canada, 1953. Nightwood Editions. 1989. 115pp.

Brian Priestley. Chasin' the Bird: The Life and Legacy of Charlie Parker. Oxford University Press. 2006. 242pp.

Robert George Reisner. Bird: The Legend of Charlie Parker. Da Capo Press. 1977. 256pp.

Ross Russell. Bird Lives! The High Life and Hard Times of Charlie (Yardbird) Parker. Da Capo Press. 1996. 432pp.

Ken Vail. Bird's Diary: The Life of Charlie Parker, 1945-1955. Castle Communications. 1996. 175pp. Chronology.

Carl Woideck. Charlie Parker: His Music and Life. University of Michigan Press. 1998. 304pp.

Carl Woideck (editor). The Charlie Parker Companion: Six Decades of Commentary. Schirmer Books. 1998. 294pp. Essays, interviews, and reviews.
Wilson, John S. (1982). "Sonny Stitt, Saxophonist, Is Dead; Style Likened to Charlie Parker's". The New York Times. p. 28. Retrieved 2008-06-25.

Jump up ^ Will Friedwald, "Bebop's Greatest Sparring Partner", The New York Sun, August 14, 2006.

^ Jump up to: a b "SONNY STITT, 58, JAZZ SAXOPHONIST, DISCIPLE OF CHARLIE (BIRD) PARKER". The Boston Globe. 1982-07-25. p. 1.
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