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Occupational Activity Analysis

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Tessa Craver

on 10 March 2016

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Transcript of Occupational Activity Analysis


Older Adult Activities
Occupational Activity Analysis: Hagedorn
Occupational Analysis Model: Reed and Sanderson Critique
Occupational Activity Analysis: Reed and Sanderson Model
Occupational Activity Analysis: Older Adult
Occupational Analysis Framework: Hagedorn Structure Critique
Anna Bullimore, Rhian Harman, Bethan Taylor, Elain Huws, and Tessa Craver

Cardiff University
21 January 2015

References
Hagedorn, R. 1997.
Foundations for practice in occupational therapy.
2nd ed. London: Churchill.

Hagedorn, R. 2000.
Tools for practice in occupational therapy: A structured approach to core skills and processes.
Toronto, Ontario.

Reed, K. L., & Sanderson, S.R. 1980.
Concepts of occupational therapy
. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins


Conclusion
Physical nature of Aqua Aerobics made Hagedorn's Framework appropriate
In-depth analysis guided us to collaborate on the occupation
Framework analyzed this particular self care activity, however it is not always the case
Takes into consideration diversity within cultures
Western Leisure Centre provides free swimming lessons & aqua aerobics for 60+.
Welsh Assembly Government provides free swimming for 60+
Aqua Aerobics- Bethan's observations from personal experience
Aqua Aerobics as a Self Care category
Baking a Cake- Elain's observations from personal experience
Baking as Leisure and Productivity category
Difficulties defining productivity category for older adult.
Pros:
Simple and obvious structure to follow
Thorough and comprehensive in particular physical areas
Ease of analysis through observation and/or participation
Client Centered
Cons:
Cross reference from different texts to understand true framework
Vague explanations of headings and contradictory information on 1995, 1997 and 2000 versions
Macroanalysis and Activity analysis hierarchical specifications not clearly defined and repetitive
Lacking psychosocial perspective
Time consuming and rigid

Pros
Cons
no clear starting point
doesn't specify how the occupation is done- (sequencing- harder to pinpoint problem)
gives a broad overview of the occupation
performance skills provide prompts for an in depth analysis -detail
holistic
easy tool to use as a beginner
flexible- work at any level then expand
Performance skills
easier to follow
using the model as opposed to the framework
Client-centeredness
is more apparent in the model because the individual is always in the center and all elements are connected. The framework considers the
purpose
of the individual however not always as apparent
Applying the framework was
time consuming
, the model was more time efficient
Model allowed for
clearer interpretation
whereas the framework produced varied results of analysis
Reed and Sanderson model useful for
assessment
through to intervention whereas the Hagedorn Framework is particularly appropriate for breaking down an occupation for
intervention and planning
occupational adaptations

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Productivity
"Those activities or task that are done to enable the person to provide support for the self, family and society through the production of goods" (Reed and Sanderson)
Model's definition suits the Older Adult's productivity.
Psycho social - Inter/Intra personal - helps an Older Adult's self-esteem and sense of belonging to a community.
Socio-cultural = stereotype of the older adult baking a cake.
Appropriateness of Analysing Occupations
The Model offers flexibility to fit an occupation into a variety of different categories pending on the individual.
Leisure activities benefit one's psychological well-being.
Reed and Sanderson takes a humanistic approach.
Gives priority of leisure in terms of a healthy person due to humanistic approach and appreciates the importance of leisure.
Occupational Activity Analysis: Reed and Sanderson Model
Leisure
Holistic
approach utilised - healthy older adult activity successfully performed the occupation
Aids planning of
intervention
to pinpoint area to be worked on and to understand the
baseline
to recognise atypical performance of an occupation
Assists in appropriately
grading
an activity
Recognising the
inter-connected
elements to an occupation
Acts as a
trigger/reminder
providing skill acquisition as opposed to knowledge
Helps to
transfer
to other case studies but adjust depending on the
individual needs
of the service-user
Full transcript