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United Arab Emerites
Transcript of United Arab Emerites
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
The UAE is situated in the Middle East/Southwest Asia, bordering the Gulf of Oman and Saudi Arabia.
The UAE lies between 22 degrees 50' and 26 degrees north latitude and between 51 degrees and 56 degrees 25' east longitude.
It shares a 19km border with Qatar on the northwest, a 530km border with Saudi Arabia on the west, south and southeast and a 450km border with Oman on the southeast and northeast.
The absolute location of the UAE is 24.4667N 54.3667E and the total square area of the UAE is 83,600 square kilometers which is smaller than Tasmania.
Absolute and Relative Location
The UAE is a federation of seven individual states, all ruled by emirs.
The population of the UAE is 5, 473, 972 and population growth in the UAE is among the highest in the world, mostly due to immigration.
Life expectancy for adults is 77.29 years.
A high proportion of the population is well educated with 93.8% of males and 95.8% females attending school. Literacy rates are high at 78%.
Arabic is the official and national language of the UAE. English is widely used as a second language.
Islam is the majority religion in the UAE. Other religions represented include Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism and Sikhism are practiced by non nationals.
Demographics of UAE
Australia's population is estimated at 23.9 million. The growth of the Australian population is due to a natural increase as well as immigration. As with many western nations, Australia has an aging population.
The life expectancy in Australians is 82.1 years.
The poverty rate in Australia is 13.9% and unemployment rate is 6.4%
Australians have a high level of education with over 96% of the population having access to a school education.
English is the most commonly spoken language in Australia. Religion is Australia is diverse, but the population is predominantly Christian. Other religions practiced include Muslim, Judaism, Buddhism and Hinduism.
Australia has access to clean water supplies.
Demographics of Australia
The United Arab Emirates, also known
as the UAE, is a very wealthy country. The UAE is recognised for large exports of oil and gas. The country is predominately dry and hot and relies on desalination plants to provide clean, fresh water. Abu Dhabi and Dubai are striving cities that have become popular for business and tourist travelers with impressive hotels, entertainment options and shopping centres.
The UAE is a dry, hot, arid to semi arid climate. The hottest months of the year are July and August when the average maximum temperatures exceed 40 degrees celsius
The total area of the UAE is 83, 600 square km, which is 7000km2 smaller than Tasmania.
Only 3.04 % of the country can be used for farming.
Similarities to Australia
Issue Confronting the Country
Like Australia, the UAE is a rapidly growing tourist destination with beautiful beaches, deserts and tours.
Abu Dhabi and Dubai are modern cities famous for their high rise buildings and stylish hotels.
Both countries have access to clean water. The UAE relies on desalination plants to provide access to clean water.
Both countries have relatively high rates of literacy, with Australia at 99% and the UAE at 78%.
Life expectancy in both countries is high with ages of 77 and 82 for the UAE and Australia.
The UAE has traditionally been dependent on oil and gas exports as a major revenue source.
While this has provided strong economic returns, the UAE had become very dependent on this revenue source.
As with all natural resources, there is a risk of depletion over time. Threats to oil supplies, environmental concerns, such as oil spills and pollution would create serious economic challenges for the UAE.
There is a need to develop and sustain a reliable non-oil income as a secondary economic strategy.
History Of The Issue
Oil was first discovered in the UAE in 1966 and the export of oil from the UAE started in 1969.
This very profitable export market ensured the rapid growth and development of wealth in the region.
Dubai has approximately 4 billion barrels of oil available for export.
Over time, this resource will be depleted.
It is proposed that oil supplies may be exhausted within 20 years.
Impact or Reasoning of issue
The threat of oil depletion is a serious concern for the UAE. If the supply of oil ran out today, 75,000 people would be without employment.
The economy would be seriously compromised.
An oil spill on the beaches of the UAE would have considerable economic and financial consequences for the region.
The attraction of the UAE as a tourist destination would be compromised.
Further, as the UAE is dependent on the operation of large scale desalination plants to provide a reliable source of water, the scarcity of oil would compromise the operation of these plants.
To address the risk of future oil shortages and hydrocarbon depletion, the UAE has established a secondary economic strategy to ensure the continued growth of the region.
In recent years, the UAE has focused on developing tourism as a economic resource that will sustain and support the economy into the future.
This strategy has seen the development and promotion of the UAE as an attractive tourist destination, with luxury hotels, appealing to business and leisure travelers.
Differences To Australia
The UAE does not have any enforced federal income tax legislation for general business. Income tax is restricted to foreign banks and oil companies and citizens of the UAE do not pay income tax.
In Australia, income received is taxed at progressive rates from 30 to 50%, while income from companies is taxed at a flat rate of 30%.
The unemployment rate is the UAE is very low at 4.1% and has declined in recent years. In Australia the unemployment rate is considerable higher at 6.1% and increased in recent years.
Annual average income in the UAE was $47,439 in 2012.
In Australia, the annual average income was
Australia's hottest months are December to February, while the hottest months in the UAE are June to September each year.
In conclusion, the UAE is a wealthy country with an abundance of natural resources that have sustained a strong economy for several decades. To ensure the continued growth of the UAE into the future, tourism has become a focus of the UAE's economic strategy.