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Transcript of Baseball
"How Baseball Is Made." Madehow.com. Advameg, Inc, n.d. Web. 27 Apr 2013.
"Ingredients of Baseball?" Blog.naver.com. Mafk, 18 June 2007. Web. 25 Apr. 2013.
"Baseball (ball)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Apr. 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.
Walters, Chad. "Manufacturing Process of Baseballs." Lean Blitz Do It Better. Learn Blitz Consulting LLC, 10 Apr. 2012. Web. 01 May 2013.
Chiu, Tingko. "Baseball." Blogger. The 100mile Design Challenge, 2 July 2012. Web. 01 May 2013.
"How Cork Is Manufactured." Wineanorak.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 May 2013.
Lee, Allen. "Baseball Rubber Cork Core." Alibaba.com. Hong Kong Limited, n.d. Web. 01 May 2013. (Rawlings) Cork pill Cowhide leather 3,4 ply wool yarn/poly yarn Cork & rubber core, or cork pill, is from Fujian, China
- Costs $0.5 per piece
- Cork is 1 inch in diameter
- 2 shells of black rubber(4mm thick each) are molded to cork
- Thin layer of red rubber is molded
- It should be about 24.8 grams It takes 13- 14 minutes for a worker to hand-sew Cowhide leather is from Zhejiang, China
- Costs $15 per square meter
- Removing the skin from dead cow
- Salted, tanned, dried and painted
- Compressed to 1-2 mm
- Cut into same size 350 sewers produce 8000-10000 balls a day 3/4 ply wool yarn is from Inner Mongolia, China- $10 per kg
Poly yarn is from Zhejiang, China- $2.2 per kilogram
- Removing a sheep's fleece
- Scouring with hot water and detergent
- Carding(straightening the fibers and removing all unwanted materials)
- Spinning and twisting into yarn 1. The workers put the cork pills in container and pour latex in it.
2. The container evenly distributes the glue on the pills.
3. 4 ply grey wool yarn is winded around the core by winding machine.
4. 3 ply white wool yarn is winded on it again.
5. 3 ply grey wool yarn is winded on it again.
6. Poly yarn is winded on final layer for smooth surface.
7. The workers put the balls in container and pour latex in it.
8. They cut the cowhide leathers into 8 like shape using hydraulic compressor.
9. Skilled workers stitch 2 pieces of leather together
10. Pressing machine makes the surface smoother.
11. Trademark, logo and commissioner signature is stamped on balls In MLB(Major League Baseball), each team orders 113,850 balls per year because about 60 to 70 balls are used in a match. Product delivery Baseballs are used for playing baseball.games Energy used Used balls are used for practicing or sold for cheaper price.
Many MLB teams use a "ball recycler" or "ball renewing" machine. There are few manufacturers of these machines around, but at $1,500 per unit.
They do this by loading a small drum with 20 to 30 baseballs and a dry cleaning agent inside, then rotating the drum similar to a rock polishing machine. It's quite effective, and it looks like the baseballs are renewed to about 90 to 95% of their original condition. Ships, trucks, Airplanes Energy used Residues and pollutants Human energy and
fuel energy used Fuel for transportation Other things needed Electrical energy to mechanical energy when container works
Electrical energy to mechanical energy when winding yarn around
Electrical energy to mechanical energy when stamping trademark, logo and commissioner signature Exhaust gas (Co2) from trucks, ships and airplanes Bat
Glove Necessities Accessories Helmet
Etc Kinetic energy when rubber is being poured in the mold Potential energy when rubber is hardened Electrical energy to mechanical energy when leather is being compressed Electrical energy to mechanical energy when yarn is getting span Thank you for watching & listening! Final cost: $3-6 Transporters and drivers of vehicles used to transport Energy used Residues and Pollutants Other costs Human and Fuel energy Human energy is needed to play baseball Other costs Residues and Pollutants Refurbishment/Disposal, Recycling A lot of electricity is required to run all the machines Left parts of cowhide leather is thrown away because it is cut into 8 like shape. Human labor for cutting leather and stitching Energy used Fuel energy to mechanical energy when moving vehicles Energy used Potential energy to kinetic energy when pitcher throws the ball
Kinetic energy to kinetic energy when batter hits the ball
Kinetic energy to potential energy when fielder or catcher catches it Residues & pollutants Electrical energy to mechanical energy when ball renewing machine works It takes 3-4 years for a baseball to decompose Trees for cork and rubber Cows and sheep for cowhide and yarns Thrown in the ocean/buried in the ground Other costs Ball renewing machine
People who recycle People who delivers the boxes Residues from sheep's fleece and cowhide after washing and cleaning Other costs Fuel Driver's salary Ships, trucks and airplanes