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Drugs

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by

Tom Caruso

on 12 April 2016

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Transcript of Drugs

http://www.neuroskills.com/brain.shtml#map
Controls
Planning
Reasoning
More specific movements
Impulse control
Frontal Lobes
Controls
Hearing
Speech
Memory
Emotional Responses
Temporal Lobes
Processes touch and sensation information
Heat/Cold
Pain
Pressure
Spatial orientaion
Parietal Lobes
Controls vision
Color regognition
Occipital Lobes
Controls
Fine movement coordination
Balance & Equilibrium
Muscle tone
Cerebellum
Controls essential survival functions
Breathing
Heart Beat
Manages
Sleeping
Waking
Digestion
Body Temperature
Elimination of Waste
Brain Stem
Brain Anatomy
& Physiology

If anyone with a brain can become addicted and there are other risk factors that we may have, how can we avoid drug abuse (addiction)?
Closure
Treat the problem not just the symptom
People in treatment must learn behavioral changes that help them to deal with their problems and avoid harmful behaviors.
Realize need for help – Don’t an Enabler
Don’t “get in the water with them”
Use all your resources
There is no “cure” for substance abuse disorders, however they are treatable.
Similarly there is no cure for HIV, but it is treatable.
Through treatment that meets individual needs, people can learn to control their condition and live normal and productive lives while reaching goals and fulfilling dreams.
Getting Help/ Helping
How do we help someone who may be addicted or…. How do we get help ourselves?
Anyone with a brain can become addicted.
Research has proven that the earlier you start, the more susceptible you are to addiction.
Gateways drugs – Marijuana, alcohol and cigarettes
There may be a gene that alcoholics and addicts possess, but we are more than just our genes.
Risk takers are more susceptible to addiction.
There is a clear connection between poor mental health and drug abuse.
There is a clear connection between chaotic life and drug abuse.
Boredom
Who can become addicted
Drug Use = Pleasure
Repeated Use = Chase euphoria and a bigger high
Dependence = You need the drug to feel good at all
Addiction = You need the drug to avoid symptoms of withdraw
The Addiction Cycle
Principle two of addiction - The brain remembers
Your brain remembers where and how it happened and will check back next time you are in need.
Example: Sallye (my dog) & her leash
Principle 2
Principle one of addiction - Dopamine is the neurotransmitter that is released in the reward center of the brain to help create this euphoria.
Dopamine is at work when we eat that favorite food and when we take an addictive drug.
Principle 1
The Brain Reward System
This system gives us the tools to preserve the species.
It causes us to enjoy activities and substances that are life sustaining and remember how to go about getting them and doing them.
Give examples…
The Brain Reward System
Addiction is the repetitive, compulsive use of a substance despite negative consequences to the user.
Addiction
Think of food you really, really love.
Imagine it sitting on top of your desk in a sort of trap that may catch your hand.
Would you try to get the food?
Are you addicted to that food and if not what are the signs that someone may be addicted to that food?
Warm-up
DRUGS ADICTION
drinking alcoholic beverages with the primary intention of becoming intoxicated by heavy consumption of alcohol over a short period of time.
5 drinks in a row for men - 4 in a row for women
Binge Drinking
Beer – 4-6%
Wine – 10-15%
Liquor/Spirits – 40-60%
Absolute alcohol -99-100 %
12oz. Beer = 5oz wine = 1 shot liquor
Average Percentage in Drinks
With a neighbor list as many facts you have learned about alcohol.
Student facts
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy increases risk of
Heart malformation
Joint problems
Growth deficiencies
Mental retardation
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Emotional/mental state
depression….
Tolerance
User’s brain is used to it
Takes more to get the effect
DOES NOT affect BAC
Other factors affecting alcohol's effects
Type of drink
Rate at which you drink
Body weight
Amount of food in stomach
Factors affecting BAC
Fermentation
Action of yeast on fruit, sugar, or grains
Strength/percentage of alcohol = PROOF
100 proof = 50% alcohol
Ethyl Alcohol
Unit 5 - Drugs
Alcohol
2/3 rds. of homecides
1/3 of suicides
50% of traffic fatalities
Other general accidents
Other effects of alcohol in society…
Liver problems
fatty-scarring-cirrhosis
6th leading cause of adult death in US
Brain atrohpy
Cancer
mouth, throat, stomach
Dependence – Alcoholism
withdrawal symptoms
Long term effects
.04-.05% judgment, speech, motor
coordination affected
.08 – legally intoxicated
.08-.10 reflexes & judgment clearly
impaired
.2% could result in unconsciousness
.3% could result in coma
.4-.5% death due to suppression of
brain’s vital center
Blood Alcohol Concentration
The rate at which it does this is about ½ oz of alcohol/hour.
There is about 1/2oz of alcohol in 1 drink (12oz beer, 8oz wine, 1 shot liquor)
What happens if I drink three beer in an hour?
BAC goes up…
Liver removes/oxidizes alcohol
What is your worst social deficiency and how can you overcome it in a natural and healthy way?
Closure
Includes legal useful household products.
What social deficiencies would it help counter act?
Inhalants
Alters perception and the effects are unpredictable.
Can you think of a medical reason for using this drug?
What social deficiencies would it help counter act?
Hallucinogens
Alters visual perception, coordination and reaction time, short term memory loss (impairs long term learning).
Takes one week to leave your body.
From a medical standpoint why would you take this drug?
What social deficiencies would it help counter act?
Cannabis
Depressant producing drug from the opiate family.
Pain killers and sleep inducers
From a medical standpoint why would you take this drug?
What social deficiencies would it help counter act?
Narcotics
Decreases awareness and response to stimuli by depressing the CNS.
Opposite of stimulants
From a medical standpoint why would you use this drug?
What social deficiencies would it help counter act?
Depressants
Elevates mood, induces euphoria and increases alertness
From a medical standpoint why would you use this drug?
What social deficiencies would it help counter act?
Stimulants
In groups of four, sort the drug names and slang names into the appropriate categories.
Check as a class
How many did you know?
Focus Step
Depressants
Stimulants
Narcotics
Cannabis
Hallucinogens
Inhalants
The 6 Classifications
Drugs
Drug Classification
methapmphetamine's effect on the brain
Dopamine
Serotonin
Acetylcholine
Norepinephrine
Histamine
Two dozen others
Examples of Neurotransmitters
synaptic actvity
How Psychoactive Drugs Work
Ethyl Alcohol
Cal Cocaine
Role Play drug interaction
Alter storage of neurotransmitter in vesicles
Mimic neurotransmitter
Block neurotransmitter from binding to receptors
Alter synthesis of neurotransmitter
Block re-uptake of neurotransmitter
Alter release of neurotransmitter
Alter membrane permeability
Drug Mechanisms
Nick Neuron
Vicki Vesicle
Nate Neurotransmitter
Rachel receptor
Nyla Neuron
Role Play normal function
Vesicles at the end of neurons
store/manufacture neurotransmitters
Neurons communicate to each other by transfer of neurotransmitters across a synapse
Nerve cells in the brain are called neurons
Neurotransmitters (key) cross over synapse to…
Receptors (Lock) specifically designed to receive them
“Lock & Key”
Which is the most important principle of treatment and why?
Closure and Review
Principle 5: Treat the problem not just the symptom
The 5 Principles of Treatment
Principle 4: People in treatment must learn behavioral changes that enable them to deal with their problems and avoid harmful behaviors.
Principle 5: ??
Diagram on board and explain “Upstream/Downstream”
Brainstorm possible solutions to the problems
The 5 Principles of Treatment
Principle 1: Use your resources
Principle 2: There is no “cure” for substance abuse disorders, however they are treatable.
Similarly there is no cure for HIV, but it is treatable.
Principle 3: Through treatment that meets individual needs, people can learn to control their condition and live normal and productive lives while reaching goals and fulfilling dreams.
The 5 Principles of Treatment
Drugs
Treatment
Using the resources provided, create a tent that when standing does not touch the desk top.
What is keeping you from successfully completing the task?
How is similar to treatment of a substance abuse disorder?
Focus Step
Your groups determined that we often abuse drugs to counter act a mental, social, or emotional deficiency that people may have.
Having studied emotional and mental health, you know how prevalent mental illness is in our society.
To make matters worse, these are only the documented cases of mental illness.
Building a nation of abuse
Each group has 6 minutes to create lists of answers for each of the questions below.
What are some possible reasons for abusing drugs?
What does the media and society tells us about drug use?
What are some possible consequences of abusing drugs?
Attitude
Use – appropriate and safe consumption
Students give examples
Misuse – the intentional inappropriate use of any drug.
Students give examples
Abuse – the intentional inappropriate use of any drug resulting in financial, intellectual, physical, emotional or social consequences. Any use of illegal drugs.
Students give examples
Drug use, misuse and abuse
Write answers
Read Around
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/drug
Examples include:
over the counter drugs, prescription drugs, illegal drugs, alcohol and tobacco
What is a drug?
Drugs Unit
Introduction
As a class, we identified that our society and the media often tells us that using drugs is a normal and essential part of life.
Here are a few examples.
The Media
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