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Transcript of HASAWA
1990 The UK has one of the lowest accident rates in the world. The HSW is one of the main reasons that have helped this happen. The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is the primary piece of legislation that covers occupational health and safety in the UK. This at was enforced by the Health and Safety Executive. This Act has had a huge influence in the UK as accident rates have dropped dramatically. This Act applies to employees, the self employed, people on work experience, apprentices, volunteers, mobile workers and home workers. The HSW act requires what good management and common sense would lead employers to do anyway, which is to recognise what the risks are and take reasonable measures to reduce them or overcome them. Employers are responsible for the health and safety of employee’s workers from other organisations and any visitors that are on the premises. Employers have to: •Carry out a thorough risk assessment before opening any business •Ensure that there is a health and safety policy written for the setting and have someone who is responsible for health and safety •Have a record of all accidents and incidents that happen •Provide safety equipment , written health and safety information and training •Ensure the workplace is fully insured. When the Food Safety Act 1990 was introduced it basically gave health inspectors more power. . Health inspectors will have a thorough look around the business setting to identify any potential hazards, if they found some they have the power to temporarily and permanently close down the business until the situation was over come. The Food Safety
(General Food Hygiene) Regulations 1995 This regulation came into force in September 1995. Anyone who owns, manages or works in a food business is affected by these regulations. These regulations aim to prevent cases of food poisoning. They focus strongly on how to identify and control food safety risk and every stage of preparing food. A food premises has basic requirements such as: • Food areas must be kept clean and good standards of personal hygiene are maintained • All foods are cook thoroughly • All foods are stored at the correct temperature • Cross-contamination is prevented Data Protection Act
1998 The Data protection act 1998 is mandatory to all organisations that contain personal information. Most organisations use computers to store personal information. There were issues that the information could be misused or get into the wrong hands. The Data protection act 1998 was enforced to control the way information was handled and to give rights to people what have information stored about them. Health and social care service have a lot of sensitive information and patients. It is important that this information is only used when necessary. Records of treatment given to children and maternity records must be kept until they are 25 years old; unless the child has died then the records will be kept until eight years after their death. Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 is basically wheat employers need to follow to manage the Health and Safety at Work Act. The act applies to every work activity that takes place. Risk assessments are required in an organisation has five or more employees. Employers must also:
- Identify that any health and safety precautions are known and risk assessment are carried out. - Make sure that any competent people are appointed to help put all health and safety precautions and any emergency procedures in place - They have to provide information and training easy enough for employees to follow. Care home regulations In every care home it is important that there is a manager that has a qualification in Leadership and Management in Care services or they should be studying for one. The manager is responsible to making sure there are no hazards that the patient/services are at risk of harm
. The manager is also in charge of making sure that any staffs are not a risk to the patient/service users. If an incident occurs involving a member of staff then they have to be suspended whilst an investigation is carried out. The employee is not allowed to work and be around any patient/service users whilst the investigation is underway. If any dangerous events happen in a care home then the Care Quality Commission have to be informed as son at the incident happens. This applies to every care home. Safeguarding Health and social care staff is now more aware of what abuse is regarded as due to the legislations, policies and procedure that safe guard vulnerable groups. This legislation now help a lot of people to understand what steps to take if they suspect any one suffering from abuse or if someone tells them they are being abuses. The procedures that are in place help with finding the people that have already committed offense to decrease the risk to vulnerable people, elderly people, those that have any learning disabilities and people that suffer mental health issues. People that now choose to work with vulnerable people, elderly people or young children have to undergo an enhanced disclosure. They have to be checked by the criminal records bureau (CRB). A CRB checks if an individual have committed a crime before. This has to be done to make sure that they are suitable to work with vulnerable people, elderly people and young staff. Influences The requirement to work within the law ad meet minimum standards has a huge influence on how organisation deliver care. Staff These standards tell the manager or the organisation the number of care staff that is needed to provide a good level of care Managers are also reasonable for making sure there is always the right number of staff working to meet the requirements. If there is a lack of staff working then other staff members can become stressed, affecting their level of care that they provide. A way to deal with this is to have agency staff to help.
However, this may not be the best option because agency staff are not familiar with the patients and they patient hasn't built the level of trust needed for them to feel confident. Premises The legislations, policies and procedures also have an influence on the location and the type of building that is needed to carry out care. An inspection needs to be carried out from the CQC have to check that the building is a safe environment and that the patients that will be using the building will not be at risk of harm. This needs to take place before the building is allowed to open. An important factor is access to the premises. Any entrances have to be in a good place to allow visitors to come and go with any hassle. There also has to be parking spaces for visitors to use so that the road is blocked up.. The entrance has to be in a good place to allow visitors to come and go with any hassle. There also has to be parking spaces for visitors to use so that the road is blocked up. Practices It is important that the managers and senior staff understand what the law expects when they are writing the policies and procedures. All members of staff have to follow the procedures to ensure they are not breaking the law. In health and social acre there are various different responsibility when it comes to health and safety because there are lots of different roles. Policies and procedures: There are policies and procedures for every organisation some vary from others depending on the nature of the organisation. It is very important that policies and procedures are followed to keep the patients and staff safe from anything harm. It is important to carry out task such as: reporting accidents, disposal of body wastes, cleaning, storing and dispensing of medicines and safeguarding efficiently and appropriately. Policies have to be monitored often to reduce any hazards situation occurring. Manager has a responsibility to make sure that if a new member of staff in starting the job they have to sign a contract which includes that they have follow the policies and procedure. Roles Employers are the people that supply you with the job. The employers make an individual and manager and they act on behalf of the employer and they take reasonability for the safe well being of the staff, users and visitors. If an incident occurred and someone got hurt or if security is breached then it is the employer that will be investigated. The employer has to make sure that everything practical was done to keep the person safe. In different organisations there will be a different approach to the management of health and safety. Someone will be chosen to be to be the health and safety representative that looks at anything to do with health and safety. The manager must be positive that this representative is responsible enough for the role. All employers have to carry our risk assessment, this job may also be give to a representative, some employers offer private health insurance or really good terms and conditions of employment. They usually do this to encourage the workforce to stay at the organisation. The employer also has to make sure that all members of staff are fully trained and fully capable of doing their job to the best of their ability. Insurance cover Insurance is always needed in the workplace to cover any accidents that might occur. The insurance will also give out any compensation staff may need if they are badly injured and are unable to work. Employees In health and social care there are lots of different job roles. This includes nurses; social workers; occupational therapist and skilled staff such as youth workers and early years workers. Legislations, policies and procedure all have an effect of specific training that needs to be provided for different staff members. Training has to be provided before they start the job and throughout the job. The CQC require all new staff members to get training within the first 12 weeks of employment following health and safety topics. The topics that need to be looked over are:
- Moving and handling
- Fire safety
- Basic first aid
- Infection control
- Abuse Employees have the responsibility to report any accident or emergency that they know has happened. Also a record must be kept of any accidents and incidents that happen. Users of service Users of any health and social care services are not allowed to cause any danger or harm to staff and anyone else. For example, they cannot ask to be manually lifted if they are scared of using a hoist. If a service user was being violent or aggressive the staffs has a right to not treat them because they are putting themselves at risk of harm. Local authority Any settings that are owned by the council can give advice to the managers. Occupational therapists are employed by the local authority and they can give advice when someone is being checked for aids and adaptions to their home. If an individual was becoming more ill and it affecting their mobility then the local authority can make adaptations to their home to allow them to stay there. However, these adaptions have got to meet the safety standards. National Health Service trust NHS trust a lot of health and safety obligations. They have to make sure all procedures are carried out as safety as they can be. The NHS Security Management service is responsible for the security of all NHS staff and property in England. Including:
- Making sure all NHS staff are protected from violence and abuse
- Making sure that appropriate action is taken against the people who abuse or try to abuse NHS staff
- Making sure that the security of property, facilities, equipment and resources such as drugs are safe. Anyone that visits a health and social care setting should use their common sense for health and safety. They should also behave in a sensible and considerate way when they are around other patients. Responsibilities Following organisational safety and security procedure Employees cannot claim compensation if they are involved in an accident or incident if they was not following procedures. To prevent any accidents from happening the employee have to use the equipment that is provided, attend any training sessions and stick to all the guidance that is given to keep you safe. Safe storage and use of materials and equipment It is very important the employees follow instructions when it comes to storing and using any sort or materials. For example if they are using a hazardous substance that is flammable then it cannot be stored near a heat source. Tidiness is really important when working in a care environment. If things are kept tidy then it will prevent any falls from occurring and items can be found quickly if it was an emergency. Making risk assessments Risk assessments are essential in identifying any possible risks that could occur in a health and social care setting. Students are not allowed to complete a risk assessment without having and member of staff supervising you. Minimising risks In any health and social care setting it is your responsibilities to recognise any hazards that could happen. If a hazardous substance was being using it could cause the spread of infection or if a liquid was spilt someone could slip on it. These incidents must be reported or some actions taken such as putting up a warning sign to prevent any risky situations. If there are objects in the way or fire exits or there are wires on the floor that could be tripped on then they should be moved. Health and safety incidents and emergencies always have to be recorded in writing so that there is a recorded of the incident if action was to be taken in the future. Records have to have as much detail in a possible so it is clear to anyone who is reading it was happened. These records must also be kept safe for three years. Understanding limits of own responsibilities It is very important that you keep work activities limited to the people who are fully trained to do it. If an individual is under 18 year old then they are restricted to do any work activity under the Care Standards Act.