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WHERE: Understanding the Conflict Context

Chapter 5 in Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning
by

Lisa Schirch

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of WHERE: Understanding the Conflict Context

Chapter 5 in Conflict Assessment & Peacebuilding Planning
WHERE:
Understanding the Conflict Context

Nested model of micro and macro conflict
Cycle of violence map
Appreciative inquiry
Connectors and dividers
Institutional capacity mapping and human security baseline
Nested Model of Micro and Macro Context
5 Lenses for Understanding Context
Key Questions
What does this lens help us see?
Key Concepts
Conflict happens in an interdependent system.

Conflicts are not usually completely unique. There are patterns in the ways humans relate to each other.

Conflict assessment examines those patterns and looks for how they manifest in the personal, relational, national and global system.
Cycle of Violence Map
Key Questions
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Key Concepts
Direct violence refers to physical harm

Structural violence refers to disabilities and deaths that result from systems, institutions, policies that create economic, social, educational and survival disparities between groups.

Interstate violence, Intergroup violence, Interpersonal violence and self-destructive violence are inter-related.
Most conflicts are related to other larger conflicts or patterns
Strategic peacebuilding planning links efforts to address a specific "micro" conflict to efforts to address the "macro" level of the conflict
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
What does this lens help us see?
The relationship between structural violence and forms of secondary violence such as intergroup, interpersonal and self-destructive violence
Peacebuilding requires addressing different forms of violence - root causes as well as symptoms
What does this lens help us see?
Appreciative Inquiry
Connectors and Dividers
Institutional Capacity &
Human Security Baseline
What does this lens help us see?
Identifies capacity and resilience of local people and institutions that can respond to conflict
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Identifies real or potential local solutions to local problems
Key Concepts
Local capacities for peace - includes people and institutions that foster positive intergroup relations
Resilience- capacity of a system to survive, adapt, respond to a crisis
What does this lens help us see?
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Identifies range of factors in the context that contribute to divisions between groups (dividers) or fosters better relationships (connectors).
Maximizes impacts by designing programs that both address dividers and connectors.
Key Concepts
Systems and Institutions
Attitudes and Actions
Shared Values and Interests
Common Experiences
Symbols and Occasions
What does this lens help us see?
How does this lens contribute to peacebuilding planning?
Identifies how well formal and informal governance works to meet human needs and protect human security
Guides planners on how to strengthen governance and fill gaps
Key Concepts
5 categories of formal and informal governance

Governance for peace

Institutional Resilience & Performance

Human security baseline

Indicators of institutional performance, early warnings, and connectors
This powerpoint is a resource to be used with the book shown here, published by Lynn Rienner/Kumarian Press, 201.

For more teaching/learning tools, please visit the book's website at:
www.conflict_assessment_and_peacebuilding_planning.org

Dividers
can increase
conflict by dividing
people
Early Warning
Signs that indicate
violent conflict is approaching
Connectors can decrease conflict by building shared values between groups
conflict
Peacebuilding programs aim to reduce the impact of dividers and amplify the impact of connectors.
Full transcript