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case study: Brazil and migration

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Sara Pezzoni

on 8 October 2014

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Transcript of case study: Brazil and migration

What is Migration?
International Migration!
There have been periods of migration
-Colonization:
Discovered by the Portuguese
French/Dutch colonies established
Slaves brought into the country for work
Independence brought european settlers
Frequent wars in the 20/21st lead to an influx of refugees.
Following an economic crisis in the 80's people migrated to other countries.
Internal Migration?

What is the trend In Brazil?
From North to South

How significant is the migration?
20 million have migrated. Urban population reached 75% by 1991. Average growth of urban population of 5% a year


case study: Brazil and migration
Bibliography
Brazil Background Information
The laws of migration
Number of migrants coming in?
Why are they coming in? Impact. Where are they coming from?
In recent years, due to the euro crisis and a reshaping of the world economy, together with other emerging economies Brazil has been increasingly seen as an attractive destination for those seeking better job opportunities.



Life in Brazil?
It is not only educated people from Europe, affected by the tough economic situation, who see Brazil as an option; Brazilian authorities and economists recognize the economy’s need for highly skilled workers and increasingly tend to portray Brazil as “an island of prosperity in the world”.
Push Factors:
- Pressure on the land means there is not enough land to live on
-Large families mean there is not enough land for each child to live off.
-Quality of life is low - long hours, hard work & little pay hardship when the harvest is poor.
-Natural disasters like periods of drought.
-Lack of land tenure.
-Schools are poor and overcrowded.
-Poor Healthcare.
-Little Government investment some laborers lose their jobs when owners buy machines.


Pull:
-Better chances of jobs.
-Jobs in cities pay more than farming.
-Hope for a better life.
-Improved housing with electricity and water.
-Better schools - it’s the only way to escape poverty.
-Better hospitals.

-Ziff/Stouffer:
Inter state travel.

Lee's Push&Pull:
/Job opportunities
/Crime
/Disparity


Benefits and limitations:

The positives
More taxes for the government
Better access to healthcare
More educated population
More people working, contributing to the economy.

The negatives:
More pollution
Disparity
Crime

According to the latest estimates of the Brazilian foreign office, in 2007 98% of emigrants were living in four regions: North America (42 %), Europe (25 %), South America (20 %) and Asia (10 %). The remaining 2% were distributed throughout Central America, Africa, Oceania and the Middle East.
The new trend
Brazilians Migrating out of the Country
Less people migrate to Mega cities.

People are encouraged to move to the frontier:
-Agriculture
-Job opportunities
-Deforestation
-Largest country in both South America/Latin America.

-8.5 million square kilometers/170 million people

-Age structure:
0-14: 26.7
15-64: 66.8
>65: 6.5

-Annual growth rate of 1.199%
"South America: Brazil." The World FactBook. Central Intelligence Agency, 23
June 2014. Web. 26 Sept. 2014. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/br.html

"Brazil." Focus Migration. Federal Agency for Civic Education, 2008. Web. 26 Sept. 2014. http://focus-migration.hwwi.de/Brazil.5879.0.html?&L=1

"Brazil Net Migration." Index Mundi. Index Mundi, 2014. Web. 26 Sept. 2014. http://www.indexmundi.com/brazil/net_migration_rate.html

"New Resolution from the Brazilian National Immigration Council Changes the
90-day Technical Visa Applications." Davis LLP. Davis LLP International Law
& Trade Bulletin, 28 May 2013. Web. 26 Sept. 2014. http://www.davis.ca/en/publication/brazilian-national-immigration-council-changes-short-term-technical-visa-applications/>

Leguizamo, Lucia. "Jobs for Foreigners in Brazil: A New Destination for Skilled
Migration?" Inomics. Inomics, 13 Oct. 2013. Web. 28 Sept. 2014. http://blog.inomics.com/en/jobs-for-foreigners-in-brazil-a-new-destination-for-skilled-migration/

"Brazil-Migration." Brazil-Migration. Mongabay, n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2014.


http://www.localhistories.org/brazil.html

http://www.everyculture.com/multi/A-Br/Brazilian-Americans.html

http://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/shaping-brazil-role-international-migration

http://focus-migration.hwwi.de/Brazil.5879.0.html?&L=1

http://countrystudies.us/brazil/29.htm

Short overview of migration in Brazils history
Full transcript