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learning process

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Marina Contreras

on 20 March 2013

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Transcript of learning process

Current Theories on Learning Current trends in teaching focus more on how much students lean than on how they can learn (Beers, B. 2006). Historical Perspectives on Learning Learner Centered Principles Brain-based Approaches Cognitive and developmental psychologists are providing much data about teaching and learning based on extensive study inside and outside of the classroom (Beers, B. 2006). EDUC 6651
Josephine Raybon
March 17, 2013 Marina Contreras
Teacher Leadership in the Classroom Works Cited Beers, B. (2006). Learning-driven schools: A practical guide for students and teachers. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision of Curriculumn and Development.

Blakemore, S., Frith, U. (2005). The learning brain: Lessons for education: a precis. Developmental Science, p8(6), 459-465.

Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer) (2011). EDUCC 6651. The Relationship Between Teaching and Learning [Video Webcast]. Retrieved from waldenu.edu

Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer) (2011). EDUCC 6651. Understanding the Brain [Video Webcast]. Retrieved from waldenu.edu

Laureate Education, Inc. (Producer) (2011). EDUCC 6651. Brain Research and Learning [Video Webcast]. Retrieved from waldenu.edu Learning Process "Saying that we don't need to understand the brain to be able to teach it is like saying that a physician need not understand the body in order to treat it"
-Patricia Wolfe Knowledge Based Strategic Processing Motivation & Affect Development & Individualism Assessment Situation & Context -Build on prior knowledge
-allow for individual interpretation
-focus on ideas in depth -engage in reasoning
& critical thinking
-model & teach
strategies -create a welcoming learning environment
-uncover student interest
& build curriculum
around it -understand the uniqueness of students -acknowledge cultural experiences
-share ideas in small groups & one
on one
-background becomes part of
discussion
-students are partners in learning -self assessment
-diversity of assessments
-allow for students to be
part of creating/building
assessment Cognitive Structures Social Cognition "...observational learning Matter of conditioning "...it's a child's culture that dictates what and how the child learns" "Some experiences
reinforce the
cognitive structure
of a child, and
some change it." suggests that learning occurs through
observing others in a social context,
through interaction of cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences." Visual Cognition Metacognition & Feedback Motivation Constructivism Transfer of Learning Memory All of the parts that we learn must be connected to the whole. The ability to extend what has been
learned in one context to new contexts. is the result of the learning process that involves changes to our collection of knowledge and skills. "Thinking about thinking" -set goals
-select appropriate strategies to meet those goals
-evaluate their progress Extrinsic Intrinsic occurs because of outside stimulus performing a task for the joy or feeling of accomplishment Individual
and
Social Factors Meaning and Relevance Threats and Punishments Challenging Environment Attention Cycles Limits the student's ability to perform
above the knowledge and comprehension level expected for their grade. Problem Solving
Novelty Learning is all about growing a better brain. ...drive attention I'm tired. I don't like my
teacher. She's
mean. For something to
be meaningful there needs to be a connection to the everyday life of the individual. Blood flow to the human brain constantly changes, affecting student's attention and ability to learn. Keep them moving with TPR Stragegies to Enhance Learning Cooperative Learning Hands-on Activities Use Technology for
a creative process Engage students in investigation. Help students make
real-life connections. Brain Research 4 findings The brain is sculpted through experience. The brain seeks meaningful patterns. Emotion is a catalyst for learning. There are 2 types of memory. Puprose of the brain is survival; if info is not meaningful it is not stored. Procedural Declarative unconsious habit or skill
rote rehersal
decoding consious memory
episodic
semantic The AMYGDALA holds emotional memory. The HYPPOCAMPUS stores episodic memory. It can either impede or enhance. 4 Major Lobes Occipital Temporal Frontal Parietal Structure of the Brain Neuroscience NEURONS are the basic building block of the nervous systmem. AXON is an electrical
impulse that delivers
messages. DENDRITES recieve
informationfrom other
cells. SYNAPSE is the intersection of axon and dendrite and releases chemical nerostransmitters. "Learning is the art of making connections". The learning process is a
complex and evolving system.
As teachers and students shift
the focus from teaching and
learning, we must embrace
and build upon the
principles and methods that help students find success and growth in the classroom. Summary Brain Research
can facilitate
a shift in focus
from teaching
to learning. General findings
from neuroscience
will help
educators make
more informed
decisions. Educators
have the opportunity
and responsiblity to
physically shape the
brains of students. We have to
understand
how the
brain works
in order to
enhance learning. Google Images: advanceddesignconnection.com ascd.org bettermovement.org brainleadersandlearners.com blog.collegenetwork.com chmvv.efoliomn.com
commons.wikimedia.org danpontefract.com david-laredo.blogspot.com depressedfan.com guitarcircus.org myhometruths.com
projects.coe.uga.edu progesteronebrain.jpg scienceblogs.com
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