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Spanish Preterite Tense
Transcript of Spanish Preterite Tense
EDIM 508 This presentation is intended to give students a variety of visual representations of regular and irregular conjugations in the preterite past tense in Spanish. It was also designed to demonstrate the tenses used within context through audio and visual media. This presentation could serve as an introductory tool or as a reference for review. Pennsylvania State Standards 5.1
5.3 References http://www.senorjordan.com/los-videos/ Goldhil. (2002).
Standard Deviants School: The Constructive World of Advanced Spanish: Program 06: The Preterit and Perfect Tenses [Full Video]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/ El Pretérito E-I stem-changes ¿Estás listo? Are you ready to practice? The irregulars don't stop there. Do you remember stem-changing verbs from the present tense? There are stem-changing verbs in the preterite, too! However, AR and ER verbs do NOT stem-change, EVER! Only IR verbs stem-change. There are only two types of stem-changes in the preterite, E-I and O-U. The stem-changing pattern is different from the present tense so be sure to check out these two videos. O-U stem-changes Remembering all of the irregulars? We're not done yet! There is a set of irregular verbs that have LOCO spelling changes but they all share the same endings with NO accents! Did you think you escaped the irregulars? Think again! DAR and VER are both irregular in the preterite. They have very similar endings even though one verb ends with AR and the other with ER. Take a closer look! There are two past tenses in Spanish. The Preterite and the Imperfect. The Preterite is used to talk about completed past actions that had a definite beginning or end in the past. The Imperfect is used to talk about events that were habitual or happened more than once. Imperfect is also used for background information such as descriptions, weather and emotions. Don't stop there! Let's look at ER and IR verbs now! Not all AR verbs are irregular. If a verb ends with CAR, GAR or ZAR, there will be a spelling change in the YO form. View the video to see examples of verbs ending with CAR and GAR. Follow the same pattern with any verb ending with ZAR but change the Z to a C then add the YO form ending. There are three types of verbs in Spanish. Verbs that end with AR, ER or IR. Let's look at regular verbs that end with AR. El Imperfecto Have you noticed some verbs seem to be irregular in every tense? Well, here they are again. Watch the video to see how the verbs IR, SER, TENER, ESTAR and HACER are conjugated in the preterite tense. Pay attention to patterns! Poder decir Use the same endings (E, ISTE, O, IMOS, ISTEIS, IERON) with the following verbs after you make the indicated spelling change: CABAR - CUP, SABER - SUP, ANDAR - ANDUV, QUERER - QUIS, PONER - PUS, VENIR - VIN Need help remembering all of those irregulars? Trying learning them as part of a song! Those irregulars are everywhere! The following verbs follow a similar irregular pattern with a slight twist. Since the new root ends with a J the IERON ending turns into ERON! See the two videos below for details! Be careful with any ER or IR verbs with a vowel in front of the ending! They are out to trick you! Before adding the regular third person singular and plural form, you have to also add a Y! LEER = Ellas leyeron
CREER = Usted creyó Time to practice! See if you can catch the use of the preterite in the video! saber Verbs like traer, traducir and conducir follow the same pattern.