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Latin America: Politics during WW1
Transcript of Latin America: Politics during WW1
President: Venceslau Bras
Only Latin American country to physically participate in the war
adopted policy of neutrality at beginning of war (Aug. 4, 1914) in accordance with Hague Convention
Brazilian merchant ship "Rio Branco" sunk by German submarine May 3, 1916 in restricted British waters
Brazilian government refused to declare war, despite public uproar
Declared war in late Oct. 1917 against the Central Powers due to the attacks of German U-boats on Brazilian merchant ships
April 5, 1917 sinking of Brazilian ship "Parana" resulted in anti-German rioting in Rio de Janeiro
provided naval support in patrolling South American waters and minesweeping activities on the west coast of Africa
by mid-1918: Brazil had sent a nominal amount of troops to the western front
Brazil's participation in the Paris Peace Conference provided opportunity to argue for compensation of Brazilian territories
How did the sinking of the Parana reflect other events of the war?
To what extent was German naval power responsible for the entrance of Brazil?
"Neutrality"- would not break relations unless there was a naval-wise attack
leaned towards Germany to support
isolated from the rest of Latin America except Argentina
Peru and Bolivia support US against Chilean government
What effect did Latin America have as a whole in WWI?
Did the nations of Latin America lean more towards the Allies or the Central Powers and why?
political turmoil in 1916: Pancho Villa leads rebel raids across Mexico
diverted American attention from the war
General John Pershing led 4,000 U.S. troops into Mexico on March 15, 1916, remaining there until early 1917
Increasing clashes led to threat of war between the U.S. and Mexico
June 18, 1916: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson called National Guard to deal with the Mexican problem
President Carranza backed down, releasing a group of captured U.S. troops and dispatching a note of apology on July 14, 1916
suspicions that German government was supporting Carranza
January 1917: telegram from Arthur Zimmermann to the German Minister to Mexico, von Eckhardt, offering US territory to Mexico in return for joining German cause
What does this picture imply about German influence on Mexico?
Cuba and Argentina
contributed sugar with the Allies
prevented German interference with the West Indies
Cuban soldiers, doctors, and nurses aided the Western Front
September 1918- sold surplus wheat to Britain and France
Sean Evans, Vivian Hernandez and Lawrenne Cobarrubia
Childress, Alexander, Mary Childress, and Marylin Childress. "Teaching With Documents: The Zimmermann Telegram." The Zimmermann Telegram. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2013. <http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/zimmermann/>.
Genini, Ron. "Latin America in World War I." Trenches on the Web. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Sept. 2013. <http://www.worldwar1.com/sfla.htm>.
Wasserman, Mark. "Latin America South America and the First World War: The Impact of the War on Brazil, Argentina, Peru, and Chile. By Bill Albert. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Pp. 388. $42.50." The Journal of Economic History 48.04 (1988): 957. Print.
The Temptation. 1917. Dallas Morning News. Dallas: n.p., 1917. N. pag. Print.