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Biomimicry for Educators

Ideas to share with the education community, about what biomimicry is and how to bring it into the science class room.
by

Katina Gamleah

on 30 March 2012

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Transcript of Biomimicry for Educators

Biomimicry for Educators What is Biomimicry Why Biomimicry Nature’s Cannon @ Janine Benyus Real World Applications Ideas for PBL, year long themes, or stand alone projects! Biology (adaptation/traits/abilities)
During ecology unit/classification unit/science in society unit, have students find adaptations that could be useful in solving problems Tardigrade example.
A case study, in group(s), students follow a specific animal through every unit, to discover if they have any contribution to biomimicry.
One of the big problems listed in why biomimicry discussed and possible solutions from nature (how nature deals with the problem). Chemistry
Soil Chemistry and Prairie Farming (Janine Benyus from the book, Biomimicry)
Self assembly models and applications
Adhesives (Industrial and medical)
Bacteria can make biopolymers through fermentation which would give plastics a death date
www.asknature.org and biomimicryinstitute.org (Janine Benyus) Environmental Sciences
Ecosystems as water treatment (Chinese do this rather well)
Polyculture - the land institute (Wes Jackson)
Social structure of different species that have interdependence and work coopertavely (social wisdom/models) Physics
How water is transported through a tree against gravity (Benyus)
Nanotechnology
Alternative energy, how nature fuels itself (Benyus) Biomimicry – A method of utilizing Nature’s genius to solve human problems, keeping in mind the Nature's Cannon from start to finish of any imitation of genius. Problems Biomimicry can answer with sustainability:
Waste
Energy
Production
Social issues
Pollution
Possibe direction solutions:
Radical increase in resource efficiency
Linear to closed loop
Fossil fuel economy to solar economy It is relevant to the day.
Biomimicry is an emerging discipline, thanks to bioneers and biomimics.
Students are interested in the green movement, they have an investment in the future.
It brings girls back into the forefront because it breaks down social boundaries that begin in Junior high.
Form


Function Process Nature runs on sunlight.
Nature uses only the energy it needs.
Nature fits form to function.
Nature recycles everything.
Nature rewards cooperation.
Nature banks on diversity.
Nature demands local expertise.
Nature curbs excesses from within.
Nature taps the power of limits. Introduce Janine
to your class! *use website doc to find videos and links Geology/Earth and Space Science
There are some shapes that repeat themselves on earth and in the cosmos. Find some function or information in matter which keep these images constantly appearing.
Mining in microbes vs. mountain top removal How does nature make this form and function work? Is there more information in the process that humans could emulate?
Self assembly of crustaceans – Ions put into the sea water to attract elements to coat its shell with more layers of hard calcium carbonate and chitin – application – harder ceramics that assemble at room temperature (Sandia labs) and many more applications.
Cooling ventilation that termites use in their mounds in Africa consist of opening and closing vents (all day long) and allowing hot hair to rise and escape through the chimneys – application – no air conditioned buildings saving energy cost (already produced with evidence of energy cost savings). The why factor, what purpose does a shape, trait, or process have, what is its function?
For the peacock the ‘more’ vibrant blue feathers they have the more likely they will get a mate.
For the pollen, to transfer genetic make-up
Shape and structure
Life adds information to matter
Color on butterfly wings and peacock feathers is not a pigment at all, but the shape of the structures give it that vibrant blue.
Pollen is designed to fly with the wind (different canyons in the particle allow wind to grab, pull and take to its new destination)
Lotus leaf microscopic shape enables the lotus effect - application - Lotusan paint where dirt washes off buildings every rainfall.
Changing the nose shape of the bullet train in Japan to that of the Kingfisher head - result - 10% faster, 15 % less energy, and no sound coming out of tunnels. Architecture and Mathematics
Structures build upon natures best designs (Michael Pawlyn)
Geometry from nature add strength, efficiency, and can be built on limited budget of resources Prezi created by Katina Gamleah
find resource guide on kgsci.weebly.com
under the tab Ref (reference for teachers) Biodiversity Lotus Effect! Nature rewards cooperation
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