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Different Types of Allusions
Transcript of Different Types of Allusions
Something (such as a word, an object, a person or an event) in a work that is mistakenly placed in a time where it does not belong
Effects of Anachronism
Most anachronisms are accidental, creating a source of embarrassment
The effect of a planned anachronism can be a source of creativity and humor
In literature, romantic writers sometimes use anachronisms for dramatic effects despite the historical errors involved.
A statement that refers to the Bible without directly mentioning it
By Heather Binder and Hannah Nesheim
Cultural (Pop Culture)
A statement that refers to history without directly mentioning it
Pop Cultural Allusion
"She is caught in a bad romance"
Effects of Allusions
Lets the reader/ viewer understand new information, characters, setting, plot, etc. by connecting it to something already well-known.
A humorous way of using a word or phrase so that more than one meaning is suggested
Effects of Malapropisms
The word malapropism comes from a character named Mrs. Malaprop, who continually uses words incorrectly in Richard Sheridan’s play The Rivals (1775).
The French phrase "mal a propos" means “bad for the purpose,”
Effects of Puns
An effective way to create humor in a work
Allows readers/viewers to provoke their thoughts
Increase clarity when we’re trying to recognize the meaning of a text
Introduces uncertainty in a work
“He was a good samaritan yesterday when he helped the lady start her car.”
“It is raining so hard, I hope it doesn’t rain for 40 days and 40 nights.”
A statement that indirectly refers to other well-known literary works
“I was surprised Jim's nose was not growing like Pinocchio’s.”
Example from Mythology:
"Chocolate was her Achilles’ heel.”
"A war between one nation freed hundreds of thousands of enslaved people."
"Millions of innocent lives were lost due to the prejudice views of a ruthless German dictator."
Additional Tip: A political allusion is always historical, but a historical allusion does not always involve politics.
A cultural allusion is an association of phenomena with a given community or culture.
May provide credibility to an argument
Makes a reader/viewer think and relate the current topic to previous knowledge
“Brutus: Peace! Count the clock.
Cassius: The clock has stricken three.”
During a conversation with Rose, Jack reveals that he and his father went ice fishing out on Lake Wissota, a real lake in Wisconsin. The problem is Lake Wissota is a man-made reservoir that was created five years after the Titanic sank, in 1917.
An amusing error that occurs when a person mistakenly uses a word that sounds like another word, but that has a very different meaning
Rainy weather can be hard on the sciences. (sinuses)
"The law I sign today directs new funds... to the task of collecting vital intelligence... on weapons of mass production." - George W. Bush
The strategy of malapropism is typically used to produce a comic effect.
A man walks into a psychiatrist’s office wearing only shorts made of plastic wrap. The shrink says, “Well, I can clearly see you’re nuts.”
A zoo had a camel with no humps named 'Humphrey.'
Alice said she couldn't eat crabs or any other crushed Asians.
In the classic movie, Forest Gump, The letter from Apple Computer is dated September 21st, 1975, when Apple wasn't a public company open for investment until 3 January 1977
B.) Historical allusion
C.) Cultural allusion
“He was a real Romeo with the ladies.”
B.) Literary allusion
C.) Historical allusion
Level 1: Name That Strategy
Level 2: Visual Test
Level 3: D.I.Y.
Create your own anachronism about Jesus
A statement that is an indirect reference to a work, person, event, etc.
Four types of allusion are biblical, historical, cultural and literary
Malapropisms, anachronisms and puns are used to create humor
Allusions will help in an argument or a formal essay
Malapropisms, anachronisms and puns will most likely, but not always, be used in informal writing
Malapropisms and anachronisms are usually accidental
"Come on guys, 'we're all in this together' (high school musical tune)"