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The Zone of Proximal Development

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on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of The Zone of Proximal Development

The Zone of Proximal Development
The Way out
The Zone of Proximal Development
The zone of proximal development (Russian: зона ближайшего развития), often abbreviated ZPD, is the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can do with help. It is a concept introduced yet not fully developed by Soviet psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896–1934) during the last two years of his life.
The Zone of Proximal Development in the Classroom
In a classroom setting, the teacher is responsible for structuring interactions and developing instruction in small steps based on tasks the learner is already capable of performing independently — an instructional strategy known as
. The instructor is also charged with providing support until the learner can move through all tasks independently.
The Zone of Proximal Development in the middle school art class.
Using the Zone to teach Tessellation
M.C. Escher
Cut out a small square. Then cut our the bird or other image that you want to tessellate.
Trace your shape on the 3" x 6" (7.5cm x 15cm) paper until it is full. Match all of the edges together like a puzzle piece. Keep repeating this pattern.
Go over your lines with a black permanent marker creating your design.
Color in your design using contrast or complimentary colors to create a three dimensional effect.
This lesson plan works with the Zone of Proximal Development because it is based on small steps that the learner is capable of performing independently but uses the instructional strategy by scaffolding the steps towards a greater result.
How the ZPD Works
The Zone of Proximal Development in a High School History Class.
Using the Revolutionary War as a Scaffold
Most students come into class knowing that the Revolutionary war was between Great Britain and her colonies. However, most do not know what precautionary measures were taken to keep the war from actually taking place.
The first step would be to break the students into small groups and have them make a timeline of all the events that led to the war.
The second step would be to have the students identify whether these events were taken to avoid war, or to heighten tensions.
The last step would be to have the groups decide whether the colonists had a reasonable excuse to start a revolution.
Finally you could have groups compare what their findings were to see what groups thought differently about some events.
ZPD In Health
Gauging healthy habits in your students is as important as their academic knowledge.
Due to the sensitive and awkward nature of many topics discussed in health, students are more likely to ask each other questions than their teacher. This can be used to your advantage.
ZPD Lesson Plan
Ask students to log everything they've eaten in a day and estimate their total calorie consumption.
Students then look up their calorie consumption on My Fitness Pal, LoseIt! or similar iPad app.
How Many Calories Are You Eating?
ZPD In Health
After reviewing each students perceived vs. actual, pair the students so that the stronger students are paired with those who need more help.
ZPD in Health
Because the students share similar circumstances and eating habits (cafeteria selections, vending options, etc) the students are more likely to ask each other questions than the instructor who may not understand their habits.
ZPD In Health
By using scaffolding, the students utilize more of their proximal zone than simply listening to instructor comments. Throughout the week, students will gain a greater understanding of their food choices.
In Review
The Zone of Proximal Development, or ZPD, is the difference between what the student can do with and without the help from a teacher.
By using the
Zone of Proximal Development
technique, you as a teacher can help students become better students that can more easily grasp the subject matter.
With the technique called
, the teacher can help a student along with slow steps that will slowly bring the students level up beyond what the student could have accomplished by themselves. Eventually when the student has mastered these steps they will be able to do them independently and without help.
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