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The Northern European Plains
Transcript of The Northern European Plains
Plains is a region with low
and flat lying plains. It is
located as the name says,
on the northern border of
Europe. The Northern European Plains These plains extend from the Alps to the Baltic Sea. Due to major water sources like the Baltic Sea and Rhine River, the soil is very fertile. It has a temperate climate with an average amount of rainfall, most of it towards the Alps. These factors combined makes this region a hot-spot for farming. It's also plentiful in oil and natural gasses. Physical Geography The most important period to this region was the Renaissance. This time was even referred to as the "Northern Renaissance" to people of this area. The idea of humanism caused Christianity to flourish and rise. Also, the arts became very important and popular. History This region runs through Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Poland, and along the borders of Czech and Sweden. Cultural Geography This is the Northern European Wheat Belt. Is covers nearly all of the Northern European Plains. 5 Themes of Geography http://books.google.com/books?id=yAgGHnENHjoC&pg=PA76&dq=north+european+plains&hl=en&sa=X&ei=8uYrUY6hDZGI9gTFi4C4DQ&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=north%20european%20plains&f=false Follow the link to an article from the book "World Regional Geography" by Joseph Joe Hobbs and Andrew Dolan. The article is the section titled 'The Relationship of Human Settlement and Production to Europe's Varied Landscapes". Location- Any specific place on earth Absolute Location- Exact coordinates
Ex; Gonzales Louisiana is located at 30.2272° N, 90.9197° W
Relative Location- A location in relation to another place
Ex; EAHS is located by Wal-Mart Physical Characteristics- Characteristics made by the earth
Ex; Landforms, lakes, rivers, oceans
Human Characteristics- Characteristics of the people in that area
Ex; Culture, customs, religion, language Region- a place brought together by similar characteristics Formal- Brought together by proven facts
Ex; Countries, states, cities
Functional- Brought together by a focal point
Ex- Baton Rouge Metropolitan Area
Perceptual- Brought together by shared opinions or feelings
Ex; The Bible Belt 5 Themes Continued Movement- The transfer of items People- Human beings
Ex; Media Human-Environment Interaction- How people relate to their environment Depend- Relying on the environment
Ex; using a lake as a water source
Adapt- Getting used to the ways of the Earth
Ex; wearing a coat in the winter
Modify- Changing the environment to make it more suitable
Ex; Deforestation to make a business 5 Theme Continued.. The type of location displayed in this passage is relative. It says, "One of the most prominent features of Europe is an undulating or rolling plain that extends without a break from near the French-Spanish border, across western and northern France, central and northern Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, northern Germany, Poland, and far into Russia." This is relative because it doesn't give exact coordinates. The article presents the theme of place when they describe a few physical characteristics. The line, "South of this northern plain, Europe is mainly mountainous or hilly, with scattered plains, valleys, and plateaus," are examples of land in Europe. The theme of region is throughout the whole passage, the Northern European Plain is a region itself. It is a fact that the area has low plains, making it a formal region. In the second to last paragraph, movement is displayed. It says, "Glacial deposition- the process of offloading rock and soil in glacial retreat or lateral movement- had a major effect on the present landscape." Goods (rock and soil) are being moved during the process of glacial deposition. Lastly, the theme of human-environment interaction is shown in this passage when the population living in the Northern European Plains depends on the soil (loess) as a transportation route and a mineral source. This is a painting made in Germany during the renaissance. It was created by Albrecht Dürer in 1498. Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse More History... The flat ground of this region has been a good terrain for armies to pass over for years. In 1812, Napoleon traveled along it into Moscow, beginning the gruesome Battle of Borodino. First Settlers: Since this is a region that spans over multiple countries, there aren't any first settlers. Archaeologists do believe though, that the first community to establish it as farming land was a group called Linienbandkeramik Important Inventions: Some of the most popular inventions were made in the Northern Plains. Most of them came from Germany, such as the X-ray in 1895 and the computer in 1938. Location: Languages: The language spoken depends on the country, there are several countries, so there are several languages.The most common ones are German, Portuguese, and Dutch. Customs & Traditions: The customs and traditions in this region are very similar to ours. They do things like decorating Christmas trees and hiding Easter eggs, just as we do. This is a picture of a Polish family table on Christmas. They have to set up extra chairs because they believe no one should be alone on Christmas- meaning they take in random strangers for the day. Economy The countries in this area base their economy on agriculture and farming. They follow a mixed economy system, meaning they combine private and public enterprise. The major exports from this region are crops such as wheat and barley, and minerals such as sulfur and silver. The imports here are the same as the rest of Europe: machinery, clothing, oils, chemicals, aircraft, and so on. All of Northern Europe is part of the European Union, so they are politically free. They have government appointed boards, similar to a democracy.