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Intro. to Civil War

Unit 5
by

HSPVA Humanities

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Intro. to Civil War

The Civil War
1861
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866 and beyond...
1860
...leading up to 1860
Political
Economic
Cultural
North

vs.

manufacturing
agricultural
De Witt Clinton 1831
abolitionist movement
Compromise of 1820
Missouri Compromise
Nullification Crisis
Compromise of 1833
1793
cotton gin
Eli Whitney
"en
gin
e"
tobacco
to wheat
sugar

rice
cotton
"The South grew, but it did not develop"
Long-staple (Sea Island) vs. Short Staple
10 years = x8 production
interchangeable parts
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854
1 slave = 10 hours = 1 pound
gin = 1,000 pounds a day
Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln
Whigs vs. Democrats
Republicans
11 free, 11 slave states
Missouri applies for statehood 1819
Already allows slavery (1 in 6 are slaves)
Missouri = slave
Maine = free
No slavery North of 36 30' (southern border of Missouri) in Louisiana Territory
1820
1833
1850
1861
1860
Wilmot Proviso: no slavery in the territories!
Introduced by Henry Clay
Stephen Douglas:

5

separated bills
California = free
Utah/New Mexico = territories
Texas reduced in size; Texas debts became fed. debts
D.C. = free
Fugitive Slave Act
1848
Mexican Cession
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Wilmot Proviso
Created Nebraska AND Kansas
Left the issue of slavery up to the territorial legislature to decide by
popular sovereignty
Defied the Missouri Compromise
transcontinental railroad
Jefferson Davis:
Gadsden Purchase ($10 mill for strip of Arizona)

Stephen Douglas
: created Nebraska to open land for white men to settle
.
..but open to
popular sovereignty
. Repealed "anti-slavery" provision of Comp. of 1820.
1857
1858
Dred Scott vs. Sandford
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
Raid on
Harper's Ferry
South secedes
Confederate States of America created
William Lloyd Garrison
American Colonization Society
1816
1850
"Ain't I a Woman?"
1831
"colonization"
"I am aware that many object to the severity of my language; but is there not cause for severity? I will be harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as justice...I am in earnest- I will
not equivocate
- I will
not excuse
- I will
not retreat a single inch
- and
I will be heard
."
The Liberator
American Antislavery Society
Isabella Baumfree
Sojourner Truth
1847
The North Star
Frederick Douglass
former slave
traveler
orator
author
social reformer
Harriet Tubman
Breckinridge: 72
Bell: 39
Douglas: 12
Lincoln: 180
Republican
N. Democrat
S. Democrat
Constitutional Union
Reconstruction
Antebellum
Stephen Douglas: ...
"Cui bono?"
South
King Cotton
1849
Gold Rush

'46, '47, +Mexican Cession
1823
1834
1836
1830
1846
1845
1844
1848
Mexico gains
independence
Moses Austin
Stephen F. Austin
300 settlers
Texas annexed by USA
Treaty of
Guadalupe Hidalgo
Mexican-American War
3:1
Antonio Lopez
de Santa Anna
1835
TX Revolution
Battle of Gonzales
Oct. 1835
Battle of San Jacinto
April 1836
Goliad
Alamo
Lone Star Republic
N Democrat
S Democrat
anti-annexation
pro-annexation
pro-slavery
The Dark Horse
General Zachary Taylor
April 1846
11 dead
John C Fremont
California
Captured Mexico City
Sept. 1847
Bleeding Kansas
1853
Gadsen Purchase
1856
39 %
February
April
Attack on Fort Sumter
7 states secede
4 more states secede
1852
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1800
Gabriel Prosser Revolt
1831
1822
Denmark Vesey Revolt
Nat Turner Revolt
Richmond VA
27 hanged
1811
German Coast Uprising
200-500 slaves
LaPlace to New Orleans
Burned 5 plantations, crops, farms
44 hanged
heads on spikes
Charleston, SC
35 hanged
murdered 60 men, women, and children
Turner hanged
retaliation of 150
anti-literacy laws
Crittenden Compromise
1859
Full transcript