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Grammar Practice for ENGW51

A workshop designed to help students in English Writing 51 practice basic grammar rules and sentence construction created for the Sacramento City College Writing Center.
by

SCC Writing Center

on 23 October 2015

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Transcript of Grammar Practice for ENGW51

Grammar Practice
What is grammar?
Grammar is a collection of rules about how we put sentences together using capitalization, punctuation, and verb tenses, among other things.
How do I know if my grammar is correct?
Part of the writing process is finding and correcting the mistakes in your paper. Finding your own errors takes practice, so don't expect perfection from a first draft or first set of corrections.
Let's begin!
We'll take a few minutes to let you go through the handout and correct whatever errors you can find.
What are we looking for?
Remember, no one writes perfectly the first time! The best writers will re-read their work multiple times to revise content and correct errors.
Are there errors with capitalization or anything else?
Start out with the bigger issues first.
Parents must decide, how much television theyre children should watch.
What mistakes did you find?
Were you right?
Parents must decide how much television
their
children should watch.
Review the mistakes: extra comma, using the wrong form of "their"
the auction inclusived, furniture, paintings, and china.
Review the mistakes: missing capital, wrong word, unnecessary comma
Mens clothing is down the stairs, and sells a various of styles’ of clothing.
Review the mistakes: Missing possessive apostrophe, unnecessary comma, wrong word form, unnecessary apostrophe
President bush claimed, we where fighting against “an axis of evil in his speech.
President
B
ush

claimed we
were
fighting against “an axis of evil
"
in his speech.
Review the mistakes: missing capitalization, unnecessary comma, wrong word form, missing end quote
But never said it was ok.
Does this sentence need anything
It most certainly does!! There are many ways to fix this sentence. What did you come up with?
They told me once they didn't want to,
but
they changed their minds and
never said it was ok
ay
.
Review the mistakes: This is an incomplete sentence (fragment) because it doesn't include a subject. It can be corrected in many ways.
The people who I most wanted to talk to about the issue my paper is about.
The people who
m
I most wanted to talk to about the issue my paper is about
are Jill and Mike
.
Review the mistakes: This is a sentence fragment: it is all subject, no verb. Object case of who/whom.
His idea was important to know one but hisself.
His idea was important to
no
one but
himself
.
Mike and her are going to talk on architecture.
Here are some other places you can go for help and practice:
www.chompchomp.com
a4esl.org/q/j/
classroom.jc-schools.net/basic/la-grammar.html
The Writing Center (LR144 in the library)
Is it a complete sentence? Does it have a subject and a verb? Does it make a complete thought?
Does everything in the sentence agree? Do the subject and verb agree? Is everything in the proper tense?
Are there any punctuation errors? Is there a comma splice?
Are there spelling errors?
Here are some things you can ask yourself when evaluating your sentences:
Let's look at sentence #1 on the handout.
T
he auction
included
furniture, paintings, and china.
Men
'
s clothing is down the stairs and sells a
variety
of styles of clothing.
He really wanted her to go, b
ut never said it was ok
ay
.
Review the mistakes: word form, reflexive pronoun
When an occupant of a car involved in an accident is either hurt by something inside the car or is thrown from the car by the impact.
When an occupant of a car
is
involved in an accident
,

they can
either
be
hurt by something inside the car or
be
thrown from the car by the impact.
Review the mistakes: The sentence is a fragment using a dependent clause as a complete idea. There are many ways to correct it, including adding verbs and nouns as necessary.
Few people realize how importance art education is. Especially for young students.
Few people realize how
important
art education is
,

e
specially for young students.
Review the errors: The second sentence here is a fragment that adds detail. The easiest fix is to combine the two sentences. Also, the word "importance" is a noun, but we need the adjective form of the word.
The arts and crafts movement called for handmade objects it was a reaction against mass production.
The arts and crafts movement called for handmade objects
;
it was a reaction against mass production.
OR
The arts and crafts movement called for handmade objects
. I
t was a reaction against mass production.
Review the errors: This is a fused (runon) sentence. It can be corrected in a few ways.
Education
is an difficulty word it often means different things to different people.
Education
is
a difficult
word
.

I
t often means different things to different people.
Review the errors: "Education" doesn't need to be italicized to set it off; it could be put in quotes, if you want though. We should use "a" with words that begin with consonant sounds, and "difficulty" is a noun, not the adjective that's needed to describe "word." Lastly, we have a run on, which can be fixed with a period and a capital letter.
On the weather channel, it reported a hurricane in florida keys.
T
he
W
eather
C
hannel reported a hurricane in
the

F
lorida
K
eys.
Review the errors: Too many subjects: either "The Weather Channel reported" or "On the Weather Channel, it was reported" is correct. Proper nouns, like names of places or corporations, are capitalized. We also need an article "the" before "Florida Keys" because it's a specific place.
She
and Mike are going to talk
about
architecture.
Review the errors: Use "she" for a subject (the person acting in the sentence) and "her" for an object (the person being talked about). Also, we talk "about" a subject, but we sit "on" a chair.
The student rote about their favorite wrtiers.
The student
wrote
about
her
favorite
writers
.
Review the errors: 2 spelling errors: one is a typo, with letters out of order; the other is a homophone, a word that sounds the same but means something different. There is also a number agreement error: one student cannot be many people; use either students, plural, with their or singular student with the appropriate gendered pronoun.
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