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Odysseus' Journey

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Nikkole M

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Odysseus' Journey

ODYSSEUS' JOURNEY By: Nikkole Maine Works Cited
www.google.com/search?num=10&hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1366&bih=665&q=island+of+the+cicones&oq=Island+of+the+ci&gs_l=img.3.0.0j0i24l2j0i5i24l2.1357.6581.0.9893.,or.r_gc.r_pw.r_qf.&fp=611e377d69293eb&bpcl=35466521&biw=1366&bih=665 Troy Soon after Odysseus's son, Telemachus was born, he had to set off to go to war in Troy. His men and him fought furiously, losing many men. He came up with the plot of the Trojan Horse. And his men and him, with the help of Poseidon, made it into the walls of Troy, and won the battle. The men set off for home. The men rejoice, but in their glory haze forget the fact the Poseidon assisted the win, which angers him. This is only the first stop in their very long journey home, to Ithaca. Island Of The Cicones Odysseus and his men land on this island after they part from Troy. They raid the island. Odysseus urges his men to take what they need and leave, but the men, drunk on victory linger taking advantage of the island and what it has to offer. They are attacked by the Cicones in their drunken state. They lost half of their men. Island Of The Lotus Eaters The lotus is a flower plant that causes extreme euphoria and the eater becomes addicted to the plant. Odysseus and his men come to this island, he sends two of his men to scout the area. When they do not return, he goes to look for them and finds them eating the plant not giving any care to what is going on around them. He ties them up and drags their unwilling bodies to the ship and sails off the island. Island Of the Cyclopes Out of desperation and a thriving need for food and water, the men land on the Island of the Cyclopes. They wander into a cave, drawn by the smell of cheese and wine. They feast and wait for the return of the owner. A huge cyclopes enters and is very displeased to have intruders. Polyphemus eats two of Odysseus' men, the men begin to panic, but Odysseus forms a brilliant plan. He introduces himself as "Nohbody", gets Polyphemus drunk, and as the cyclopes is sleeping, stabs out his eye. Polyphemus screams "NOBODY HAS BLINDED ME!!!" So no one comes to his aid and Odysseus and his men escape with Polyphemus' sheep. Aeolia Odysseus and his men land on the Aeolian Islands, home to Aeolus, God of Winds. Aeolus gives Odysseus a bag full of bad winds and tells him not to open it until he has reached Ithaca. Aeolus did this so that they would have a safe trip home. Odysseus thanks Aeolus and sails off with his crew, the weather clear. Odysseus orders his men to leave the bag alone and not to open it. He stays awake for days, and when he finally falls asleep and Ithaca is in view, his crew decide the Odysseus must be hiding treasures. They open the bag and they are swept up in a terrible storm and are blown back to Aeolia. Aeolus refuses to give them another bag and sends them away for fear that they are cursed by the Gods. Island of the Laestrygonians Odysseus and his men landed on this island and all of his fleets were viciously attacked by cannibals. Only Odysseus and his one ship of crew survived. Aeaea When Odysseus lands on the island, he sends men to scout the island. When they don't come back, he begins to worry. He sets off to find them. At which point he is encountered by the messenger Hermes. Hermes tells him that Circe is up ahead and that his only chance of survival is to eat the plant Moly. Odysseus is hesitant because Moly is a poisonous plant, but he eats it anyway. Odysseus meets Circe and sees that all his men have been turned into pigs. She gets frustrated because she doesn't understand why Odysseus is resistant to her spells. Odysseus saves his men and orders Circe to tell him how to get back home. She begs for them to say, but finally decides to tell Odysseus that he needs to find the prophet, Tiresias, in the underworld. Hades Odysseus heads to the land of the dead, and he finds the prophet there. Tiresias tells Odysseus to sail towards Scylla and Charybdis, but to take the route of Scylla. Only six men will be lost as opposed to all of them. The Sirens The Sirens sang a song to passing ships that no man can resist. So Circe gave Odysseus bee's wax to give to his crew to stop the sound. Odysseus tied himself to the pole and allowed himself to hear the song, while his men had their ears filled with wax. Odysseus says to his crew, if they see him struggle, tie him up tighter. Odysseus hears their irresistible song and struggles against the ropes, but his loyal men tie him tighter. Finally when they're out of range, and Odysseus commands them to remove the wax from their ears. Scylla/Charybdis Odysseus and his men sailed to Scylla as the prophet said and they encountered a dangerous whirlpool along with a dreary cave. They sailed into the cave and the six-headed monster, Scylla struck, devouring six of Odysseus' men. All six men cursed Odysseus as they are swallowed but at least the other men were safe. They sailed onto the next place. Thrinacia Thrinacia is the island of the sun god's cattle. Odysseus and his men land on the island, and Odysseus commands his men to leave the cattle alone. A storm traps them and keeps them on the island with no food. Odysseus parts with his men and goes off to pray for the rain to stop, but ends up falling asleep. While Odysseus is asleep, his men, filled with hunger, kill and eat part of the cattle. Helios was greatly angered by this, pleads that Zeus punish Odysseus and his men. Zeus destroys Odysseus' ship and kills his men. He leaves Odysseus alive because he knows that he was not involved. Odysseus floated for days on the ship wreckage, until he finally came back to Scylla and Charybdis. Zeus saved Odysseus by hiding him from Scylla's view and Odysseus saved himself from Charybdis by holding onto a tree, waiting for the ship wreckage to resurface. Ogygia Odysseus continued to float for miles, and he finally ended up at Ogygia, home of the goddess Calypso. Calypso was a nymph/temptress. She seduced Odysseus and kept him there for seven years as her husband, until one day the messenger Hermes commanded she release him as a message from Zeus. She offered Odysseus immortality but he refused because he wanted to get home to his wife, Penelope. He made a small boat and sailed off for home. Phaeacia As Odysseus was traveling home on his makeshift boat, Poseidon still angry with him, destroys the boat. And, to Odysseus' amazement, he is still alive as he washes up onto the shore of Phaeacia. He is helped into the palace where he is warmly welcomed by King Alcinous and Queen Arete. And he tells his story over a feast and after a song of the Trojan War is played. King Alcinous is in awe and offers Odysseus a ship and safe passage back home. He finally set off for Ithaca. Ithaca After 20 years, Odysseus is finally home. Athena disguises him as a beggar so he remains hidden and can see who has remained loyal to him after all these years. He finds his son, Telemachus, and reveals himself to him. Telemachus is in shock and does not believe that it is Odysseus because he looks so different. Odysseus explains about the bed in their house and how it was built around a living tree. Telemachus finally believes him but he is against fighting the suitors because there are so many of them. Odysseus persuades him by saying that Athena and Zeus are on their side. Odysseus, still disguised, ventures into his home and is greeted rather rudely by the suitors. The suitors even threw a stool at him, but his wounds were treated by Euryclia and she found out his identity. Odysseus commanded her quiet so as to not let on that he had returned. Telemachus hides all of the armor and weapons so the suitors could not use them. Penelope set a challenge for the suitors, if they could string Odysseus' bow and shoot it through ax handles like Odysseus used to, then that would be her choice. All of the suitors failed to be able to do this, until the beggar had a chance. He strung the bow and shot it through the axes perfectly. Athena changed Odysseus back to his regular form and in the suitors awestruck haze, Telemachus and him attacked, slaughtering the suitors. The next day, Odysseus was attacked by the suitors families. Odysseus, Telemachus, his father and loyal servants help in the battle. Zeus commanded that the fighting stop. And after so many years, Odysseus finally claimed back his land, his wife and his son. Zeus Athena Poseidon Odysseus Telemachus Penelope
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